MODERN WESTERN WORLD, II: Revolutions
REVOLUTION -- The Western Tradition, 37: The American Revolution and 38: The American Republic; Christianity as a World Religion: 1763-1803 (U of Edinburgh); and Atlantic World and American Revolution (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz). Optional: Tea, Taxes, and the American Revolution and Who Won the American Revolution? (Crash Course US History) [13 minutes each]; Causes of the American Revolution, The Road to Revolution (1700-1774), The American Revolution (1775-1783), Effects of the American Revolution, and The Making of a New Nation (1776-1800) (Education Portal); The American Revolution (McGraw-Hill Interactive Map); LecturePoint: U.S. History, 6: Toward Revolution and Independence (1750-1783) and 7: Origins of the Constitution (Cengage); Triangular Trade Routes (Houghton Mifflin); Liberty! The American Revolution (PBS); A Biography of America, 4: The Coming of Independence and 5: A New System of Government (Annenberg Media); Learn about the American Revolution Map traces the major campaigns in shorter [5 minutes] and longer versions [8 minutes] (Life Videopedia); The American Revolution, 1775-1781 (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Maps); Revolutionary War Animated Maps (History Animated); The American Revolution (Mapping History); and The American Revolution (Norton iMaps).
Declaration of Independence (1776) -- Interactive John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: The Declaration of Independence: Text, Signers and Legacy (Education Portal); Declaring Independence: Drafting the Documents (Library of Congress); and Trumbull (Architect of the Capital: Exploring Capital Hill).
Constitution (1789) -- The Ratification of the Constitution, 1787-1790 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: The Constitution, the Articles, and Federalism (Crash Course US History) [13 minutes]; The US Constitution: Preamble, Articles and Amendments and The Bill of Rights: The Constitution's First 10 Amendments (Education Portal); Constitutionalism (Mapping History); Creating the United States (Library of Congress); Ratification of the Constitution (Norton iMaps); and Checks and Balances (Prentice-Hall).
Architecture -- Monticello and University of Virginia (Essential Architecture). Optional: Mr. Jefferson's Village (Ashley Hicks); The Architecture of Thomas Jefferson (Digital Imaging Project); Thomas Jefferson and Neoclassical Architecture in America (Saylor Foundation) [8 minutes]; Monticello and the University of Virginia, Virginia (UNESCO World Heritage Sites); Thomas Jefferson: The Education of an Architect (Archiving Early America); Monticello (home page); The Architecture of Thomas Jefferson (UVA); and Thomas Jefferson Memorial (Essential Architecture).
WASHINGTON -- And study at least one image.
Houdon -- Rediscovering an American Icon: Houdon's Washington (1785-88) (Colonial Williamsburg).
Charles Willson Peale -- George Washington after the Battle of Princeton (1780): MMOA and The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Optional: Staircase Group (Portrait of Raphaelle Peale and Titian Ramsay Peale) (1795) (Smarthistory).
John Trumbull -- General George Washington at Trenton (1792).
FRENCH REVOLUTION: Republic
REVOLUTION -- The Western Tradition, 39: The Death of the Old Regime and 40: The French Revolution [watch through minute 13.00]; The French Revolution (Crash Course World History) [12 minutes]; and the La Marseillaise (French national anthem): lyrics and Casablanca scene (1942) [3 minutes]. Optional: The French Revolution (Norton iMaps); The French Revolution: Lectures 11-15 (The History Guide); The Causes of the French Revolution: Economic & Social Conditions, The National Assembly of France, and The Reign of Terror in the French Revolution (Educational Portal); The French Revolution (Khan Academy); The Reign of Terror (Prentice-Hall: Interactive Map); French Revolution (The Open University); The French Revolution: The Summer of 1789 and the Origins of the French Revolution, The Order of the Day-Terror in the French Revolution, 1792-1794, and The Wars of the French Revolution, 1792-1799 (Wadsworth Modules); The French Revolution in 23 minutes (HipHughesHistory); and Dior to fund Versailles makeover (The Art Newspaper 2013).
