MODERN WESTERN WORLD, II: Revolutions
THEME: The European Age of Revolutions begins in the British colonies (1763-89).
REVOLUTION -- Who Won the American Revolution? (Crash Course US History) [13 minutes] and The Western Tradition, 37: The American Revolution and 38: The American Republic; and Atlantic World and American Revolution (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz). Optional: Tea, Taxes, and the American Revolution (Crash Course US History) [13 minutes]; The American Revolution (1775-1783) (Education Portal); Christianity as a World Religion: 1763-1803 (U of Edinburgh); and the American Revolution section of 'murican History (WebBooks).
Declaration of Independence (1776) -- Interactive John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: The Declaration of Independence: Text, Signers and Legacy (Education Portal); Declaring Independence: Drafting the Documents (Library of Congress); and Trumbull (Architect of the Capital: Exploring Capital Hill).
Constitution (1789) -- The Ratification of the Constitution, 1787-1790 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: The Constitution, the Articles, and Federalism (Crash Course US History) [13 minutes]; Charles Willson Peale, James Madison (c. 1792); and the Constitution section of 'murican History (WebBooks).
And study the red items and at least one other buildings or art work:
Charles Willson Peale, Thomas Jefferson (1791) -- National Portrait Gallery.
Jefferson's Architecture -- The Architecture of Thomas Jefferson (Digital Imaging Project); Thomas Jefferson and Neoclassical Architecture in America (Saylor Foundation) [8 minutes]; Monticello and the University of Virginia, Virginia (UNESCO World Heritage Sites); Thomas Jefferson: The Education of an Architect (Archiving Early America); The Architecture of Thomas Jefferson (UVA); and Thomas Jefferson Memorial (Essential Architecture).
WASHINGTON -- The Republic Personified: Symbols of the American Nation, 1765-1820: George Washington (Wadsworth: American History Unbound).
Jean-Antoine Houdon -- Smarthistory and Rediscovering an American Icon: Houdon's Washington (1785-88) (Colonial Williamsburg).
John Trumbull -- General George Washington at Trenton (1792).
CHARLES WILLSON PEALE
The Artist in His Museum (1822) -- Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and Charles Willson Peale: The Man in Front of the Curtain (Smithsonian American Art Museum).
THEME: The Age of Revolutions explodes in France (1789-99).
REVOLUTION -- The French Revolution (Crash Course World History) [12 minutes] and The Western Tradition, 39: The Death of the Old Regime and 40: The French Revolution [watch through minute 13.00]. Optional: The French Revolution: Lectures 11-15 (The History Guide); The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte (1780-1815) (Education Portal); The French Revolution (Khan Academy); French Revolution (The Open University); French Revolution Teaching Pack (UCL Art Museum); and Dior to fund Versailles makeover (The Art Newspaper 2013).
Declaration of the Rights
of Man and Citizen (1789) --
The French Revolution:
The Summer of 1789 and the Origins of the French Revolution:
"Setting," "Maps: Paris and France," and
"A Fateful Year: August 26"
The Terror (1792-94) -- The Order of the Day-Terror in the French Revolution, 1792-1794: "Setting" and "Maps: Paris and France" (Wadsworth Modules). Optional: The Reign of Terror in the French Revolution (Educational Portal) and The Reign of Terror (Prentice-Hall: Interactive Map).
Wars (1792-99) -- The Wars of the French Revolution, 1792-1799 and French Quest for European Hegemony, 1792-1808: 1792-93 (Wadsworth Modules); and La Marseillaise (French national anthem): lyrics and Casablanca scene (1942) [3 minutes]. Optional: The First French Republic, 1792-1799 (Pearson Active Maps) and France and its Sister Republics, 1791-1799 (Norton iMaps).
THEME: The French Revolution morphs into a more powerful political absolutism under Napoleon (1799-1815).
EMPIRE -- The Western Tradition, 40: The French Revolution [begin at minute 13.00]; Napoleon's Empire (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); and Europe and the Superior Being: Napoleon (The History Guide). Optional: The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte (1780-1815) (Education Portal); Napoleon (Khan Academy); and Napoleon (PBS), using Goya's paintings and drawings.
