MODERN WESTERN WORLD, II: Revolutions

 

 

 

REVOLUTIONS

 

'MURICAN REVOLUTION

 

THEME: The European Age of Revolutions begins in the British colonies (1763-89).

 

REVOLUTION -- Who Won the American Revolution? (Crash Course US History) [13 minutes] and The Western Tradition, 37: The American Revolution and 38: The American Republic; and Atlantic World and American Revolution (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz) Optional: Tea, Taxes, and the American Revolution (Crash Course US History) [13 minutes]; Christianity as a World Religion: 1763-1803 (U of Edinburgh); and the American Revolution section of 'murican History (WebBooks).

 

DOCUMENTS

And study the red items and at least one other buildings or art work:

 

JEFFERSON

WASHINGTON -- The Republic Personified: Symbols of the American Nation, 1765-1820: George Washington (Wadsworth: American History Unbound)

 

CHARLES WILLSON PEALE

 

 

 

 

 FRENCH REVOLUTION

 

I: Republic

 

THEME: The Age of Revolutions explodes in France (1789-99).

 

REVOLUTION -- The French Revolution (Crash Course World History) [12 minutes] and The Western Tradition, 39: The Death of the Old Regime and 40: The French Revolution [watch through minute 13.00].  Optional: The French Revolution: Lectures 11-15 (The History Guide); The French Revolution (Khan Academy); French Revolution (The Open University); French Revolution Teaching Pack (UCL Art Museum); and Dior to fund Versailles makeover (The Art Newspaper 2013).

DAVID: Jacques-Louis David (French) -- WebMuseum and The Art of the Western World, 6: An Age of Reason, An Age of Passion, 1770 to 1830, Part I [minute 21.30-29.00].  Optional: WGA and David (BBC: The Power Of Art) [59 minutes].  Study the Death of Marat and at least one other painting by any of the artists.

VIGÉE LE BRUN: Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun (French) -- WGA Optional: Ancien Regime Rococo (Boston College) an Eighteenth Century Women Artists: Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun and Adélaïde Labille-Guiard (Farber). 

 

 

 

 

II: Empire

 

THEME: The French Revolution morphs into a more powerful political absolutism under Napoleon (1799-1815).

 

EMPIRE -- The Western Tradition, 40: The French Revolution [begin at minute 13.00]; Napoleon's Empire (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); and Europe and the Superior Being: Napoleon (The History Guide).  Optional: Napoleon (Khan Academy) and Napoleon (PBS), using Goya's paintings and drawings.

THE ART OF NAPOLEON -- The Art of the Western World, 6: An Age of Reason, An Age of Passion [minute 29.00-40.35]; The rise, the glory, the fall: the Empire seen through the eyes of great artists; and Arch de Triomph (Essential Architecture).  Optional: Napoleonic Paintings (The Open University); Arc de Triomphe and The Louvre Museum (Essential Architecture); La Madeleine (A View on Cities); and Who’s Who in Portraits 2: Napoleon and French Rulers (Abrahams).

 

And study the red art works and at least one other below:

 

 

 

ISMS

 

INDUSTRIALISM

 

THEME: Underneath the political turmoil, the Industrial Revolution fundamentally changes the economic and material world (18C-19C).

 

INDUSTRIALISM -- Coal, Steam, and the Industrial Revolution (Crash Course World History) [11 minutes]; The Western Tradition, 41: The Industrial Revolution and 42: The Industrial World; Why the Industrial Revolution happened in Britain (BBC); and Industrialization of Europe by 1914 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations) Optional: Industrialization: Innovation, Networks, and Variation, 1800-1920 (Wadsworth: World History Unbound); The Industrial Revolution (The History Guide); The Workshop of the World (BBC); The Industrial Revolution (Modern World History: Interactive Textbook); The Day the World Took Off: The Roots of the Industrial Revolution: information and six films [50 minutes each]; Industrial Revolution (Modern History Sourcebook); Britain before and after the Industrial Revolution: 1700 and 1911 (McGraw-Hill); Industry in Great Britain by 1850 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); Industry in Europe, 1870 (McDougal Littell: Animated History); Industrial Europe, c. 1850 (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz); The First Industrial Revolution, The First Industrial Nation, The Industrial Revolution, and The Industrialization of Europe around 1850 (Norton iMaps); AD Classics: The Crystal Palace / Joseph Paxton (ArchDaily); and Industrial Europe ca. 1850 (McGraw-Hill). 

