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EMPIRES, I: Socialism and Liberalism


THEME: Emerging ideologies challenge political capitalism, especially in the writings of Marx and Engels, Darwin, and Mill. (19C).


REVOLUTIONS, 1815-48 -- Europe at the time of the Congress of Vienna, 1815-1848 (The Map as History) and The Revolutions of 1848: Context and Interactive Module (Wadsworth Modules) Optional: France's many revolutions and republics (Khan Academy); The Congress of Vienna: Metternich's Conservative Order [15 minutes] and Revolutions of 1848 [7 minutes] (Tom Richey); The Congress of Vienna (Norton iMaps) and Europe 1815, after the Congress of Vienna (Pearson Active Maps); and Europe, 1815 and European Revolutions, 1848 (McGraw-Hill).


PARIS -- Haussmann the Demolisher and the Creation of Modern Paris (Khan Academy).  Optional: Paris during the 19th Century Baron Haussmann, Charles Garnier and Gustave Caillebotte [20 minutes] (Mencher) and The Garnier Opera [29 minutes] (Achievements in Modern Architecture).  And study at least one other item:

SOCIALISM: Marx -- Capitalism and Socialism (Crash Course World History and transcript) and Karl Marx: video and text (The School of Life).  Optional: Lectures 21-25 (The History Guide); The Communist Manifesto illustrated by Cartoons [8 minutes]; and Karl Marx [30 minutes] (BBC: The Mark Steel Lectures).


DARWINISM -- Charles Darwin: Evolution and the story of our species (BBC iWonder).  Optional: Britannica.


LIBERALISM: Mill -- The Harm Principle: How to live your life the way you want to (BBC: A History of Ideas); John Stuart Mill (1806-1873): Introduction, Biography, and On Liberty (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy); and March of Democracy (Maps of War).  Optional: On Liberty (Squashed Philosophers); and John Stuart Mill: An Introduction [9 minutes] (Tom Richey).




II: Nationalism and Imperialism


THEME: The foundation of modern nation-states in Germany and Italy, and European global expansion (19C).


NATIONALISM -- The Western Tradition, 44: The Age of the Nation States; Major European Language Groups and Languages of Central and Eastern Europe (Norton iMaps); and Unification of Italy and Germany (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion) Optional: Italian Unification and German Unification, 1815-1871 (Norton iMaps); Nation Building, 1848-1870: Italy, Germany and Comparative Examples (Wadsworth: History Unbound); Nationalism and Revolution and Land of Our Fathers [58 minutes each] (Music in Time); European Language Groups, c. 1850 and Europe, 1871 (McGraw-Hill).  And study at least one map from each topic:


ITALY -- Unification of Italy: Context and Interactive Module (Wadsworth Modules) and Unification of Italy (Norton iMaps) Optional: Unification of Italy (Pearson Active Maps); Unification of Italy (McGraw-Hill); and Italian satirical map of Europe, 1870 (imgur).  And study at least item below:

GERMANY -- Unification of Germany: Context and Interactive Mode (Wadsworth Modules) and Toward the Unification of Germany (Norton iMaps) Optional: Forging an Empire: Bismarckian Germany (1866-1890) (GHDI); The Road to National Unification (Scheck); German Unification, Part I: The Failure of Liberal Nationalism [9 minutes] and Part II: Blood and Iron [15 minutes] (Tom Richey); The German Question, 1815-1871 and Unification of Germany (McGraw-Hill); The Unification of Germany, 1815-1871 (Pearson); and The Unification of Germany (Wadsworth)And study at least one other item:

IMPERIALISM -- 19C Imperialism (Crash Course World History and transcript); The British Empire, Trading Routes and Construction (The Map as History); and European Empires in 1900 (Norton iMaps) Optional: The Middle East at the Beginning of the 20th Century (The Map as History); European Imperialism 1880-1900: Theory, Practice, Discourse and Empire: Politics, Conquest, and Dissolution (1500-2000) (Wadsworth: World History Unbound); Industrialization and Its Impact, 1800-1914, European International Investment, 1914, and Share of World Manufacturing Output 1900, and Patterns of Imperialism and Colonialism: Continuity and Change (OUP); and  Imperialism and Colonialism, 1870-1914 and Nineteenth-century Migration (Norton iMaps).





