MODERN WESTERN WORLD, II: Revolutions
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION -- The Western Tradition, 37: The American Revolution and 38: The American Republic; Tea, Taxes, and the American Revolution (Crash Course World History) [12 minutes]; Enlightenment and Revolution, 1550-1789, 4: The American Revolution, pages 640-45 (McDougal Littell); and Atlantic World and American Revolution (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz). Optional: The American Revolution (McGraw-Hill Interactive Map); LecturePoint: U.S. History, 6: Toward Revolution and Independence (1750-1783) and 7: Origins of the Constitution (Cengage); Triangular Trade Routes (Houghton Mifflin); Liberty! The American Revolution (PBS); A Biography of America, 4: The Coming of Independence and 5: A New System of Government (Annenberg Media); Learn about the American Revolution Map traces the major campaigns in shorter [5 minutes] and longer versions [8 minutes] (Life Videopedia); The American Revolution, 1775-1781 (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Maps); The American Revolution (Mapping History); and The Seven Years' War, 1756-1763 and The American Revolution: nine maps (Norton iMaps).
Declaration of Independence (1776) -- Interactive John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: Declaring Independence: Drafting the Documents (Library of Congress) and Trumbull (Architect of the Capital: Exploring Capital Hill).
Constitution (1789) -- The Ratification of the Constitution, 1787-1790 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: Constitutionalism (Mapping History); Creating the United States (Library of Congress); Ratification of the Constitution (Norton iMaps); and Checks and Balances (Prentice-Hall).
Jean-Antoine Houdon -- Bust of Thomas Jefferson (1789). Optional: Jean-Antoine Houdon (1741-1828) (MMOA).
Architecture -- Monticello and University of Virginia (Essential Architecture). Optional: Mr. Jefferson's Village (Ashley Hicks); The Architecture of Thomas Jefferson (Digital Imaging Project); Thomas Jefferson and Neoclassical Architecture in America (Saylor Foundation) [8 minutes]; Monticello and the University of Virginia, Virginia (UNESCO World Heritage Sites); Thomas Jefferson: The Education of an Architect (Archiving Early America); Monticello (home page); The Architecture of Thomas Jefferson (UVA); and Thomas Jefferson Memorial (Essential Architecture).
Houdon -- Rediscovering an American Icon: Houdon's Washington (1785-88) (Colonial Williamsburg).
FRENCH REVOLUTION: Republic
FRENCH REVOLUTION -- The Western Tradition, 39: The Death of the Old Regime and 40: The French Revolution [watch through minute 13.00]; The French Revolution and Napoleon, 1789-1815, 1: The French Revolution Begins and 2: Revolution Brings Reform and Terror, pages 648-62 (McDougal Littell); The French Revolution (Crash Course World History) [12 minutes]; and the La Marseillaise (French national anthem): lyrics and Casablanca scene (1942) [3 minutes]. Optional: The French Revolution (Norton iMaps); The French Revolution: Lectures 11-15 (The History Guide); The French Revolution: four parts (Khan Academy) [17-23.30 minutes each]; The Reign of Terror (Prentice-Hall: Interactive Map); French Revolution (The Open University); and The French Revolution in 23 minutes (HipHughesHistory).
FRENCH REVOLUTION: Empire
FRENCH EMPIRE -- The Western Tradition, 40: The French Revolution [begin at minute 13.00]; The French Revolution and Napoleon, 1789-1815, 3: Napoleon Forges an Empire and 4: Napoleon's Empire Collapses, pages 663-71 (McDougal Littell); Napoleon's Empire (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); and Europe and the Superior Being: Napoleon (The History Guide). Optional: Napoleonic Europe, 1799-1812, Napoleon’s Empire in 1812, and Russian Campaign of 1812 (McGraw-Hill); The French Revolution and Napoleon (Norton iMaps); Napoleon: seven parts (Khan Academy) [13-23 minutes each]; and Napoleon (PBS), using Goya's paintings and drawings.