Study the required items in each main section and at least two works total from any of the bulleted items:

 

WORKERS -- Growth of Cities 1500-1800 (McGraw-Hill: Palmer) and European Population Growth and Relocation, 1820-1900 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations) Optional: Migration in World History, 1840-1920 (Wadsworth: World History Unbound).

 

RAILWAYS -- Extension of the European Railroads, 1840-1880 (Wadsworth Modules) and Spread of Railways in 19th Century (Modern History Sourcebook).  Optional: Railroads Link British Industries, c. 1850 (Holt, Rinehart & Winston). 

SHIPS -- An Industrial Life: Isambard Kingdom Brunel, 1806-1859: "Setting," "Brunel's Ships: The Great Eastern," and "Conclusion" (Wadsworth: World History Unbound); and Robert Howett, Isambard Kingdom Brunel (Iconic Photos)

SLAVE TRADE -- The Slave Trade, c. 1450-1800 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations) and The Atlantic Slave Trade (Crash Course World History) [11 minutes]..  Optional: The African Slave Trade, 1440-1867 (Norton iMaps); British Anti-slavery (BBC); and Josiah Wedgwood, Anti-slavery Medallion (1787, British Museum).

 

 


ROMANTICISM: Music

 

THEME: The European Romantic movement interpreted musically (19C).

 

BEETHOVEN: Ludwig Beethoven -- Ludwig Beethoven (BBC: The Mark Steel Lectures) [30 minutes].  Optional: Eroica Symphony (San Francisco Symphony Orchestra: Keeping Score): PBS introduction, Explore, and video [56 minutes]; Listening Guide: Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 and Listening Guide: Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 (Paul Rissman) (Philharmonia Orchestra); and Gustav Klimt's Beethoven Frieze (1902) (Smarthistory).

And study at least one of the following artists:

 

BERLIOZ: Hector Berlioz (French) -- Symphonie fantastique (1830): information (Wikipedia) and 5th movement: Songe d'une Nuit de Sabbat [10 minutes].  Optional: Music Fueled by Desire (San Francisco Symphony Orchestra: Keeping Score); Listening Guide: Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique and Berlioz: Symphonie Fantastique Listening Guide (Philharmonia Orchestra); and Symphonie Fantastique (The Hector Berlioz Website).

 

CHOPIN: Fryderyk Chopin (Polish) -- Sonata No. 2 in B-flat Minor, Op. 35, 3rd movement: Funeral March (1839): information (BBC and Wikipedia) and performance [9.30 minutes].

 

LISZT: Franz Liszt (Hungarian) -- Franz Liszt (BBC), Trois études de concert, No. 3: Un sospiro ("A sigh," 1845-49) [4.30 minutes].  Optional: Three Concert Études (Wikipedia).

 

TCHAIKOVSKY: Pytor Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian) -- 1812 Overture (1880): information (Wikipedia) and performance [20 minutes].

 

WAGNER: Richard Wagner (German) -- Ride of the Valkyries (1870): information (Wikipedia); performance [5 minutes] and Apocalypse Now [4 minutes]; and Pierre Auguste Renoir, Richard Wagner (1882).  Optional: Synopsis (The Metropolitan Opera) and What's Opera, Doc? [7 minutes].

 

 


ROMANTICISM: Art

 

THEME: The European Romantic movement interpreted through painting and sculpture (19C).