III: Impressionism


THEME: Emerging artistic movements challenge political capitalism (19C).


ART -- Becoming Modern (Khan Academy).  Optional: The Art of the Western World, 7: A Fresh View -- Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, Part I; and Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth-Century Art in Europe and North America, European and American Architecture (1750-1900), and Realism to Post-Impressionism (Art History Teaching Resources)


And study the main article and at least one painting for each "ism" below:


REALISM -- A beginner's guide to Realism (Khan Academy).  Optional: Realism in France 19th Century, Part 1: Daumier and Courbet [28 minutes] (Mencher)

IMPRESSIONISM -- How the Impressionists Got Their Name (Khan Academy).  Optional: The Art Story; Impressionism: Color in Art (Artyfactory); The First Impressionist Exhibition, 1874 (Artchive); Impressionism: A Circle of Friends (WetCanvas); and Waldemar Januszczak: The Impressionists [6 minutes] (BBC: Your Paintings)

POST-IMPRESSIONISM -- Post-Impressionism (The Art Story).  Optional: Post Impressionism: The Roots of Modern Art (Artyfactory).

MUSIC: Impressionist -- Study at least one musical piece:




MODERNISM, I: Moscow, 1: Tolstoy


THEME: Russian artists challenge Western European Isms (19C). 


RUSSIA -- Age of Industry: sections 7-9 [7 minutes] (BBC: Marr's History of the World) and Russian Expansion (1801-1914) (Norton).  Optional: The Western Tradition, 45: A New Public and 46: Fin de Siècle; Age of Industry: sections 7-9 [7 minutes] (BBC: Marr's History of the World); and The Mighty Fistful [60 minutes] (Music in Time).


TOLSTOY -- Leo Tolstoy [10 minutes] (The School of Life, with optional article).  Optional: Tolstoy (Famous Authors); Trouble with Tolstoy [60 minutes]; Images of Tolstoy (The Voice of Russia's Global Discussion); Tolstoy (BBC: In Our Time); Leo Tolstoy at Yasnaya Polyana [2 minutes]; and The Last Station (2009): review (Roger Ebert).





2: Dostoevsky


DOSTOEVSKY -- The Brothers Karamazov (Thug Notes); Vasily Perov, Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1872); Fyodor Dostoyevsky - Peter Ustinov (Peter Ustinov's Russia, 1986) [7 minutes]; and Monty Python: The Spanish Inquisition [9 minutes].  Optional: Dostoevsky (Books and Writers); The Dark Knight / The Grand Inquisitor and Notes from Underground (Thug Notes); The Soviet film of The Brothers Karamazov (1969) curiously substitutes another story for Dostoevsky's original "The Grand Inquisitor" scene [8 minutes]; The Grand Inquisitor: a clever short story drawing loosely on Dostoevsky's parable [22 minutes]; The Existentialist Frame of Mind (The History Guide); and The 7 Best Movies Influenced By Fyodor Dostoyevsky (Taste of Cinema)


ART: Ilya Repin -- An Introduction to the Peredvizhniki (The Wanderers) (Khan Academy) and Art of Russia, II: Roads to Revolution, segments 11-14 [10 minutes] (BBC: Graham-Dixon)

MUSIC -- Study at least one of these musical works:



II: Vienna and Paris


THEME: New ways of understanding humanity through philosophy and the arts at the turn of the century (1900).


NIETZSCHE (German) -- Nietzsche, Freud and the Thrust Toward Modernism, Part 1 and Part 2 (The History Place); Friedrich Nietzsche [7 minutes] (The School of Life); and Friedrich Nietzsche (Three Minute Philosophy) Optional: The Revolt Against the Western Intellectual Tradition: Friedrich Nietzsche and the Birth of Modernism (The History Guide) and Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil [50 minutes] (BBC).