FRENCH REVOLUTION: Empire
EMPIRE -- The Western Tradition, 40: The French Revolution [begin at minute 13.00]; Napoleon's Empire (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); and Europe and the Superior Being: Napoleon (The History Guide). Optional: Napoleon Bonaparte: Rise to Power and Early Reforms, The Napoleonic Empire: Military & Economic Expansion, and The Fall of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna (Education Portal); Napoleonic Europe, 1799-1812, Napoleon’s Empire in 1812, and Russian Campaign of 1812 (McGraw-Hill); The French Revolution and Napoleon (Norton iMaps); Napoleon (Khan Academy); French Quest for European Hegemony, 1792-1808, The French Revolution: Napoleonic Europe, and Napoleon’s Russian Campaign, 1812 (Wadsworth Modules); The Napoleonic Wars (EmperorTigerstar); and Napoleon (PBS), using Goya's paintings and drawings.
THE ART OF NAPOLEON -- The Art of the Western World, 6: An Age of Reason, An Age of Passion [minute 21.30 to 28.15]; The rise, the glory, the fall: the Empire seen through the eyes of great artists; and Arch de Triomph (Essential Architecture). Optional: Napoleonic Paintings (BBC/Open University); Arc de Triomphe and The Louvre Museum (Essential Architecture); and Who’s Who in Portraits 2: Napoleon and French Rulers (Abrahams).
And study the red art works and at least one other below:
Antoine-Jean Gros -- Optional: WebMuseum.
Antonio Canova -- Optional: biography (WGA).
Francisco Goya -- Optional: WebMuseum.
Portrait of the Duke of Wellington (1812) -- WGA.
The Third of May, 1808 (1814) -- WGA; Smarthistory; and How to Look at a Work of Art: Third of May, 1808, Francisco de Goya: description, interpretation, and Art-Formal Analysis [4 minutes]. Optional: Art History Abbreviated [3 minutes]; Gio's Paint Brush [8 minutes]; Goya's 3rd Of May 1808 (BBC: Private Life Of A Masterpiece) [46 minutes]; Learner: Art Through Time; Sister Wendy's Grand Tour, 7: Madrid: Goya, Third of May and The Colossus (1996) [minute 5.52-8.46]; Los desastres de la guerra (1810-1815) (WGA); and Goya’s 2nd May, 1808 (1814), Behind Goya's Eyes, 2nd May, 1808 (1814), Goya’s Disasters of War (c.1810-15), Goya and Dix's Scenes of Execution, Disasters of War (c. 1810-15) and Inside Goya's Eye (Abrahams).
INDUSTRIALISM -- The Western Tradition, 41: The Industrial Revolution and 42: The Industrial World; Coal, Steam, and the Industrial Revolution (Crash Course World History) [11 minutes]; and Why the Industrial Revolution happened in Britain (BBC). Optional: The Origins of the Industrial Revolution in England (The History Guide); The Workshop of the World (BBC); The Day the World Took Off: The Roots of the Industrial Revolution: information and six films [50 minutes each]; Industrial Europe, c. 1850 (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz); The First Industrial Revolution and The Industrialization of Europe around 1850 (Norton iMaps); Industrial Europe ca. 1850 (McGraw-Hill); and World History: The Industrial Revolution (Hip Hughes History) [27 minutes].
Population -- European Population Growth and Relocation, 1820-1900 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations) and Growth of Cities 1500-1800 (McGraw-Hill: Palmer).
Railways -- Extension of the European Railroads, 1840-1880 (Wadsworth Modules) and . Optional: Full steam ahead: J. M. W. Turner's Rain, Steam and Speed - The Great Western Railway (The Guardian: The Story of British Art).