 

ROMANTICISM -- The Western Tradition, 43: Revolution and Romantics; Romanticism, (Smarthistory); The Art of the Western World, 6: An Age of Reason, An Age of Passion, Part II [minutes 40.36-55.00]; and The Romantic Era (The History Guide).  Optional: Romanticism (Otis Art History); WebMuseum; An Introduction to Nineteenth Century Art (Facos); and The French Academic Tradition, French Romantic Painting, and the substyle Orientalism [27 minutes], and Romanticism, Part 1 [33 minutes] and Part 2: Walpole, Ruskin, Turner, Goya, and Gericault  (Mencher) [21 minutes]

 

And study at least five of the red art works:

 

COLE: Thomas Cole ('murican) -- WGA Optional: MMOA and Expulsion from the Garden of Eden (1828) (Smarthistory).

CONSTABLE: John Constable (British) -- WGA Optional: WebMuseum; Artble; The Roots of Modernism (Plus Trees and Clouds): John Constable (Haber); and Hampstead Heath (c. 1820, The Fitzwilliam Museum).

DELACROIX: Eugene Delacroix (French) -- Eugene Delacroix (WebMuseum).  Optional: WGA: biography; Delacroix (The Open University); Artble; and Painted Into Immortality: Dante and Virgil on a Hellish Boat Ride (Three Pipe Problem).

FRIEDRICH: Caspar David Friedrich (German) -- WebMuseum and Caspar David Friedrich (Andrew Graham-Dixon) [9 minutes].  Optional: WGA: biography; Artble; Woman at the Window (1822) (Smarthistory); Caspar David Friedrich (Boston College); Caspar David Friedrich and the primordial landscape (Three Pipe Problem); Goya, Friedrich and Romanticism: Reification of Nature (Philolog); and Moonlight Becomes You (Haber).

GERICAULT: Théodore Géricault (French) -- WGA.

INGRES: Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (French) -- WGA Optional: Artble; Sex, Cash, and a Lot of Class: J. A. D. Ingres: Images of an Epoch (Haber); and Ingres’ Comtesse d’Haussonville (1845) (Abrahams).

RUDE: François Rude (French)

TURNER: John Mallord William Turner (British) -- WebMuseumOptional: WGA; Artble; Turner (BBC: The Power of Art) [59 minutes]; and Painting as Extreme Sport: J. M. W. Turner (Haber).

 

 

 

SOCIALISM and LIBERALISM

 

THEME: Emerging ideologies challenge political capitalism, especially in the writings of Marx and Engels, and Mill. (19C).

 

REVOLUTIONS, 1815-48 -- Europe at the time of the Congress of Vienna, 1815-1848 (The Map as History) and The Revolutions of 1848 (Wadsworth Modules) Optional: France's many revolutions and republics (Khan Academy); The Congress of Vienna, Revolutions of National Independence in the Atlantic World, 1776-1829, and Civil Unrest and Revolutions in Europe, 1819-1848 (Norton iMaps); and Europe, 1815 and European Revolutions, 1848 (McGraw-Hill).

SOCIALISM -- Capitalism and Socialism (Crash Course World History) [14 minutes] and The Communist Manifesto illustrated by Cartoons [8 minutes].  Optional: Reflections on Karl Marx, The Utopian Socialists: Charles Fourier, Robert Owen and Saint-Simon, and The Age of Ideologies (3): The World of Auguste Comte (The History Guide); and Karl Marx (BBC: The Mark Steel Lectures) [30 minutes].

 

LIBERALISM -- John Stuart Mill (1806-1873): Introduction, Biography, and On Liberty (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy) and March of Democracy (Maps of War) "See 4,000 years of democracy in 90 seconds."  Optional: On Liberty (Squashed Philosophers); Mill, Autobiography: "A Crisis in my Mental History" [12 minutes]; John Stuart Mill -- On Liberty (2 parts) [20 minutes]; and John Stuart Mill: The Liberal Tradition [30 minutes].

 

 

 

 

 

NATIONALISM

 

THEME: The foundation of modern nation-states in 'murica, Germany, and Italy (mid-19C).