THE ART OF NAPOLEON -- The Art of the Western World, 6: An Age of Reason, An Age of Passion [minute 21.30 to 28.15]; The rise, the glory, the fall: the Empire seen through the eyes of great artists; and Arch de Triomph (Essential Architecture). Optional: Napoleonic Paintings (BBC/Open University); Arc de Triomphe and The Louvre Museum (Essential Architecture); Who’s Who in Portraits 2: Napoleon and French Rulers (Abrahams); and Canova, Paolina Borghese as Venus Victorious (Smarthistory).
Antoine-Jean Gros -- Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa (1804) (Smarthistory). Optional: Works (WGA): Bonaparte on the Bridge at Arcole (1796) and Napoleon Bonaparte on the Battlefield of Eylau (1807).
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres -- Napoleon I on His Imperial Throne (1806) (Learner: Art Through Time). Optional: Great Works: Napoleon I on his Imperial Throne, 1806 (The Independent) and Citizens and Kings exhibition (Andrew Graham-Dixon, 2008) [8.30 minutes: stay until the end].
Portrait of the Duke of Wellington (1812) -- WGA.
The Third of May, 1808 (1814) -- WGA; Smarthistory; and How to Look at a Work of Art: Third of May, 1808, Francisco de Goya: description, interpretation, and Art-Formal Analysis [4 minutes]. Optional: Goya's 3rd Of May 1808 (BBC: Private Life Of A Masterpiece) [46 minutes]; Learner: Art Through Time; Sister Wendy's Grand Tour, 7: Madrid: Goya, Third of May and The Colossus (1996) [minute 5.52-8.46]; Los desastres de la guerra (1810-1815) (WGA); and Goya’s 2nd May, 1808 (1814), Behind Goya's Eyes, 2nd May, 1808 (1814), Goya’s Disasters of War (c.1810-15), Goya and Dix's Scenes of Execution, Disasters of War (c. 1810-15) and Inside's Goya' Eye (Abrahams).
INDUSTRIALISM -- The Western Tradition, 41: The Industrial Revolution and 42: The Industrial World; Coal, Steam, and the Industrial Revolution (Crash Course World History) [11 minutes]; The Industrial Revolution, 1700-1900, 1: The Beginnings of Industrialization, 2: Manchester, and 3: Industrialization Spreads, pages 714-33 (McDougal Littell); and Why the Industrial Revolution happened in Britain (BBC). Optional: The Origins of the Industrial Revolution in England (The History Guide); The Day the World Took Off: The Roots of the Industrial Revolution: information and six films [50 minutes each]; Industrial Europe, c. 1850 (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz); The First Industrial Revolution and The Industrialization of Europe around 1850 (Norton iMaps); Industrial Europe ca. 1850 (McGraw-Hill); and World History: The Industrial Revolution (Hip Hughes History) [27 minutes].
Population -- European Population Growth and Relocation, 1820-1900 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations) and Growth of Cities 1500-1800 (McGraw-Hill: Palmer).
Railways -- . Optional: Full steam ahead: J. M. W. Turner's Rain, Steam and Speed - The Great Western Railway (The Guardian: The Story of British Art).
SLAVE TRADE -- The Atlantic Slave Trade (Crash Course World History) [11 minutes]; The Slave Trade, c. 1450-1800 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); Josiah Wedgwood, Anti-slavery Medallion (1787, British Museum); and J. M. W. Turner, Slave Ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On) (1840) (Smarthistory). Optional: The African Slave Trade, 1440-1867 (Norton iMaps); African Slave Trade, c. 1780 (McGraw-Hill); British Anti-slavery (BBC); and The Anti-Slavery Campaign in Britain (The Victorian Web).
NATIONALISM -- The Western Tradition, 44: The Age of the Nation States and Nationalist Revolutions Sweep the West, 1789-1900, 3: Nationalism: Italy and Germany, pages 692-97 (McDougal Littell). Optional: Major Nationalities of Eastern Europe, 1800-1914 (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); European Language Groups, c. 1850 and Europe, 1871 (McGraw-Hill); and Centers of Industry, 1871 (Prentice-Hall); European Colonies in Latin America (McGraw-Hill); and The Age of Ideologies (3): The World of Auguste Comte (The History Guide).