Expansion -- The French Revolution: Napoleonic Europe: "Setting: A Whiff of Grape-Shot," and "Napoleon & Europe: The Reformer, The Conqueror, and The Dictator" (Wadsworth Modules). Optional: Napoleon Bonaparte: Rise to Power and Early Reforms and The Napoleonic Empire: Military & Economic Expansion (Education Portal); French Quest for European Hegemony, 1792-1808 (Wadsworth Modules); Napoleonic Europe, 1799-1812 and Napoleon’s Empire in 1812 (McGraw-Hill); The Napoleonic Wars (EmperorTigerstar); and Napoleon's Empire at its Height (Norton iMaps).
Contraction -- The French Revolution: Napoleonic Europe: "Napoleon & Europe: Decline and Fall" and "Maps: Invasion of Russia and Seventh Coalition 1815" (Wadsworth Modules). Optional: The Fall of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna (Education Portal); Napoleon’s Russian Campaign, 1812 (Wadsworth Modules); Russian Campaign of 1812 (McGraw-Hill); and Europe 1815, after the Congress of Vienna (Pearson Active Maps).
THE ART OF NAPOLEON -- The Art of the Western World, 6: An Age of Reason, An Age of Passion [minute 29.00-40.35]; The rise, the glory, the fall: the Empire seen through the eyes of great artists; and Arch de Triomph (Essential Architecture). Optional: Napoleonic Paintings (The Open University); Arc de Triomphe and The Louvre Museum (Essential Architecture); La Madeleine (A View on Cities); and Who’s Who in Portraits 2: Napoleon and French Rulers (Abrahams).
And study the red art works and at least one other below:
Antoine-Jean Gros (French) -- WebMuseum.
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (French)
Antonio Canova (French) -- Optional: biography (WGA).
Francisco Goya (Spanish) -- WebMuseum. Optional: WGA; Francisco de Goya (1746-1828) and the Spanish Enlightenment (MMOA); Exile on Main Street: Goya's Last Works (Haber); and Goya's Self-Portrait with Dr. Arrieta (The Minneapolis Museum of Arts).
The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters (1799) -- etching and Los Caprichos (1797-1799) (WGA); and 'The sleep of reason produces monsters,' plate from Los Caprichos, 1799 etching (The Fitzwilliam Museum)
Portrait of the Duke of Wellington (1812) -- WGA.
The Third of May, 1808 (1814) -- WGA; Smarthistory; and How to Look at a Work of Art: Third of May, 1808, Francisco de Goya: description, interpretation, and Art-Formal Analysis [4 minutes]. Optional: Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (1746-1828) and the Disasters of War (David Hart); Art History Abbreviated [3 minutes]; Gio's Paint Brush [8 minutes]; Goya's 3rd Of May 1808 (BBC: Private Life Of A Masterpiece) [46 minutes]; Learner: Art Through Time; Sister Wendy's Grand Tour, 7: Madrid: Goya, Third of May and The Colossus (1996) [minute 5.52-8.46]; and Goya’s 2nd May, 1808 (1814), Behind Goya's Eyes, 2nd May, 1808 (1814), and Inside Goya's Eye (Abrahams).
The Disasters of War (1810-15) -- WGA. Optional: Goya’s Disasters of War (c.1810-15) and Goya and Dix's Scenes of Execution, Disasters of War (c. 1810-15) (Abrahams).
Saturn Devouring One of His Sons (1821-23) -- Smarthistory; "Black Paintings" in the Quinta del Sordo (1820-1823) (WGA); and Artchive.
THEME: Underneath the political turmoil, the Industrial Revolution fundamentally changes the economic and material world (18C-19C).
