WAR AND PEACE
TEXTS -- John Keegan, The Face of Battle: A Study of Agincourt, Waterloo, and the Somme (Penguin, 1976); Leo Tolstoy, War and Peace, trans. Louise and Aylmer Maude (Norton Critical Edition, 2e, 1996); and William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White, The Elements of Style (Longman, 4e, 2000).
CORE -- Visit this page for the second part of our syllabus (Connecting) and to get started with the crucial attitudes and perspectives for our course.
Films -- The 50 greatest war films of all time (Time Out NY, 2011) and The Movies Go to War: From World War I through Desert Storm (UT Austin, 2005): "How to Study a War" and "How to Study a Film". Optional: War Films (The Criterion Collection); Memorial Day special: The best & worst war movies of all time (Daily News); and 100 Best War movies (IMDb); Top 10 War Movies (Time); Greatest War Movies (AMC Filmsite); Best War Movies (Good Movies List); 8 great foreign-language war films (Osprey Publishing); 50 Best War Films (Total Film); and The 50 Greatest World War II Movies (Time Out London).
FACING BATTLE, I
BORODINO (1812): Leo Tolstoy, War and Peace
FACING BATTLE, II
Return to WebBooks for History Courses
FACING BATTLE, I
ADLER, TOLSTOY and KEEGAN -- Adler's "War and Peace" and Tolstoy's "God Sees the Truth, but Waits." Optional: Tolstoy, "God Sees the Truth, But Waits" [18.30 minutes] and Meeting of Minds (PBS, 1977-81): Steve Allen's "talk show" with a wide variety of historical and literary figures.
Adler -- Biography (The Great Books).
Tolstoy -- Tolstoy: Life as Russian History (PBS). Optional: Timeline (PBS); Books and Writers; The Trouble with Leo Tolstoy 1: At War with Himself [65 minutes] and 2: In Search of Happiness [60 minutes] (Alan Yentob); Yasnaya Polyana (Wikipedia); Leo Tolstoy at Yasnaya Polyana [2 minutes]; The Last Station (2009): review (Roger Ebert); Tolstoy (BBC: In Our Time) [45-minute audio]; Sofia Tolstoy's diaries paint bleak portrait of marriage to Leo (BBC); Tolstoy’s great-great-grandson appointed cultural adviser to Putin (The Art Newspaper, 2012); and F. T. Griffiths and S. J. Rabinowitz, "Tolstoy and Homer," Comparative Literature, 35/2 (1983).
Keegan -- The Guardian obituary (2012). Optional: The Telegraph obituary; History Today profile (2000); The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst; and Sandhurst, where wonderful warriors are made (The Telegraph).
AGINCOURT (1415) -- The Hundred Years' War (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animation); Agincourt (Animated Battle Maps Archive); Agincourt (War Walks: Richard Holmes, 1996) [29 minutes]; and Agincourt: The Movie (BBC: Horrible Histories) [2 minutes]. Optional: The Battle of Agincourt (Discovery Channel: Great Battles) [23.30 minutes]; Agincourt: a reasonably accurate recounting of the battle using dramatic music, maps, images, and film from three versions, and Part 2 [videos, 10 minutes total]; Agincourt (History Channel: Battlefield Detectives) [48 minutes]; The Battle of Agincourt (Britishbattles.com); Bernard Cornwell's History of Agincourt [4 minutes]; Agincourt: A Hundred Years of War (Pure History Specials) [51 minutes]; and The Barron Knights, The Battle of Agincourt [3 minutes] for musical fun.
Shakespeare -- Henry V, Act IV, Scene III: the St. Crispin's Day Speech interpreted by Lawrence Olivier (1944) [3 minutes] and Kenneth Branagh (1989) [5 minutes]. Optional: three scenes from Branagh's Henry V (1989), with brutal hand-to-hand combat in the October mud: Part 1, 2 and 3.
BORODINO (1812): Leo Tolstoy, War and Peace
BOOK 1 -- 1812: The Road to Moscow (Cromwell Films) [61 minutes in six parts, with an alternative slightly grainer version] and War of 1812 Bicentennial (RIA Novosti). Optional: Napoleon's Empire, 1812 (Norton iMaps); Europe and the Superior Being: Napoleon (The History Guide); The rise, the glory, the fall: the Empire seen through the eyes of great artists (Napoleon.org).