AMERICA -- An Age of Democracy and Progress, 1815-1914, 3: War and Expansion in the United States, pages 758-61 (McDougal Littell); U. S. Expansion (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); and Westward Expansion (1790-1861) (The Map as History). Optional: LecturePoint: U.S. History, 15: Civil War (1861-1865) (Cengage); American Civil War (McGraw-Hill); A Biography of America, 11: The Civil War (Annenberg Media); Slavery and Emancipation (McGraw-Hill): see "In Motion" for five maps; Territorial Expansion of the United States 1783-1853 and The U.S. Civil War, Parts I and II (Mapping History); The Civil War, 1860-1865 (HippoCampus); The Civil War active maps (Alan Brinkley); The American Civil War (US Military Academy); and A New Birth of Freedom (1861-1865 and Reconstruction (1865-1877) (Norton iMaps).
Study at least one artwork:
Horatio Greenough, Washington as Zeus (1840) -- Washington as Zeus (1840). Optional: Smithsonian Legacies; Worst Statue of George Washington Ever (When Art History Goes BAD); The Colossal Zeus Statue of Pheidias (Lahanas); and Man is the Measure of All Things (Farber).
Washington Crossing the Delaware (1851) -- Smarthistory and MMOA interactive. Optional: Picturing America; What's wrong with this painting? (Washington Crossing Historic Park); Emanuel Leutze's Symbolic Scene of Washington Crossing the Delaware (Edsitement); and Teen Screens: "Kremlin America" (MMOA) [3.30 minutes].
Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way (1862) -- Explore Capital Hill (Architect of the Capital). Optional: Westward Expansion: Leutze video (Smithsonian Source: Resources for Teaching American History).
Constantino Brumidi, The Apotheosis of Washington (1865) -- Explore Capital Hill (Architect of the Capital). Optional: The Apotheosis of Washington: Brumidi's Fresco & Beyond (UVA); Frieze of American History (1978-1953) and Brumidi Corridors (Architect of the Capital: Explore Capital Hill); and U.S. Capital (Essential Architecture).
ITALY -- Unification of Italy and Germany (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations) and The Vittoriano: Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II (Essential Architecture). Optional: Unification of Italy (McGraw-Hill); Italian Unification and German Unification, 1815-1871 (Norton iMaps); The Unification of Italy (Pearson); Unifying Italy (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); Italian Unification (Amit Mendelsohn); and History of Italy: Towards the nation state and Kingdom of Italy (HistoryWorld).
Giuseppe Verdi, Nabucco: Va, pensiero (Fly, Thought, 1842) -- Verdi's "theme music" for Italian unification, skipping the video (NPR) and performance [5.30 minutes]; and The Top 10 Politically-Charged Moments in Verdi's Operas (WQXR: Operavore). Optional: Va, pensiero (Wikipedia).
GERMANY -- Unification of Germany (McGraw-Hill); Anton von Werner's The Imperial Coronation of Wilhelm I in Versailles on January 18, 1871 (Wikipedia); and Siegessaeule Victory Column Goldelse (1864, Berlin) and Basilica of the Sacré Cœur (1876-1912, Montmartre, Paris) (Essential Architecture). Optional: History of Germany: 19th century and 1871-1914 (HistoryWorld); Unification of Germany, 1865-1871 (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); The Unification of Germany (Wadsworth); Imperial Germany, 1871 (Bereznay); The German Question, 1815-1871 and Unification of Germany (McGraw-Hill); The Road to National Unification (Raffael Scheck's notes for his lectures and book on Germany and Europe, 1871-1945); and Ecliptique: patrimoine 2: Sacre-Coeur, Paris.
ART -- Becoming Modern (Smarthistory) and The Art of the Western World, 7: A Fresh View -- Impressionism and Post-Impressionism [60 minutes]. Optional: Realism and Impressionism (NY Institute of Technology) and The Rise of Modernism: Art of the Later 19th Century (Online Study Guide for Gardner's Art through the Ages: The Western Perspective).