FREUD (Austrian) -- Sigmund Freud: video [7 minutes] and text (The School of Life).  Optional: Sigmund Freud: Exploring the Unconscious [25 minutes]; Sigmund Freud (serious fun) [30 minutes] (BBC: Mark Steel); Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy; Sigmund Freud Museum, Vienna; The full Interpretation of Dreams in English translation (1911); Dream Interpretation Online Course [2 minutes]; City of Dreams (Vienna 1900-1935): Sigmund Freud [4 minutes] (Philharmonia Orchestra); Vienna 1908 [52 minutes] (BBC); Young Doctor Freud, Part 1: Struggling with the Demon [59 minutes] and 2: Opening the Eyes [54 minutes] (PBS): and 1913: When Hitler, Trotsky, Tito, Freud and Stalin all lived in the same place (BBC).


STRAVNISKY -- Pablo Picasso, Igor Stravinsky (1920); Listening Guide: Stravinsky's Rite of Spring [9 minutes] (Philharmonia Orchestra); and The Rite of Spring: Joffrey Ballet (1987) [30 minutes].  Optional: Stravinsky: A Concise Biography [40 minutes] (Academy Media); Stravinsky's Rite of Spring  [55 minutes] (PBS: Keeping Score); Essential Classics (NPR); Stravinsky (ArtsAlive); Documentary [29 minutes] and concert [35 minutes] (Euro Arts Music: Discovering Masterpieces of Classical Music); Milestones of the Millennium: The Rite of Spring (NPR); Walt Disney, Fantasia: Part 1: Genesis (1942): Disney's animated interpretation of The Rite of Spring [7 minutes], with Part 2: Evolution [9 minutes] and Part 3: Extinction [5 minutes]; and Le Sacre du Sacre, a composition student in The Netherlands breaks and bends a few musical rules, beginning with Stravinsky [4 minutes].


ART -- Optional: Modern Art (1900-50) (Art History Teaching Resources). And study at least three paintings in any two movements:


SYMBOLISM: Gustav Klimt (Austrian)

SURREALISM -- Surrealism, an introduction (Smarthistory).  











THEME: The First War to End All Wars redefines realities (1914-18).


WORLD WAR I -- Europe Plunges into War (The Map as History); World War I: the Global Theater, World War I: the European and Middle Eastern Theaters, and Outcomes of World War I in Europe, North Africa, and Some of the Middle East (Norton iMaps); and World War I Troop Strength and Casualties (Holt, Rinehart and Winston)Optional: The Western Tradition, 47: The First World War and the Rise of Fascism [minute 00-7.45]; The Origins of World War I (Wadsworth Modules); Beginning of World War I (Khan Academy); If WWI were a bar fight; World War One (Modern World History: Interactive Textbook); Militarism and Alliances in Europe, 1914 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); World War I: Eastern and Western Europe (Norton iMaps); Causes of World War I [17 minutes] and Military Technologies of the Second Industrial Revolution (Civil War and WWI Compared) [5 minutes] (Tom Richey); and 1917: Did the War Cause a Revolution? (Digital History Reader).


WESTERN FRONT -- The Western Front (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion) Optional: Western and Eastern fronts of World War I and Other fronts of World War I (Khan Academy); The First World War, World War I in Europe, 1914-1918, The Western Front, 1914-1918, WWI: Western Front, The Western Front, and Territorial Gains, 1914-19 (McGraw-Hill); U.S. Battles, 1918 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); European Alliances On The Eve Of The First World War, The Balkans, 1878-1914, The Schlieffen Plan, The Great War, 1914–1916, and The Great War, 1917-1918 (Norton iMaps); America in World War I: The Western Front, 1918 and Influenza Epidemic (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Maps); and All Quiet on the Western Front: Thug Notes and Lessons of the Great War: All Quiet on the Western Front (Thomson Learning Center); and Death on the eve of Armistice (The Open University: Michael Palin). 


THE SOMME (1916) -- The Battle of the Somme (PBS), and Battle of the Somme: 1 July-13 November 1916 and Animated Map: Battle of the Somme (BBC).  Optional: The Somme [29 minutes] (War Walks: Richard Holmes); The Somme [50 minutes] (History Channel); Battle of the Somme (BBC History Trail); The Human Face of War, and World War I soldier wills digitised for online archive (BBC); Why was the Battle of the Somme film bigger than Star Wars? (BBC: iWonder); Battle of the Somme: Battlefield, Film, Photographs, and Texts (including a lengthy excerpt from Robert Graves' Goodbye to All That); Thiepval War Memorial Virtual Tour (BBC); The Battle of the Somme (CWGC); and Ypres and the Somme Today (Echoes of War).