SLAVE TRADE -- The Atlantic Slave Trade (Crash Course World History) [11 minutes]; The Slave Trade, c. 1450-1800 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); Josiah Wedgwood, Anti-slavery Medallion (1787, British Museum); and J. M. W. Turner, Slave Ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On) (1840) (Smarthistory). Optional: The African Slave Trade, 1440-1867 (Norton iMaps); African Slave Trade, c. 1780 (McGraw-Hill); British Anti-slavery (BBC); and The Anti-Slavery Campaign in Britain (The Victorian Web).
BEETHOVEN (German) -- Ludwig Beethoven (BBC: The Mark Steel Lectures) [30 minutes]. Optional: The Genius of Beethoven [2 hours] and Gustav Klimt's Beethoven Frieze (1902) (Smarthistory).
The Ninth Symphony (1824) -- Instrument Families of the Orchestra: String, Woodwind, Brass & Percussion (Education Portal); The Ninth Symphony (Multimedia Beethoven Online Encyclopaedia); Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, text and audio [8.30 minutes] (NPR's Performance Today: Milestones of the Millennium); and the final moments of the 4th movement of Bernstein's historic presentation of the 9th Symphony (1989).
And study at least three of the following artists:
BERLIOZ (French) -- Hector Berlioz, Symphonie fantastique (1830): information (Wikipedia) and 5th movement: Songe d'une Nuit de Sabbat [10 minutes]. Optional: Music Fueled by Desire (San Francisco Symphony Orchestra's Keeping Score) and Symphonie Fantastique (The Hector Berlioz Website).
CHOPIN (Polish) -- Fryderyk Chopin, Sonata No. 2 in B-flat Minor, Op. 35, 3rd movement: Funeral March (1839) -- information (BBC and Wikipedia) and performance [9.30 minutes].
LISZT (Austrian) -- Franz Liszt (BBC), Trois études de concert, No. 3: Un sospiro ("A sigh," 1845-49) [4.30 minutes]. Optional: Three Concert Études (Wikipedia).
TCHAIKOVSKY (Russian) -- Pytor Ilyich Tchaikovsky, 1812 Overture (1880): information (Wikipedia) and performance [15 minutes].
WAGNER (German) -- Richard Wagner, Ride of the Valkyries (1870): information (Wikipedia); performances: BBC Orchestra [10 minutes] and Apocalypse Now [4 minutes]; and Pierre Auguste Renoir, Richard Wagner (1882). Optional: Synopsis (The Metropolitan Opera) and What's Opera, Doc? [7 minutes].
NATIONALISM -- The Western Tradition, 44: The Age of the Nation States. Optional: Major Nationalities of Eastern Europe, 1800-1914 (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); European Language Groups, c. 1850 and Europe, 1871 (McGraw-Hill); and Centers of Industry, 1871 (Prentice-Hall); European Colonies in Latin America (McGraw-Hill); and The Age of Ideologies (3): The World of Auguste Comte (The History Guide).
'MURICA -- U. S. Expansion (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); Westward Expansion (1790-1861) (The Map as History); and The Lewis and Clark Expedition: Then and Now (Vizual Statistix). Optional: Westward trails Oregon and Santa Fe (The Map as History); Territorial Growth of the U.S., 1810-1920 (Wikipedia); LecturePoint: U.S. History, 15: Civil War (1861-1865) (Cengage); The Election of 1860 & the Road to Disunion, The Civil War, Part I, The Civil War, Part II, and Battles of the Civil War (Crash Course US History) [8-14 minutes each]; American Civil War (1861-1865) and Reconstruction (1865-1877) (Education Portal); The Civil War and Ramifications of the Civil War (U. of California); American Civil War (McGraw-Hill); A Biography of America, 11: The Civil War (Annenberg Media); Slavery and Emancipation (McGraw-Hill): see "In Motion" for five maps; Territorial Expansion of the United States 1783-1853 and The U.S. Civil War, Parts I and II (Mapping History); The Civil War, 1860-1865 (HippoCampus); The Civil War active maps (Alan Brinkley); The American Civil War (US Military Academy); A New Birth of Freedom (1861-1865 and Reconstruction (1865-1877) (Norton iMaps); The Civil Wars: 150 Years (National Part Service); and Battle of Gettysburg Animated Map (Civil War Trust).