INDUSTRIALISM -- Coal, Steam, and the Industrial Revolution (Crash Course World History) [11 minutes]; The Western Tradition, 41: The Industrial Revolution and 42: The Industrial World; Why the Industrial Revolution happened in Britain (BBC); and Industrialization of Europe by 1914 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: Industrialization: Innovation, Networks, and Variation, 1800-1920 (Wadsworth: World History Unbound); The Industrial Revolution (The History Guide); Causes of the First Industrial Revolution (Education Portal); The Workshop of the World (BBC); The Industrial Revolution (Modern World History: Interactive Textbook); The Day the World Took Off: The Roots of the Industrial Revolution: information and six films [50 minutes each]; Industrial Revolution (Modern History Sourcebook); Britain before and after the Industrial Revolution: 1700 and 1911 (McGraw-Hill); Industry in Great Britain by 1850 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); Industry in Europe, 1870 (McDougal Littell: Animated History); Industrial Europe, c. 1850 (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz); The First Industrial Revolution, The First Industrial Nation, The Industrial Revolution, and The Industrialization of Europe around 1850 (Norton iMaps); AD Classics: The Crystal Palace / Joseph Paxton (ArchDaily); and Industrial Europe ca. 1850 (McGraw-Hill).
Study the required items in each main section and at least two works total from any of the bulleted items:
WORKERS -- Growth of Cities 1500-1800 (McGraw-Hill: Palmer) and European Population Growth and Relocation, 1820-1900 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: Migration in World History, 1840-1920 (Wadsworth: World History Unbound).
Lewis Hine -- Child Labor in North Carolina's Textile Mills (Learn NC Multimedia). Optional: Child Labor in America, 1908-1912 (The History Place); Teaching With Documents: Photographs of Lewis Hine: Documentation of Child Labor (National Archives); and Standing on a Box: Lewis Hine’s National Child Labor Committee Photography in Gaston County, 1908 (NC Humanities Council).
RAILWAYS -- Extension of the European Railroads, 1840-1880 (Wadsworth Modules) and Spread of Railways in 19th Century (Modern History Sourcebook). Optional: Railroads Link British Industries, c. 1850 (Holt, Rinehart & Winston).
. Optional: The Story of British Art (The Guardian).
SHIPS -- An Industrial Life: Isambard Kingdom Brunel, 1806-1859: "Setting," "Brunel's Ships: The Great Eastern," and "Conclusion" (Wadsworth: World History Unbound); and Robert Howett, Isambard Kingdom Brunel (Iconic Photos).
J. M. W. Turner, The Fighting Temeraire tugged to her Last Berth to be broken up (1838) -- WGA; National Gallery: beyond the National Gallery (London) details, follow these two links on the page: "The Greatest Painting in Britain" and "Special Features: Past Painting of the Month: Heroine of Trafalgar" (for several artistic details); and Smarthistory. Optional: Artble and Turner's Fighting Temeraire: Britain's journey from sail to steam (BBC).
William Parrott, The Great Eastern under Construction at Millwall on the Isle of Dogs (1857) -- Images of the Industrial Revolution in Britain (Laura Nichols);
SLAVE TRADE -- The Slave Trade, c. 1450-1800 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations) and The Atlantic Slave Trade (Crash Course World History) [11 minutes].. Optional: The African Slave Trade, 1440-1867 (Norton iMaps); British Anti-slavery (BBC); and Josiah Wedgwood, Anti-slavery Medallion (1787, British Museum).
THEME: The European Romantic movement interpreted musically (19C).
BEETHOVEN: Ludwig Beethoven -- Ludwig Beethoven (BBC: The Mark Steel Lectures) [30 minutes]. Optional: Eroica Symphony (San Francisco Symphony Orchestra: Keeping Score): PBS introduction, Explore, and video [56 minutes]; Listening Guide: Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 and Listening Guide: Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 (Paul Rissman) (Philharmonia Orchestra); and Gustav Klimt's Beethoven Frieze (1902) (Smarthistory).
The Ninth Symphony (1824) -- Instrument Families of the Orchestra: String, Woodwind, Brass & Percussion (Education Portal); The Ninth Symphony (Multimedia Beethoven Online Encyclopaedia); Beethoven's Symphony No. 9: text and audio [8.30 minutes] (NPR's Performance Today: Milestones of the Millennium); the final moments of the 4th movement of Bernstein's historic presentation of the 9th Symphony (1989); and Girl gives coin to street musician, epic flashmob ensues (MNN) [6 minutes].