ART -- Study the red works and at least one other:




II: Petrograd



THEME: Totalitarian regimes in Russia and Italy emerge from World War I (1917-41).


USSR -- Art of Russia, III: Smashing the Mold, segments 1-6 [22 minutes] (BBC: Graham-Dixon); War and Revolution in Russia 1914-1921 (BBC); "A New World Arisen": Russia's Revolutions, 1900-1924: Setting, Power on Paper, and Perspectives (Wadsworth: History Unbound); and The Soviet Union (Norton iMaps).  Optional: Lectures on Twentieth Century Europe, 5-7 (The History Guide); Seventeen Moments in Soviet History (MSU); and Russia in the 20th Century (Mapping History)And study at least two topics:

ART -- Study at least one painting, sculpture, or building:

MUSIC -- Study at least one musical work:





III: Berlin


THEME: Nazi Germany propels the world into war (1930).




GERMANY -- Europe after World War I (The Map as History); The Age of Totalitarianism: Stalin and Hitler: study Hitler (The History Guide); and The Swastika: Catawba College's annual Optional: Europe After World War I (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); Rise of Hitler and the Nazis and Rise of Mussolini and Fascism (Khan Academy); Adolf Hitler: Man and monster (BBC iWonder); Western Tradition, 47: The First World War and the Rise of Fascism [begin at minute 7.45]; The Political Revolution of the 1930s (Mapping History); The Age of Anxiety: Europe in the 1920s, Part 1 and Part 2 (The History Guide); and Top Ten Nazi Architecture and Fascist Stripped Classical (German) (Essential Architecture)


PROPAGANDA -- The Power of Nazi Propaganda [6 minutes] (on the USHMM exhibit, State of Deception: The Power of Nazi Propaganda) and May 10, 1933, The Burning of Books [3 minutes] (USHMM) Optional: Walt Disney, The Story of One of "Hitler's Children" as Adopted from Education for Death (1943) [10 minutes].

DEGENERATE ART -- Art in Nazi Germany and House of German Art and the Entartete Kunst exhibition [8 minutes] (Khan Academy).  Optional: Degenerate art: Why Hitler hated modernism (BBC); In the Shadow of Hitler, segments 2-3 and 8-10 [9 minutes] (Graham-Dixon: Art of Germany, 3); and Architecture in the Early 20th Century, Modernism, Bauhaus, DeStijl and International Style [27 minutes] (Mencher).   And study at least one degenerate building or artwork:




RUSHING TOWARD WORLD WAR II -- Study at least one map: German and Italian Expansion, 1936-1939 (Norton iMaps); Changes in Europe, 1919, Politics in Europe, 1930s, German and Italian Expansion, 1935-1939, Hitler's Actions in Europe 1936-1939, and The Causes of World War II in Europe, 1935-1939 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); Territorial Settlements 1919-26 and The League of Nations (McGraw-Hill); and German gains, 1936-1938 and Partition of Czechoslovakia, 1938-1939 (USHMM).


SPANISH CIVIL WAR (1936-39) -- The Spanish Civil War (Norton iMaps) and Salvador Dali, Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War) (1936). 


GUERNICA (1937) -- Picasso's Guernica and essay (Khan Academy); and Guernica (2002): Marcelo Ricardo Ortiz's clever 3D animation [music: Duran Duran (The Chauffer, 1983) and images: Vincent van Gogh (Bedroom in Arles, 1888), Salvador Dali (The Persistence of Memory, 1931), M. C. Escher (Relativity, 1953), and Picasso (Guernica)].  Optional: Guernica: Testimony of War (PBS); The Legacy of Guernica (BBC); War and Peace in the Art of Pablo Picasso: "Guernica" (1937) and Pablo Picasso (1881-1973): From the Spanish Civil War to Vietnam (Hart); Artyfactory; The Mystical North: Spanish Art from the 19th Century to the Present, segments 12-13 (BBC: Graham-Dixon); Totalitarian Art; and Keiskamma Guernica (2010).





IV: Normandy


THEME: The Second War to End All Wars in Europe (1939-45).