Film: Bondarchuk (1968) -- Sergei Bondarchuk and film (Wikipedia); and Roger Ebert's review (1969). Optional: Remembering a legendary Russian actor and director Sergei Bondarchuk (Russia & India Report); Paul Schrader, "War and Peace: Chronological Impossibility"; Norman MacAfee, Thinking About War and Peace (2011); Sergei Bondarchuk, A Man of Destiny (1959): film parts 6 and 7 [through minute 2.10] for the Russian prisoner (Bondarchuk, directing his first film and drawing on his experiences as a POW during the Second Patriotic War) challenging his German captors; and Bondarchuk, They Fought for their Motherland (1975): information, trailer, and opening of a film set in July 1942.
Recordings -- Greatest Audio Books.
Music -- Natasha, Pierre & the Great Comet of 1812 (2013): Official site (Kazino); Playbill review; and Tolstoy’s War & Peace as Immersive Electro-pop Opera (Culturebot, 2012).
BOOK 2 -- Optional: Episode 2: Sounds of War and 3: Skirmish at Schongraben (BBC, 1972).
Kutuzov [2.2] -- George Dawe, Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov (1829, The Hermitage) and Mikhail Kutuzov (The Voice of Russia). Optional: Commander in chief Mikhail Kutuzov, Part I [unavailable], Part II, Part III, and Part IV (The Voice of Russia).
Bagration [2.10] -- General Pyotr Bagration (The Voice of Russia).
BOOK 3 -- Optional: Episode 4: A Letter and Two Proposals and 5: Austerlitz (BBC, 1972).
Battle of Austerlitz -- The Ulm-Austerlitz Campaign, 1805 (PBS); Furore over Austerlitz ceremony and In pictures: Austerlitz re-enacted (BBC, 2005); and Czech “Russians” and American Napoleon clash at Austerlitz (RIV Novosti). Optional: Austerlitz 1805: Napoleon's Greatest Triumph (Crowell, 1993) [55 minutes]; Napoleon's 1805 Ulm-Austerlitz Campaign Map (U Oregon); Battle of Austerlitz (Arc de Triomphe: Names and Battles 1792-1815); Austerlitz: The Battle of the Two Emperors (History Today); Battle of Austerlitz (Animated Battle Maps Archive); “Two Emperors”: Alexander I and Napoleon I in the works of art (The Voice of Russia); and Ulm Campaign, 1805 (The Art of Battle: Animated Battle Maps).
BOOK 4 -- Optional: Episode 6. Reunions, 7: New Beginnings, and 8: A Beautiful Tale (BBC, 1972).
English Club [4.3] -- "English Club" (RIA Novosti: Moscow sites in Tolstoy’s novel War and Peace).
Treaties of Tilsit [5.19] -- Painting (Wikipedia) and print. Optional: The Treaty of Tilsit: victory of Russian diplomacy (The Voice of Russia).
BOOK 6 -- Optional: Episode 9: Leave of Absence and 10: Madness (BBC, 1972) .
Waltz [6.9] -- Couples Waltz in 1812 Period Costumes at Kremlin Ball and 1812 War Anniversary Ball (RIV Novosti)
BOOK 8 -- Optional: Episode 11: Men of Destiny and 12: Fortunes Of War (BBC, 1972).
Opera [8.8-9] -- Tolstoy, What is Art?: "opera is stupid." Optional: Tolstoy and Music (British Library); Joel Hewett, "An Overlooked Source for the Opera Scene in Tolstoy’s War and Peace," Notes & Queries, 57/2 (2010); and Opera for the Neophyte in War and Peace (Steve Masover).
Maria Dmitriyevna Akhrosimova -- "Maria Dmitriyevna Akhrosimova’s house" (RIA Novosti: Moscow sites in Tolstoy's novel War and Peace).
BOOK 9 -- Patriotic War of 1812 (RIV Novosti) and Introduction. World events in 1812 through "What are you doing here? F*** off !" (Napoleon, His Army and Enemies: Napoleon's Invasion of Russia 1812). Optional: Episode 12: Fortunes Of War (BBC, 1972).
Niemen River [9.2] -- Napoleonic Soldiers Cross the Neman 200 Years Later (RIV Novosti).