And study at least one artwork:
Horatio Greenough, Washington as Zeus (1840) -- Washington as Zeus (1840). Optional: Smithsonian Legacies; Art History Abbreviated [3 minutes]; Worst Statue of George Washington Ever (When Art History Goes BAD); The Colossal Zeus Statue of Pheidias (Lahanas); and Man is the Measure of All Things (Farber).
Washington Crossing the Delaware (1851) -- Smarthistory and MMOA interactive. Optional: Picturing America; What's wrong with this painting? (Washington Crossing Historic Park); Emanuel Leutze's Symbolic Scene of Washington Crossing the Delaware (Edsitement); and Teen Screens: "Kremlin America" (MMOA) [3.30 minutes].
Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way (1862) -- Explore Capital Hill (Architect of the Capital). Optional: Westward Expansion: Leutze video (Smithsonian Source: Resources for Teaching American History).
Constantino Brumidi, The Apotheosis of Washington (1865) -- Explore Capital Hill (Architect of the Capital). Optional: The Apotheosis of Washington: Brumidi's Fresco & Beyond (UVA); Frieze of American History (1978-1953) and Brumidi Corridors (Architect of the Capital: Explore Capital Hill); and U.S. Capital (Essential Architecture).
ITALY -- Unification of Italy and Germany (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations) and The Vittoriano: Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II (Essential Architecture). Optional: Nation Building, 1848-1870: Italy, Germany and Comparative Examples and Unification of Italy (Wadsworth Modules); Risorgimento Italiano (Italian Unification) (EmperorTigerstar); Unification of Italy (McGraw-Hill); Italian Unification and German Unification, 1815-1871 (Norton iMaps); The Unification of Italy (Pearson); Unifying Italy (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); Italian Unification (Amit Mendelsohn); History of Italy: Towards the nation state and Kingdom of Italy (HistoryWorld); and Italian satirical map of Europe, 1870 (imgur).
Giuseppe Verdi, Nabucco: Va, pensiero (Fly, Thought, 1842) -- Verdi's "theme music" for Italian unification, skipping the video (NPR) and performance [5.30 minutes]; and The Top 10 Politically-Charged Moments in Verdi's Operas (WQXR: Operavore). Optional: Va, pensiero (Wikipedia).
GERMANY -- Unification of Germany (McGraw-Hill); Anton von Werner's The Imperial Coronation of Wilhelm I in Versailles on January 18, 1871 (Wikipedia); and Siegessaeule Victory Column Goldelse (1864, Berlin) and Basilica of the Sacré Cœur (1876-1912, Montmartre, Paris) (Essential Architecture). Optional: Unification of Germany (Wadsworth Modules); Forging an Empire: Bismarckian Germany (1866-1890) (German History in Documents and Images); The Franco-Prussian War and The Unification of Germany (EmperorTigerstar); History of Germany: 19th century and 1871-1914 (HistoryWorld); Unification of Germany, 1865-1871 (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); The Unification of Germany (Wadsworth); Imperial Germany, 1871 (Bereznay); The German Question, 1815-1871 and Unification of Germany (McGraw-Hill); The Road to National Unification (Raffael Scheck's notes for his lectures and book on Germany and Europe, 1871-1945); and Ecliptique: patrimoine 2: Sacre-Coeur, Paris.
ART -- Becoming Modern (Smarthistory) and The Art of the Western World, 7: A Fresh View -- Impressionism and Post-Impressionism [60 minutes]. Optional: Realism and Impressionism (NY Institute of Technology) and The Rise of Modernism: Art of the Later 19th Century (Online And study Guide for Gardner's Art through the Ages: The Western Perspective).