And study at least one of the following artists:
BERLIOZ: Hector Berlioz (French) -- Symphonie fantastique (1830): information (Wikipedia) and 5th movement: Songe d'une Nuit de Sabbat [10 minutes]. Optional: Music Fueled by Desire (San Francisco Symphony Orchestra: Keeping Score); Listening Guide: Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique and Berlioz: Symphonie Fantastique Listening Guide (Philharmonia Orchestra); and Symphonie Fantastique (The Hector Berlioz Website).
CHOPIN: Fryderyk Chopin (Polish) -- Sonata No. 2 in B-flat Minor, Op. 35, 3rd movement: Funeral March (1839): information (BBC and Wikipedia) and performance [9.30 minutes].
LISZT: Franz Liszt (Hungarian) -- Franz Liszt (BBC), Trois études de concert, No. 3: Un sospiro ("A sigh," 1845-49) [4.30 minutes]. Optional: Three Concert Études (Wikipedia).
TCHAIKOVSKY: Pytor Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian) -- 1812 Overture (1880): information (Wikipedia) and performance [20 minutes].
WAGNER: Richard Wagner (German) -- Ride of the Valkyries (1870): information (Wikipedia); performance [5 minutes] and Apocalypse Now [4 minutes]; and Pierre Auguste Renoir, Richard Wagner (1882). Optional: Synopsis (The Metropolitan Opera) and What's Opera, Doc? [7 minutes].
THEME: The foundation of modern nation-states in 'murica, Germany, and Italy (mid-19C).
NATIONALISM -- The Western Tradition, 44: The Age of the Nation States. Optional: European Language Groups, c. 1850 and Europe, 1871 (McGraw-Hill)
'MURICA -- The Civil War, 1861-1865 (Brinkley). Optional: The Election of 1860 & the Road to Disunion, The Civil War, Part I, The Civil War, Part II, and Battles of the Civil War (Crash Course US History); American Civil War (1861-1865) and Reconstruction (1865-1877) (Education Portal); and the American Civil War section of 'murican History (WebBooks). And study at least one work:
Horatio Greenough, Washington as Zeus (1840) -- OGCMA. Optional: Smithsonian Legacies; Art History Abbreviated [3 minutes]; Worst Statue of George Washington Ever (When Art History Goes BAD); The Colossal Zeus Statue of Pheidias (Lahanas); and Man is the Measure of All Things (Farber).
Washington Crossing the Delaware (1851) -- Smarthistory and MMOA interactive. Optional: Picturing America; What's wrong with this painting? (Washington Crossing Historic Park); EDSITEment; and Teen Screens: "Kremlin America" (MMOA) [3.30 minutes].
Constantino Brumidi, The Apotheosis of Washington (1865) -- Explore Capital Hill (Architect of the Capital). Optional: The Apotheosis of Washington: Brumidi's Fresco & Beyond (UVA); Frieze of American History (1978-1953) and Brumidi Corridors (Architect of the Capital: Explore Capital Hill); and U.S. Capital (Essential Architecture).
The Lincoln Memorial (1922) -- Essential Architecture.
ITALY -- Unification of Italy and Germany (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); The Unification of Italy: Summary, Timeline & Leaders (Education Portal); and Unification of Italy (Wadsworth Modules). Optional: Unification of Italy (Pearson Active Maps); Risorgimento Italiano (Italian Unification) (EmperorTigerstar); Unification of Italy (McGraw-Hill); Italian Unification and German Unification, 1815-1871 (Norton iMaps); The Unification of Italy (Pearson); Unifying Italy (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); Italian Unification (Amit Mendelsohn); and Italian satirical map of Europe, 1870 (imgur). And study at least one work:
Music: Giuseppe Verdi, Nabucco: Va, pensiero (Fly, Thought, 1842) -- Verdi's "theme music" for Italian unification, skipping the video (NPR) and performance [5.30 minutes]; and The Top 10 Politically-Charged Moments in Verdi's Operas (WQXR: Operavore). Optional: Va, pensiero (Wikipedia).
Monuments -- The Vittoriano: Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II (Essential Architecture).