Battle of Ostrovna [9.14-15] -- Map of Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1812: The first phase of the war through Battle of Ostrovno, 25-26 July (Napoleon, His Army and Enemies: Napoleon's Invasion of Russia 1812).
Sloboda Palace [9.22] -- Sloboda Palace and (RIA Novosti: Moscow sites in Tolstoy’s novel War and Peace).
BOOK 10: Borodino, I (Books 1-18) -- History comes to life at Borodino (RT), text and video; V. V. Vereshagin, Napoleon near Borodino (1897); and Russia marks 200th anniversary of 1812 Patriotic War which halted Napoleon's march on the world (Telegraph): with Napoleon and Kutuzov. Optional: Memorial 1812 Year and :Episode 13: Borodino (BBC, 1972).
BOOK 10: Borodino, II (Books 19-38) -- The bloodbath at Borodino (Napoleon, His Army and Enemies: Napoleon's Invasion of Russia 1812); The Battle of Borodino, September 7, 1812: Situation at 12.30 p.m., using Franz A. Roubaud's panorama (All World Wars); A day of military glory: “With cause all Russia fashions lays. About Borodino”, Borodino: sacred field of Russian military glory, and Battle of Moscow reenacted in Borodino, History Buffs Drink and Swordfight in Battle of 1812, and Borodino Battle Reenactment Training Costs $15,800 (RIV Novosti); and Anatoly Pavlovich Shepelyuk, Mikhail Kutuzov at the Battle of Borodino (1952, State Borodino War and History Museum and Reserve, Borodino, Moscow Oblast). Optional: 1812 War: Battle of Borodino, Part I, Part II, Part III, and Part IV (The Voice of Russia).
Smolensk Mother of God [10.21]
Sergei Eisenstein, Ivan the Terrible (1943): Ivan's people bring a Black Madonna to convince him to return as Tsar [minute 1.33.15-1.38.59]. Optional: Senses of Cinema.
Memorials -- Franz A. Roubaud, The Battle of Borodino, 07 September 1812 (1912): the 115-meter x 15-meter panorama. Optional: Borodino Panorama Museum, fragments, and jaunty video [1 minute]; and Borodino: Version 2012 (Russia Today).
Legos (optional) -- Sneak peak at Borodino moc, Morning of the Battle , The soldiers are blessed before battle, The attack begins, The Cavalry lead a new assault in pt2 of Borodino, and Simple butchers work (MOCpages: French Soldiers of Napoleons Empire)
BOOK 11 -- Optional: Episode 14: Escape, 15: Moscow!, 16: Two Meetings, and 17: Of Life and Death (BBC, 1972).
Council of War at Fili [11.3] -- Alexey Danilovich Kivshenko, Kutuzov at the conference of Fili deciding to surrender Moscow to Napoleon (1880, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow); "Kutuzov izba" (RIA Novosti: Moscow sites in Tolstoy’s novel War and Peace); and 1812 Kutuzov Hut Museum in Moscow (The Voice of Russia).
Count Rostopchin's House [11.7] Count Rostopchin’s house (RIA Novosti: Moscow sites in Tolstoy’s novel War and Peace).
Rostopchin -- O. A. Kiprensky, Count F. V. Rostopchin (1809, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow).
BOOK 12 -- Optional: Episode 18: The Retreat (BBC, 1972).
Execution of "Moscow arsonists" [12.3] -- Novodevichy Convent (RIA Novosti: Moscow sites in Tolstoy’s novel War and Peace).
The Third of May, 1808 (1814) -- WGA; Smarthistory; and How to Look at a Work of Art: Third of May, 1808, Francisco de Goya: description, interpretation, and Art-Formal Analysis [4 minutes]. Optional: Art History Abbreviated [3 minutes]; Goya's 3rd Of May 1808 (BBC: Private Life Of A Masterpiece) [46 minutes]; Learner: Art Through Time; Sister Wendy's Grand Tour, 7: Madrid: Goya, Third of May and The Colossus (1996) [minute 5.52-8.46];
The Disasters of War (1810-15) -- WGA and Richard Harris Art Collection. Optional: Jacques Callot (1592-1635) and The Miseries of the Thirty Years War (David M. Hart) and Miseries of War (History of Art).