WORLD WAR II -- World War II (Crash Course World History and transcript); World War Two: History's most savage and devastating war (BBC iWonder); and World War Two: Summary Outline of Key Events (BBC).  Optional: World War II: In Depth and Timeline (USHMM); Timeline of World War II (PBS: The War); Hitler and World War Two (The History Guide); The Second World War: five maps and Conflicts in WWII (Norton, requires Google Earth); and The Western Heritage, 48: The Second World War.


EUROPE -- World War II in Europe and North Africa, 1939-1941 and The War in Europe and North Africa, 1942-1945 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); and The Second World War in Europe (Norton iMaps) Optional: World War II in Europe: Summary and Timeline (USHMM); World War II (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Maps); World War II: the European Theater (Norton iMaps); World War II in Europe and North Africa and Allied Advances and Collapse of German Power (Wadsworth); and Dark Charisma of Hitler, Part 2 and Part 3 (BBC).  


FRANCE, I (10 May-22 June 1940) -- Animated Map: The Fall of France (Dunkirk) and The Fall of France (BBC).  Optional: German Invasion of Western Europe, May 1940, German invasion of western Europe, 1940, German conquests in Europe, 1939-1942 map, and Occupation of the southern zone, November 1942 (USHMM); June 23, 1940 Paris (The Hitler Pages: Historical Hitler Sites).

BRITAIN (1939-45) -- Battle of Britain and The Blitz (BBC) and St. Paul's Cathedral during the Blitz: images only (Daily Mail).  Optional: The Battle of Britain (BBC); The Bombers and the Bombed: Coventry, England (1940) and Lübeck, Germany (1942) (BBC: WW2 Movies); The Battle of Britain (History Animated); Balham in the Blitz and now – interactive: click on the image to change (14 October 1940) (The Guardian); and The Anglo-American raids on Hamburg during the Second World War (1943) (The Guardian).


NORTH AFRICA (13 September 1940-13 May 1943) -- Animated Map: The North African Campaign (BBC).  Optional: Southern Europe and North Africa Campaign Interactive Map (EDSITEment!); North African Campaigns, 1942-1945 (Pearson); North Africa (History Animated); The Battle of El Alamein, Animated Map: The Battle of El Alamein, Allied Landings in French North Africa and Second Battle of El Alamein (BBC); Focus on: Kasserine Pass (The National WWII Museum, New Orleans); and Poet Keith Douglas on El Alamein (The Guardian)


ITALY (10 July 1943-02 May 1945) -- Animated Map: The Italian Campaign (BBC).  Optional: Defeat of Nazi Germany, 1942-1945 and Italy (USHMM); The 'D-Day Dodgers', Allied Landings in Sicily, Allied Landings in Italy, Battle of Monte Cassino and World War Two: The Battle of Monte Cassino (BBC); German-occupied areas of Italy, 1943, Major Nazi camps in Occupied Italy, 1943-1944, Italy, camps for displaced persons, and Deportations from Italy, 1943-1945 (USHMM); The Man Who Never Was and Jean Leslie (1923-2010); Focus on: Stalemate at Anzio (The National WWII Museum, New Orleans); The Battles of Cassino, 1944 (Commonwealth War Graves Commission: Information Leaflets); and Roger Waters pens poem for veteran who found father's place of death (Anzio, 1944) (The Guardian).

FRANCE, II: Normandy (06 June 1944) -- Operation Overlord: D-Day to Paris and Animated Map: Operation Overlord, and D-Day: How was the biggest ever seaborne invasion launched? (BBC); and North Europe Campaign Interactive Map (EDSITEment!).  Optional: Special Section: D-Day and Operation Overlord (BBC); D-Day (Pearson: Events that changed the world); Encyclopedia Britannica's Guide to Normandy 1944; The Normandy Landings: text and animated map (The War Times Journal); D-Day (Guardian); D-Day (McGraw-Hill: Beyond the Textbook); The Allies Land on D-Day (Pearson: History Interactive); The 5 Phases of D-Day Explained: Infographic and 9,000 Fallen Soldiers Etched onto the Normandy Beaches in this Amazing Artwork (Made from History); and Saving Private Ryan (1998): Parts 1, 2, and 3. 