GERMANY -- The Unification of Germany: Summary, Timeline & Events (Education Portal); Unification of Germany (Wadsworth Modules); and Nation Building, 1848-1870: Italy, Germany and Comparative Examples: study "Setting: Art and Unification" and "Comparisons: U.S. Civil War" (Wadsworth: History Unbound). Optional: Forging an Empire: Bismarckian Germany (1866-1890) (German History in Documents and Images); The Road to National Unification (Scheck); The German Question, 1815-1871 and Unification of Germany (McGraw-Hill); The Unification of Germany (Wadsworth); The Franco-Prussian War and The Unification of Germany (EmperorTigerstar); Imperial Germany, 1871 (Bereznay); and Unification of Germany, 1865-1871 (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour). And study at least one work:
Siegessaeule Victory Column Goldelse (1864, Berlin).
Troops Parade Down the Champs Élysée in Paris (01 March 1871).
Troops Parade through the Brandenburg Gate (16 June 1871).
Neuschwanstein (1880) -- Essential Architecture.
The Reichstag (1884, Berlin) -- Essential Architecture.
REALISM and IMPRESSIONISM
THEME: Emerging artistic movements challenge political capitalism (19C).
ART -- Becoming Modern (Smarthistory) and The Art of the Western World, 7: A Fresh View -- Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, Part I [until minute 28.23]. Optional: The Rise of Modernism: Art of the Later 19th Century (Online And study Guide for Gardner's Art through the Ages: The Western Perspective).
And study the main topics below (Photography, Realism, and Impressionism), the art work(s) in red, and at least three other art works by at least two different artists:
PHOTOGRAPHY -- Early Photography (Smarthistory). Optional: other photographers in Smarthistory and Photo Seed: early 19-20C photography.
REALISM --Optional: Realism in France 19th Century, Part 1: Daumier and Courbet (Mencher) [28 minutes].
Rosa Bonheur (French) -- WGA.
Honoré Daumier (French) -- WGA and Artble. Optional: Honoré Daumier (1808-1879): Satirist of French and Prussian Militarism (David Hart).
Édouard Manet (French) -- WGA; Artble; and WebMuseum. Optional: Realism in France in the 19th Century, Part 2: Manet (Mencher) [17.30 minutes]; Manet and Modernité and Manet and the Impressionists (Art History Unstuffed).
Olympia (1863) -- WGA; Smarthistory; and Musée d'Orsay. Optional: Olympia (1863), Part 1 and Titian’s Venus (c.1548-9) and Manet’s Olympia (1863) (Abrahams); and Manet and the Nude (Art History Unstuffed).
In the Conservatory (1878-79) -- Smarthistory.
IMPRESSIONISM -- The Art Story; Impressionism: Color in Art (Artyfactory) and How the Impressionists Got Their Name (Smarthistory). Optional: The First Impressionist Exhibition, 1874 (Artchive); WebMuseum; EyconArt; The Impressionists with Tim Marlow [60 minutes]; Impressionism: A Circle of Friends (WetCanvas); Waldemar Januszczak: The Impressionists (BBC: Your Paintings) [6 minutes]; and The Impressionists (BBC: Richard Armitage).
Gustave Caillebotte (French) -- WGA.
Paris Street; Rainy Day (1877) -- Art Institute of Chicago; Smarthistory; and WGA. Optional: The Annotated: Paris Street; Rainy Day (Chicago Magazine); and Gustave Caillebotte: Impressions of a Changing Paris (NPR).
Claude Monet (French) -- WGA; Art History Abbreviated [4 minutes]; Art History in a Hurry [3 minutes]; Impressionism: Monet (Mencher) [26 minutes]; WebMuseum; MMOA; Monet 2010 Exhibition: User Journey (84paris); Living Color: Claude Monet and Monet's Finish: Claude Monet: Late Work (Haber); Color: Warm & Cool and Linear & Aerial Perspective (The Minneapolis Museum of Art); The Impressionists: Monet (The Great Artists) [45 minutes]; and Monet's Houses of Parliament, London (Gio's Paint Brush) [6.30 minutes].