BOOK 13 -- Optional: Episode 19: The Road to Life (BBC, 1972).
Tarutino [13.1] -- Russian flanking movement on Tarutino (Napoleon, His Army and Enemies: Napoleon's Invasion of Russia 1812). Optional: 1812: Russian Army in Tarutino. Part I and Part II (The Voice of Russia).
Cossacks [13.1] -- Cossacks Saddle Rare Horses and Ride from Moscow to Paris (RIV Novosti). Optional: Cossacks of the Napoleonic Wars (Napoleon, His Army and Enemies).
Reenacting the 1812 Patriotic War near Maloyaroslavets (RIV Novosti).
Guerrilla warfare [14.1-2] -- Partisan war against the godless French (Napoleon, His Army and Enemies: Napoleon's Invasion of Russia 1812) and Goya, Duel with Cudgels among his "Black Paintings" (1820-23). Optional: Guerrilla war and Guerilla warfare during the war of 1812, Part I and Part II (The Voice of Russia).
BOOK 15 -- How Russia celebrated 200th anniversary of victory over Napoleon, Part I and Part II (Radio: The Voice of Russia).
Battle of Krasnoe [15.3] -- Davout, the Iron Marshal, under attack through Battle of Krasne (Krasnyi) in November 1812 (Napoleon, His Army and Enemies: Napoleon's Invasion of Russia 1812) and Jean Antoine Simeon Fort (1793-1861), Battle of Krasnoi, 18th November 1812 (Château de Versailles, France).
Henri Quatre [15.3] -- Marche Henri IV (Wikipedia): lyrics (French and English) of the song Henri Quatre.
Berezina River [15.4] -- For his rear guard action Marshal Ney was given the nickname ‘the bravest of the brave’ by Napoleon through Conclusions and final comments (Napoleon, His Army and Enemies: Napoleon's Invasion of Russia 1812); Reenactment of 1812 Battle of Berezina River in Belarus (RIV Novosti); Battle of Berezina 200 years on (Radio: The Voice of Russia); and Grave of Peter Stuart Ney, Cleveland, NC (Atlas Obscura). Optional: The Bridges that Éblé Built: The 1812 Crossing of the Berezina (The War Times Journal); Battle of the Berezina (Arc de Triomphe: Names and Battles 1792-1815); Marshal Michel Ney and 1812: Napoleon’s Marshals: Ney, Murat, Berthier (The Voice of Russia); Ney Memorial Association Scrapbook (Edith M. Clark History Room, Rowan Public Library, Salisbury); and Mystery Surrounds Identity of Rowan County School Teacher (Salisbury Post).
Charles Joseph Minard, Napoleon's March to Moscow (1869) -- Napoleon's Empire (McGraw-Hill): Click on the "Napoleon's March to Moscow" box for the animation and Napoleon's March to Moscow (Places & Spaces: Mapping Science). Optional: Re-Visions of Minard (York U) and Redesigning Minard's graphic of Napoleon's march (Johnn Boykin).
EPILOGUE 1 -- The War Gallery of 1812 in the Winter Palace (The Hermitage) and Moscow Unveils the Watercolor Metro Train Featuring a Battle of Borodino Exposition (RIV Novosti). Optional: Episode 20. An Epilogue (BBC, 1972).
Pyotr Ilyich Tchiskovsky (1880) -- The 1812 Overture -- The Guided Tour [17 minutes] (Hodge). Optional: Musical Tribute to 1812 War and French musicians to perform on Borodino field (The Voice of Russia, 2012) .
EPILOGUE 2 -- The Hedgehog and the Fox: first paragraph, Origins, and Summary (Wikipedia); Sharp Eyes for the Multiple Things (NY Times, 1954); and Why Foxes Are Better Forecasters Than Hedgehogs (Tetlock). Optional: Learning How to Think: review of Tetlock (NY Times).