ARCHITECTURE -- Study at least one building: Paris Opera (1874), Neuschwanstein (1880, Germany); The Reichstag (1884, Berlin); Statue of Liberty (1884, NYC); Eiffel Tower (1887, Paris); Louis Sullivan, Wainwright Building (1891, St. Louis, MO); and Biltmore Estates/Vanderbilt Residence (1895, Asheville, NC). Optional: 19th C Technology and Architecture [15 minutes] and Paris during the 19th Century Baron Haussmann, Charles Garnier and Gustave Caillebotte (Mencher) [20 minutes]; Eiffel Tower (Essential Architecture); and Paris Opera (Smarthistory).
PHOTOGRAPHY -- Early Photography (Smarthistory). Optional: The other photographers in Smarthistory.
Study each ISM (art and music) and at least one artist from each ISM:
REALISM -- Optional: Realism in France 19th Century, Part 1: Daumier and Courbet (Mencher) [28 minutes].
Jean-Francois Millet (French) -- The Gleaners (1857) (Smarthistory). Optional: WebMuseum; Behind the Picture: No.1 Les Glaneuses (The Gleaners) by François Millet, 1857 (St. Andrews); and other paintings at Smarthistory.
Edgar Degas (French) -- The Dance Class (1874) (Smarthistory and WGA). Optional: Other paintings at Smarthistory and WGA; Impressionism: Degas and Color Theory (Mencher) [32 minutes]; and L’Absinthe (1875-6) and Little Dancer Aged Fourteen (1879-81) (Abrahams).
Édouard Manet (French) -- Le déjeuner sur l'herbe (1863) and Olympia (1863) (Smarthistory). Optional: A Bar at the Folies-Bergère (1882) and other paintings at Smarthistory; Realism in France in the 19th Century, Part 2: Manet (Mencher) [17.30 minutes]; WebMuseum; Artble; and Olympia (1863), Part 1 and Le Déjeuner and Mlle. V. Simply Explained, and Titian’s Venus (c.1548-9) and Manet’s Olympia (1863) (Abrahams).
IMPRESSIONISM -- The Art Story; Impressionism: Color in Art (Artyfactory); and Impressionism, How the Impressionists Got Their Name, and Haussmann the Demolisher and the Creation of Modern Paris (Smarthistory). Optional: The First Impressionist Exhibition, 1874 (Artchive); WebMuseum; EyconArt; The Impressionists with Tim Marlow [60 minutes]; Impressionism: A Circle of Friends (WetCanvas); Waldemar Januszczak: The Impressionists (BBC: Your Paintings) [6 minutes]; and The Impressionists (BBC: Richard Armitage).
Mary Cassatt (American) -- In the Lodge (1878) (Smarthistory and WGA) and The Child's Bath (1893) (Smarthistory and WGA). Optional: Other paintings at Smarthistory and WGA; and Impressionism Mary Cassatt (Mencher) [17.30 minutes].
Claude Monet (French) -- Impression, Sunrise (1872) (WGA and WebExhibits) and Water Lilies (1918-26). Optional: Other paintings at Smarthistory and WGA; Impressionism: Monet (Mencher) [26 minutes]; WebMuseum; MMOA; Claude Monet: The Rouen Cathedral Series (Artyfactory); Living Color: Claude Monet and Monet's Finish: Claude Monet: Late Work (Haber); Monet's Rouen Cathedral (Columbia U.); Color: Warm & Cool and Linear & Aerial Perspective (The Minneapolis Museum of Art); and other paintings at Smarthistory.
POST-IMPRESSIONISM -- The Art Story and Post Impressionism: The Roots of Modern Art (Artyfactory).
Paul Cézanne (French) -- Red Rock (c. 1895) (Smarthistory) or The Card Players (1890-92) (WGA). Optional: Other paintings at Smarthistory and WGA; Cezanne's Astonishing Apples interactive (MMOA); 19th C Post Impressionism Cezanne (Mencher) [11 minutes]; and Sister Wendy's Grand Tour, 8: Paris: Cezanne, The Bathers (1994) [through minute 3.22].