ARCHITECTURE -- Optional: Haussmann the Demolisher and the Creation of Modern Paris (Smarthistory); 19th C Technology and Architecture [15 minutes] and Paris during the 19th Century Baron Haussmann, Charles Garnier and Gustave Caillebotte [20 minutes] (Mencher). And study at least one building:
Neuschwanstein (1880, Germany) -- Essential Architecture.
The Reichstag (1884, Berlin) -- Essential Architecture.
Statue of Liberty (1884, NYC) -- Essential Architecture.
Eiffel Tower (1887, Paris) -- Essential Architecture.
Wainwright Building (1891, St. Louis, MO) -- Wikipedia.
Biltmore Estates (1895, Asheville, NC) -- Essential Architecture.
PHOTOGRAPHY -- Early Photography (Smarthistory). Optional: other photographers in Smarthistory and Photo Seed: early 19-20C photography.
And study the red art work, each ISM (art and music), and at least one artwork from each ISM:
REALISM --Optional: Realism in France 19th Century, Part 1: Daumier and Courbet (Mencher) [28 minutes].
Édouard Manet (French) -- WGA; Artble; and WebMuseum. Optional: other paintings at Smarthistory; and Realism in France in the 19th Century, Part 2: Manet (Mencher) [17.30 minutes].
Olympia (1863) -- WGA; Smarthistory; and Musée d'Orsay. Optional: Olympia (1863), Part 1 and Titian’s Venus (c.1548-9) and Manet’s Olympia (1863) (Abrahams).
IMPRESSIONISM -- The Art Story; Impressionism: Color in Art (Artyfactory); and Impressionism, How the Impressionists Got Their Name (Smarthistory). Optional: The First Impressionist Exhibition, 1874 (Artchive); WebMuseum; EyconArt; The Impressionists with Tim Marlow [60 minutes]; Impressionism: A Circle of Friends (WetCanvas); Waldemar Januszczak: The Impressionists (BBC: Your Paintings) [6 minutes]; and The Impressionists (BBC: Richard Armitage).
Paris Street; Rainy Day (1877) -- Smarthistory and WGA. Optional: Art Institute of Chicago; The Annotated: Paris Street; Rainy Day (Chicago Magazine); and Gustave Caillebotte: Impressions of a Changing Paris (NPR).
Claude Monet (French) -- WGA; Other paintings at Smarthistory; Art History Abbreviated [4 minutes]; Art History in a Hurry [3 minutes]; Impressionism: Monet (Mencher) [26 minutes]; WebMuseum; MMOA; Monet 2010 Exhibition: User Journey (84paris); Living Color: Claude Monet and Monet's Finish: Claude Monet: Late Work (Haber); Color: Warm & Cool and Linear & Aerial Perspective (The Minneapolis Museum of Art); and Monet's Houses of Parliament, London (Gio's Paint Brush) [6.30 minutes].
Water Lilies (1918-26) -- Smarthistory.
Berthe Morisot (French) -- WGA.
POST-IMPRESSIONISM -- The Art Story and Post Impressionism: The Roots of Modern Art (Artyfactory).
Paul Cézanne (French) -- WGA. Optional: Artble; other paintings at Smarthistory and WGA; Paul Cézanne: The Château at Médan (1880) (Artyfactory); Art History in a Hurry [3.30 minutes] and 19th C Post Impressionism Cezanne (Mencher) [11 minutes].
The Red Rock (c. 1895) -- Smarthistory.
The Large Bathers (1906) -- Artble and Smarthistory. Optional: The Bather (1885-86) and Bathers (London, c. 1894-1905) (Smarthistory); and Sister Wendy's Grand Tour, 8: Paris: Cezanne, The Bathers (1994) [through minute 3.22].
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French) -- WGA.