BERLIN (June 1944-May 1945) -- The Battle for Berlin in World War Two and World War Two: How the Allies Won (BBC); and Raising Flag Over the Reichstag and Three Flags of Khaldei (Iconic Photos).  Optional: Ian Kershaw, "Europe's Second Thirty Years War," History Today, 55/9 (2005); Victory in Europe and Japan (BBC) and End of the War in the Main-Spessart Region (Third Reich in Ruins); Battle off the Bulge: shorter and longer versions (BBC) and USHMM; Why Hitler's grand plan during the second world war collapsed (The Guardian); Köln and Pariser Platz an Reichstag (Traces of Evil: Remaining Nazi Sites in Germany); Nuremberg and Berlin (Totalitarian Art: Werckmeister); and Battle of Berlin: Part 2 and Raising Flag Over the Reichstag, When Hitler Met His End, and The End of the Thousand-Year Reich (Iconic Photos).





V: Hiroshima


THEME: The Second War to End All Wars in Asia and the Pacific (1935-45).


WORLD WAR II: Asia and the Pacific -- World War II: Pacific, 1939-1945 (The National Archives) [6 minutes]; World War II in the Pacific and Pacific Basin, Japanese expansion (USHMM); and World War II: the Pacific Theater (Norton iMaps or here).  Optional: World War II in the Pacific (Houghton Mifflin); World War II Pacific Animated Maps (History Animated); World War Two: The Pacific Theater (Mapping History); War in the Pacific, 1936-45 and World War II in Asia and the Pacific, 1941-1945 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); and Ken Burns' The War (PBS, 2007), with full episodes at NCLiveAnd study the red topics and at least three others:


PEARL HARBOR (07 December 1941) -- Pearl Harbor: A Rude Awakening (BBC); Surprise Attack! Pearl Harbor and Japanese Aggression, December 1941-June 1942 (Pearson: History Interactive); and Pearl Harbour (from Above) and The Pearl Harbour Attacks (Iconic Photos).


SINGAPORE (8 December 1941-15 February 1942) -- Wikipedia: first two paragraphs; The Battle for Malaya (History Animated); and Jack Sharpe (Iconic Photos).  Optional: Fall Singapore and Malaya (BBC) and Fall of Singapore (Australia's War 1939-1945).  Optional: The Surrender of Singapore (15 February 1942) (Iconic Photos); "I Will Walk Out On My Own Two Feet" (CM War Stories, 2006); Horror of the fall recalled in POW homage (The Guardian, 2002); and Kranji War Cemetery and the Singapore Memorials (Commonwealth War Graves Commission: Information Leaflets); and Doolittle Raid (18 April 1942): EyeWitness to History: introduction, History Animated, and Naval History & Heritage.


BURMA -- The Burma Campaign, The Burma Campaign 1941-1945, and Animated Map: The Burma Campaign (BBC).  Optional: Maps of the China-Burma-India Theater of World War II and Defence of Imphal and Kohima (BBC); Revealed: The terrible suffering and extraordinary courage of British WW2 soldiers fighting the Japanese in the Burmese jungle (Mail Online); and The Burma-Siam Railway and Its Cemeteries (Commonwealth War Graves Commission: Information Leaflets).

MIDWAY (03-07 June 1942) -- World War II in the Pacific (Houghton Mifflin); The Battle of Midway, 1942 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); The Battle of Midway (BBC); and Island-Hopping in the Pacific, 1942-1945 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion).  Optional: Battle of Midway: The Japanese Attack and The American Counterattack (US Navy History) [9 minutes]; History Animated; and Catawba Alumnus Pilot of Famous Flying Dud. 


GUADALCANAL (August 1942-February 1943) -- History Animated.   Optional: Focus on: Guadalcanal (The National WWII Museum, New Orleans); Guadalcanal Campaign (Naval History & Heritage); First Offensive: The Marine Campaign For Guadalcanal (Marines in World War II Commemorative Series); and Hell in the Pacific: The rare pictures that reveal reality of the Battle of Guadalcanal (Mail Online).



IWO JIMA (February-March 1945) -- History Animated; The First Flag on Iwo Jima (Iconic Photos); and Japan: No Surrender in World War Two (BBC).  Optional: Japan's Plan (PBS: American Experience: Victory in the Pacific).