Self-Portraits -- Vincent van Gogh: A History in Self Portraits (Artyfactory); Vincent van Gogh: Self-Portraits (WebMuseum); Who am I? Self-Portraits in Art and Writing (National Gallery of Art); and Van Gogh, Self-Portrait Dedicated to Paul Gauguin (Smarthistory and WGA). Optional: Self-Portraits in Chronological Order (WGA); Self-Portraits (Vincent van Gogh Gallery); The Self-Portraits (Vincent); Van Gogh Self-Portrait (1887, DIA) [3 minutes] and Portraits: Van Gogh and Whistler [4.30 minutes] (Detroit Institute of Art); Van Gogh's Letters (WebExhibit); Doctor My Eyes: Cézanne to van Gogh: The Collection of Dr. Gachet and The Passion Without the Color: Vincent van Gogh: The Drawings (Haber); and Margaret Drabble on Vincent van Gogh: 'It is a hard road ahead and he knows it' (The Guardian).
Starry Night (1889) -- MMOA and Artyfactory. Optional: A Brief Understanding of Three Starry Nights (The Vincent van Gogh Gallery); Van Gogh's Starry Night recreated in dominoes - video (Guardian) [2 minutes]; WGA; Google Art; and Vincent.
MUSIC: Impressionist -- Study at least one musical piece:
Gymnopédies (1888) -- information (Wikipedia) and Blood, Sweat and Tears, Variations on a Theme By Erik Satie (1st and 2nd Movements) (1968) [1 minute], from the full Gymnopédies [9 minutes].
Claude Debussy (French) -- Debussy's Paris: Art, Music, & Sounds of the City (Smith College Museum of Art).
TOLSTOY, I -- The Western Tradition, 45: A New Public; An Age of Democracy and Progress, 1815-1914, 1: Democratic Reform and Activism, pages 744-50 and 761-4: Nineteenth-Century Progress (McDougal Littell); Garnier's Paris Opéra and Carpeaux's Dance (Smarthistory); Leo Tolstoy (Books and Writers); and Images of Tolstoy. Optional: An Age of Democracy and Progress, 1815-1914, 2: Self-Rule for British Colonies, pages 751-57 and The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914, 3: Europeans Claim Muslim Lands, 4: British Imperialism in India, and 5: Imperialism in Southeast Asia, pages 786-99 (McDougal Littell); and The Last Station (2009): review (Roger Ebert); Tolstoy (BBC: In Our Time) [45-minute audio].
Ilya Repin -- The Peredvizhniki (The Wanderers) and Krestny Khod (Religious Procession) in Kursk Gubernia (1880-83) (Smarthistory); Ilya Repin, Portrait of Leo Tolstoy and Barge Haulers on the Volga (Smarthistory). Optional: Nineteenth-Century Russian Art: "Ideological Realism" (Dartmouth College).
TOLSTOY, II -- Tolstoy's estate at Yasnaya Polyana (Wikipedia); Leo Tolstoy at Yasnaya Polyana [2 minutes]; and The Big Read Promo [6 minutes]. Optional: The Art of Russia, II: Roads to Revolution (BBC: Andrew Graham-Dixon) [60 minutes].
DOSTOEVSKY -- The Western Tradition, 46: Fin de Siècle; Mass Society in an "Age of Progress," 1874-1891 timeline; Dostoevsky (Books and Writers); Fyodor Dostoyevsky - Peter Ustinov (Peter Ustinov's Russia, Vol 4: Dissent, 1986) [7 minutes]; and Monty Python: The Spanish Inquisition [9 minutes]. Optional: The Soviet film of The Brothers Karamazov (1969) curiously substitutes another story for Dostoevsky's original "The Grand Inquisitor" scene [8 minutes]; The Grand Inquisitor: a clever short story drawing loosely on Dostoevsky's parable [22 minutes]; and The Existentialist Frame of Mind (The History Guide).
MUSIC: Modest Mussorgsky
Pictures at an Exhibition (1874), orchestrated by Maurice Ravel (1922) -- information (Good Music Guide) and performance: "Promenade" (Alan Gampel, 2011) [to minute 1.30 of the 20-minute session for the opening movement]. Optional: full performances: London Philharmonia Orchestra (1964) [33 minutes] and Emerson, Lake, and Palmer's live performance (1971): visual ("Promenade" and "The Gnome") and recording [44 minutes].
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