Water Lilies (1918-26) -- Smarthistory.
Berthe Morisot (French) -- WGA.
POST-IMPRESSIONISM and IMPERIALISM
THEME: Art and conquest in the age of European imperialism before World War I (1914).
POST-IMPRESSIONISM -- The Art Story; Post Impressionism: The Roots of Modern Art (Artyfactory); and The Art of the Western World, 7: A Fresh View -- Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, Part II [minutes 28.23-55.10]. And study at least four art works by at least three different artists:
Paul Cézanne (French) -- WGA. Optional: Artble; WGA; Paul Cézanne: The Château at Médan (1880) (Artyfactory); Art History in a Hurry [3.30 minutes]; and 19th C Post Impressionism Cezanne (Mencher) [11 minutes].
The Red Rock (c. 1895) -- Smarthistory.
Mont Sainte-Victoire (1902-04) -- Smarthistory.
The Large Bathers (1906) -- Artble and Smarthistory. Optional: The Bather (1885-86) and Bathers (London, c. 1894-1905) (Smarthistory); and Sister Wendy's Grand Tour, 8: Paris: Cezanne, The Bathers (1994) [through minute 3.22].
WebMuseum. Optional: Paul Gauguin (Mencher) [17 minutes]; Tate Gallery [14 minutes]; Gauguin: Maker of Myth (Graham-Dixon); Paul Gauguin (Art History Unstuffed); and Private Life of a Masterpiece: Gauguin (BBC) [49 minutes].(French)
The Thinker (1880-1919) -- Rodin Museum Philadelphia.
19th C Post Impressionism Seurat (Mencher) [11.30 minutes].(French) Optional:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French) -- WGA.
Vincent van Gogh (Dutch) -- WGA and Artble. Optional: Vincent van Gogh (Mencher) [26.30 minutes]; Van Gogh (BBC: The Power Of Art) [60 minutes]; and Sister Wendy's Grand Tour, 4: Amsterdam: Van Gogh (1994) [minute 6.43-9.20].
Self-Portraits -- Vincent van Gogh: A History in Self Portraits (Artyfactory); Vincent van Gogh: Self-Portraits (WebMuseum); Who am I? Self-Portraits in Art and Writing (NGA); and Van Gogh, Self-Portrait Dedicated to Paul Gauguin (Smarthistory and WGA). Optional: Self-Portraits in Chronological Order (WGA); Self-Portraits (Vincent van Gogh Gallery); The Self-Portraits (Vincent); Van Gogh's Letters (WebExhibit); Doctor My Eyes: Cézanne to van Gogh: The Collection of Dr. Gachet and The Passion Without the Color: Vincent van Gogh: The Drawings (Haber); and Margaret Drabble on Vincent van Gogh: 'It is a hard road ahead and he knows it' (The Guardian).
Starry Night (1888) -- Musée d'Orsay.
Starry Night (1889) -- MMOA; Artble; and Artyfactory. Optional: A Brief Understanding of Three Starry Nights (The Vincent van Gogh Gallery); Van Gogh's Starry Night recreated in dominoes - video (Guardian) [2 minutes]; WGA; Google Art; and Vincent.
ARCHITECTURE -- Optional: 19th C Technology and Architecture [15 minutes] and Paris during the 19th Century Baron Haussmann, Charles Garnier and Gustave Caillebotte [20 minutes] (Mencher). Study at least one building:
Opera House (1875, Paris) -- AD Classics (ArchDaily).
Statue of Liberty (1884, NYC) -- Essential Architecture.
Wainwright Building (1891, St. Louis, MO) -- AD Classics (ArchDaily).
Biltmore Estates (1895, Asheville, NC) -- Essential Architecture.
MUSIC: Impressionist -- Study at least one musical piece:
Gymnopédies (1888) -- information (Wikipedia) and Blood, Sweat and Tears, Variations on a Theme By Erik Satie (1st and 2nd Movements) (1968) [1 minute], from the full Gymnopédies [9 minutes].
Claude Debussy (French) -- Debussy's Paris: Art, Music, & Sounds of the City (Smith College Museum of Art).
Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (1894) -- information (Wikipedia) and performance [13 minutes] (Leopold Stokowski and the London Symphony Orchestra). Optional: Listening Guide: Debussy's Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (Philharmonia Orchestra).
IMPERIALISM -- 19C Imperialism (Crash Course World History) [14 minutes]; The British Empire, Trading Routes and Construction and The Middle East at the Beginning of the 20th Century (The Map as History); and European Imperialism 1880-1900: Theory, Practice, Discourse (Wadsworth: History Unbound). Optional: Empire: Politics, Conquest, and Dissolution (1500-2000) (Wadsworth: World History Unbound); Beginning of World War I: Empires before World War I and German and Italian Empires in 1914 (Khan Academy); Imperialism (Modern World History: Interactive Textbook); and An Age of Modernity, Anxiety, and Imperialism, 1891-1914 timeline (Wadsworth).
Maps -- Imperialism, 1885-1975: "Africa: 1885-1914: The Scramble" (Wadsworth Modules) and Imperial Expansion in Africa to 1880 and Partition of Africa, 1880-1914 (Pearson Active Maps). Optional: Colonial Claims, 1900 (McDougal Littell: Chapter Maps); Nations and Empires, 1850-1914, Imperialism and Colonialism, 1870-1914, Fin de Siècle Europe, An Unsettled World, 1890-1914, Partition of Africa, 1880-1914 (Norton iMaps); Imperial Expansion in Africa to 1880 and Partition of Africa, 1880-1914 (Pearson); and The British Empire Maproom (Luascombe).
NOTE: For our last snow-change, please study the items in red for the combined Tolstoy I and II below:
THEME: Russian artists challenge Western European Isms (19C).
TOLSTOY -- Images of Tolstoy (The Voice of Russia's Global Discussion); The Big Read Promo [6 minutes]; The Western Tradition, 45: A New Public; Leo Tolstoy (Books and Writers); and Images of Tolstoy. Optional: The Last Station (2009): review (Roger Ebert); Tolstoy (BBC: In Our Time) [45-minute audio]; Tolstoy's estate at Yasnaya Polyana (Wikipedia); Leo Tolstoy at Yasnaya Polyana [2 minutes].
lILA REPIN -- The Peredvizhniki (The Wanderers). Optional: Russian Painting during the Age of Romanticism and Nineteenth-Century Russian Art: "Ideological Realism" (Dartmouth College); and Realism (Early Twenty-Century Russian Drama).
Barge Haulers on the Volga (1870-73) -- National Museum (Sweden).
Leo Tolstoy (1887) -- Wikipedia.
Leo Tolstoy Barefoot (1901) -- National Museum (Sweden).
DOSTOEVSKY -- The Western Tradition, 46: Fin de Siècle; Dostoevsky (Books and Writers); Fyodor Dostoyevsky - Peter Ustinov (Peter Ustinov's Russia, Vol. 4: Dissent, 1986) [7 minutes]; and Monty Python: The Spanish Inquisition [9 minutes]. Optional: Mass Society in an "Age of Progress," 1874-1891 timeline; The Soviet film of The Brothers Karamazov (1969) curiously substitutes another story for Dostoevsky's original "The Grand Inquisitor" scene [8 minutes]; The Grand Inquisitor: a clever short story drawing loosely on Dostoevsky's parable [22 minutes]; Crime and Punishment - Book Summary & Analysis and Notes from Underground (Dostoyevsky) - Book Summary & Analysis (Thug Notes); and The Existentialist Frame of Mind (The History Guide).
MUSIC: Modest Mussorgsky -- Ilya Repin, Modest Mussorgsky (1881). Study at least one of the musical works:
Pictures at an Exhibition (1874), orchestrated by Maurice Ravel (1922) -- information (Good Music Guide) and performance: "Promenade" (Alan Gampel, 2011) [to minute 1.30 of the 20-minute session for the opening movement]. Optional: full performances: London Philharmonia Orchestra (1964) [33 minutes] and Emerson, Lake, and Palmer's live performance (1971): visual ("Promenade" and "The Gnome") and recording [44 minutes].
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