Self-Portraits -- Vincent van Gogh: A History in Self Portraits (Artyfactory); Vincent van Gogh: Self-Portraits (WebMuseum); Who am I? Self-Portraits in Art and Writing (National Gallery of Art); and Van Gogh, Self-Portrait Dedicated to Paul Gauguin (Smarthistory and WGA). Optional: Self-Portraits in Chronological Order (WGA); Self-Portraits (Vincent van Gogh Gallery); The Self-Portraits (Vincent); Van Gogh Self-Portrait (1887, DIA) [3 minutes] and Portraits: Van Gogh and Whistler [4.30 minutes] (Detroit Institute of Art); Van Gogh's Letters (WebExhibit); Doctor My Eyes: Cézanne to van Gogh: The Collection of Dr. Gachet and The Passion Without the Color: Vincent van Gogh: The Drawings (Haber); and Margaret Drabble on Vincent van Gogh: 'It is a hard road ahead and he knows it' (The Guardian).
Starry Night (1888) -- Musée d'Orsay.
Starry Night (1889) -- MMOA; Artble; and Artyfactory. Optional: A Brief Understanding of Three Starry Nights (The Vincent van Gogh Gallery); Van Gogh's Starry Night recreated in dominoes - video (Guardian) [2 minutes]; WGA; Google Art; and Vincent.
MUSIC: Impressionist -- And study at least one musical piece:
Gymnopédies (1888) -- information (Wikipedia) and Blood, Sweat and Tears, Variations on a Theme By Erik Satie (1st and 2nd Movements) (1968) [1 minute], from the full Gymnopédies [9 minutes].
Claude Debussy (French) -- Debussy's Paris: Art, Music, & Sounds of the City (Smith College Museum of Art).
TOLSTOY, I -- The Western Tradition, 45: A New Public; Garnier's Paris Opéra and Carpeaux's Dance (Smarthistory); Leo Tolstoy (Books and Writers); and Images of Tolstoy. Optional: The Last Station (2009): review (Roger Ebert); Tolstoy (BBC: In Our Time) [45-minute audio].
Ilya Repin -- The Peredvizhniki (The Wanderers) and Krestny Khod (Religious Procession) in Kursk Gubernia (1880-83) (Smarthistory); Ilya Repin, Portrait of Leo Tolstoy and Barge Haulers on the Volga (Wikipedia). Optional: Nineteenth-Century Russian Art: "Ideological Realism" (Dartmouth College).
TOLSTOY, II -- Tolstoy's estate at Yasnaya Polyana (Wikipedia); Leo Tolstoy at Yasnaya Polyana [2 minutes]; and The Big Read Promo [6 minutes]. Optional: The Art of Russia, II: Roads to Revolution (BBC: Andrew Graham-Dixon) [60 minutes].
DOSTOEVSKY -- The Western Tradition, 46: Fin de Siècle; Mass Society in an "Age of Progress," 1874-1891 timeline; Dostoevsky (Books and Writers); Fyodor Dostoyevsky - Peter Ustinov (Peter Ustinov's Russia, Vol. 4: Dissent, 1986) [7 minutes]; and Monty Python: The Spanish Inquisition [9 minutes]. Optional: The Soviet film of The Brothers Karamazov (1969) curiously substitutes another story for Dostoevsky's original "The Grand Inquisitor" scene [8 minutes]; The Grand Inquisitor: a clever short story drawing loosely on Dostoevsky's parable [22 minutes]; and The Existentialist Frame of Mind (The History Guide).
MUSIC: Modest Mussorgsky
Pictures at an Exhibition (1874), orchestrated by Maurice Ravel (1922) -- information (Good Music Guide) and performance: "Promenade" (Alan Gampel, 2011) [to minute 1.30 of the 20-minute session for the opening movement]. Optional: full performances: London Philharmonia Orchestra (1964) [33 minutes] and Emerson, Lake, and Palmer's live performance (1971): visual ("Promenade" and "The Gnome") and recording [44 minutes].
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