OKINAWA (April-June 1945) -- History Animated Optional: Profile: Japan's Okinawa (BBC); Ken Burn's The War, Episode 7: A World Without War -- March 1945-September 1945 (PBS) [minutes 0.00.00-0.27.15 and 0.54.20-1.05.17]; and Civilians on Okinawa (PBS: American Experience: Victory in the Pacific). 


HIROSHIMA and NAGASAKI (06 and 09 August 1945) -- Age of Extremes: section 8 [8 minutes] (BBC: Marr's History of the World); Nuclear Power: The End of the War Against Japan (BBC); and Keisuke Yamamoto, Hiroshima (1948) Optional: Hiroshima remembers atomic bomb (BBC).

VJ -- The Costs of War (PBS: American Experience: Victory in the Pacific); VJ Day (BBC); and VJ Day Kiss (Iconic Photos).


THE WORLD AT WAR -- World War II, A War for Resources (Crash Course World History).




VI: Culture Wars


THEME: Casualties of the Second War to End All Wars, Part I: Culture (1933-45).


STOLEN ART -- The Rape of Europa trailer [3 minutes] and The Nazi Plundering of Europe  [44 minutes] (BBC).  Optional: Nazi Art Theft (National Geographic); Louvre: Le Louvre pendant la guerre (Liberation Culture), The Louvre During the War (Le Blog), and How the French Hid the Louvre’s Masterpieces During WWII (Twisted Sifter); The Rape of Europa Website (PBS); and In the Shadow of Hitler, segment 11 [4 minutes] (Graham-Dixon: Art of Germany, 3).


MONUMENTS MEN (Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives Program, 1943-46) -- The WWII soldiers who saved art [3 minutes] (BBC); The Monuments Men and Women [5 minutes]; map (Harvard Magazine); and The Monuments Men film with trailer (2014).  Optional: A. S. Pennoyer and the Monuments Men (Princeton U.); Monumental Mission (Smithsonian); Monuments Men: Tracking looted treasures (DW); and Henry Ettlinger: Biography and video (Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art), Meet the Jersey guy who helped liberate art from Nazi Germany (, 2010), and In Rockaway Township, Ettlinger shares his story of Monuments Men (


ART WORKS and BUILDINGS (arranged chronologically) -- Study the red items and at least two others (art work and/or buildings):


VII: Human Rights



THEME: Casualties of the Second War to End All Wars, Part II: People, captured by the Holocaust experiences depicted in Elie Wiesel's Night (1933-45).


1: Darkness


THE HOLOCAUST -- The Final Solution (The Holocaust, The Shoah) (The Map as History); and Introduction to the Holocaust: text and animated map, Wannsee Conference and the "Final Solution." and World War II and the Holocaust (Animated Map) (USHMM).  Optional: Genocide Under the Nazis (The Holocaust) (BBC); Memory of the Camps (PBS); Mapping the SS Concentration Camp System over Space and Time (USHMM); Shtetl (PBS); The Holocaust (The Open University); and Children of the Holocaust (SND Films).

WIESEL -- Elie Wiesel, Romania 1933 (with Sighet Marmatiei indicated), Ghettos in occupied Hungary, 1944, and Deportations from Hungarian ghettos to Auschwitz (USHMM); and Life in Sighet, Romania, 1920-1939 (PBS: Elie Wiesel: First Person Singular).  OptionalElie Wiesel: First Person Singular [55 minutes] (PBS); Facing Hate [57 minutes] (Bill Moyers); Elie Wiesel: Dead Stars, Dead Eyes [58 minutes] (2002); Night study and teachers' guides (Macmillan); and Oprah's Book Club.


2: Night


AUSCHWITZ -- Auschwitz Birkenau: German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945): introductory paragraph and video [3 minutes] (UNESCO World Heritage Sites); Auschwitz: text and animated map (USHMM); How could they get away with it? (Time Travel Turtle); and Interactive Map (PBS: Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi State).  Optional: A Virtual Tour of Auschwitz/Birkenau ( A Cybrary of the Holocaust); The Last Expression: Art and Auschwitz; Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum (USHMM); Auschwitz: Blueprint for Genocide [49 minutes] (BBC); and God on Trial [60 minutes] (The Open University).

3: Dawn






Dr. C. McAllister, Catawba College, Salisbury, NC


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