PROKOFIEV -- Serge Prokofiev, War and Peace (1941-53): Wikipedia; Premiere at last for Prokofiev's pre-Stalin War and Peace opera (The Independent, 2010); and Andrei's death (Opéra national de Paris, 2000) [3.30 minutes]. Optional: Andrei's death scene in two parts (Tokyo 2003) [13 minutes]: slow and poorly filmed, but containing all the music of this powerful scene; John Simon, "Prokofiev's War and Peace," New Leader, 84/2 (2001); Laurel E. Fay, "Epic Pro Portions," Opera News, 66/9 (2002); Alex Ross, "Prokofiev's War and Peace," The New Yorker (2002) glowing review of Met production; summary (The Metropolitan Opera); Rita McAllister, Travels with an opera: Prokofiev’s War and Peace (2009); and Malcolm H. Brown, "Prokofiev's War and Peace: A Chronicle," The Musical Quarterly, 63/3 (July 1977).
Woodie Allen, Love and Death (1975): Every Woody Allen Movie and Roger Ebert's review. Optional: NY Times review; Love and Death and Woody Allen, (Part I) (Propeller); and Woody Allen, Love and Death and Lieutenant Kijé (The Blog of Charles).
FACING BATTLE, II
WATERLOO (1815) -- Waterloo (Animated Battle Maps Archive); 1815: Waterloo (War Walks: Richard Holmes, 1996) [29 minutes]; and Abba, Waterloo: Eurovision contest winner performance [4.00 minutes]. Optional: The Battle of Waterloo (Cromwell Films) [56.30 minutes]; The Battle of Waterloo and The Battle of Waterloo Game (BBC); Battle of Waterloo (Napoleon, His Army and Enemies); Napoleon (PBS), Episode 4: The End, parts 3, 4, and 5; Battle of Waterloo, 1815 (The Art of Battle: Animated Battle Maps); Battle of Waterloo (Arc de Triomphe: Names and Battles 1792-1815); The Battle of Waterloo (britishbattles.com); Interactive Battle Simulator (PBS); and Battle of Waterloo section of Sergi Bondarchuk's Napoleon (1970).
THE SOMME (1916) -- Europe Plunges into War (The Map as History); The Western Front, 1914-1918 and Battle of the Somme (BBC: Animated Maps); The Battle of the Somme (PBS); Animated Map: Battle of the Somme, with Keegan's commentary (BBC); and The Somme (War Walks: Richard Holmes, 1996) [29 minutes]. Optional: Battle of the Somme: 1 July-13 November 1916, The Human Face of War, and World War I soldier wills digitised for online archive (BBC).
Christmas in the Trenches (1984) -- John McCutcheon's performance [6.30 minutes] and information (Wikipedia). Optional: Christmas in the Trenches, 1914 (EyeWitness to History); 'A football was kicked out of our trenches and we played the Germans': Poignant letter recounting famous 1914 Christmas Day truce rediscovered nearly 100 years on (Daily Mail, 2012); and McCutcheon's lyrics (Art of World War I).
PELELIU and OKINAWA (1944-45) -- World War II in the Pacific, 1941-1945 (McDougal Littell: choose VA if needed). Optional: World War II: Pacific, 1939-1945 (The National Archives) [6 minutes]; World War Two: The Pacific Theater (Mapping History); The Second World War: Pacific and WWII in the Pacific (McGraw-Hill: Palmer); full episodes of Ken Burns' The War (PBS, 2007) at NCLive; and Island-Hopping in the Pacific, 1942-1945, War in the Pacific, 1936-45, and Victory in the Pacific (PBS) [120 minutes].
Eugene Sledge -- Face of Battle: Training, Combat, and Aftermath, and Eugene Sledge (right column: introduction and link to excerpts from his memoir) and Sledge biography (Ken Burns, The War); and Sledgehammer: Old Breed Marine (Military History: Unsung Heroes) [44 minutes]. Optional: biography (Encyclopedia of Alabama) and Explaining Eugene Sledge’s Legacy To His Grandson (Leatherneck).
Battle of Peleliu (September-November 1944) -- Invasion of Peleliu: text and animated maps (The War Times Journal) and Ken Burn's The War, Episode 5: FUBAR -- September 1944-December 1944 (PBS) [minutes 0.28.50-0.53.17]. Optional: Peleliu: The Forgotten Corner of Hell, Then and Now (Stand Where They Fought).
Battle of Okinawa (April-June 1945) -- Okinawa (History Animated) and Ken Burn's The War, Episode 7: A World Without War -- March 1945-September 1945 (PBS) [minutes 0.00.00-0.27.15 and 0.54.20-1.05.17]. Optional: Eugene Sledge on Okinawa: quotations and interview [8 minutes].