 

NATIONALISM -- The Western Tradition, 44: The Age of the Nation States.  Optional: European Language Groups, c. 1850 and Europe, 1871 (McGraw-Hill)

 

'MURICA -- The Civil War, 1861-1865 (Brinkley).  OptionalThe Election of 1860 & the Road to Disunion, The Civil War, Part I, The Civil War, Part II, and Battles of the Civil War (Crash Course US History); and the American Civil War section of 'murican History (WebBooks).  And study at least one work:

ITALY -- Unification of Italy and Germany (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations) and Unification of Italy (Wadsworth Modules).  Optional: Unification of Italy (Pearson Active Maps); Unification of Italy (McGraw-Hill); Italian Unification and German Unification, 1815-1871 (Norton iMaps); The Unification of Italy (Pearson); Unifying Italy (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); Italian Unification (Amit Mendelsohn); and Italian satirical map of Europe, 1870 (imgur).  And study at least one work:

GERMANY -- Unification of Germany (Wadsworth Modules) and Nation Building, 1848-1870: Italy, Germany and Comparative Examples: study "Setting: Art and Unification" and "Comparisons: U.S. Civil War" (Wadsworth: History Unbound).  Optional: Forging an Empire: Bismarckian Germany (1866-1890) (German History in Documents and Images); The Road to National Unification (Scheck); The German Question, 1815-1871 and Unification of Germany (McGraw-Hill); The Unification of Germany (Wadsworth); Imperial Germany, 1871 (Bereznay); and Unification of Germany, 1865-1871 (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour).  And study at least one work:

 

 

 

 

REALISM and IMPRESSIONISM

 

THEME: Emerging artistic movements challenge political capitalism (19C).

 

ART -- Becoming Modern (Smarthistory) and The Art of the Western World, 7: A Fresh View -- Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, Part I [until minute 28.23].  Optional: The Rise of Modernism: Art of the Later 19th Century (Online And study Guide for Gardner's Art through the Ages: The Western Perspective).

 

And study the main topics below (Photography, Realism, and Impressionism), the art work(s) in red, and at least three other art works by at least two different artists:

 

PHOTOGRAPHY -- Early Photography (Smarthistory).  Optional: other photographers in Smarthistory and Photo Seed: early 19-20C photography.

 

REALISM -- Realism (Smarthistory).  Optional: Realism in France 19th Century, Part 1: Daumier and Courbet (Mencher) [28 minutes].

IMPRESSIONISM -- The Art Story; Impressionism: Color in Art (Artyfactory) and How the Impressionists Got Their Name (Smarthistory).  Optional: The First Impressionist Exhibition, 1874 (Artchive); WebMuseum; EyconArt; The Impressionists with Tim Marlow [60 minutes]; Impressionism: A Circle of Friends (WetCanvas); Waldemar Januszczak: The Impressionists (BBC: Your Paintings) [6 minutes]; and The Impressionists (BBC: Richard Armitage).

 

 

 


 

POST-IMPRESSIONISM and IMPERIALISM

 

THEME: Art and conquest in the age of European imperialism before World War I (1914).

 

POST-IMPRESSIONISM -- The Art Story; Post Impressionism: The Roots of Modern Art (Artyfactory); and The Art of the Western World, 7: A Fresh View -- Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, Part II [minutes 28.23-55.10].  And study at least four art works by at least three different artists:

ARCHITECTURE -- Optional: 19th C Technology and Architecture [15 minutes] and Paris during the 19th Century Baron Haussmann, Charles Garnier and Gustave Caillebotte [20 minutes] (Mencher).  Study at least one building:

MUSIC: Impressionist -- Study at least one musical piece:

IMPERIALISM -- 19C Imperialism (Crash Course World History) [14 minutes]; The British Empire, Trading Routes and Construction and The Middle East at the Beginning of the 20th Century (The Map as History); and European Imperialism 1880-1900: Theory, Practice, Discourse (Wadsworth: History Unbound).  Optional: Empire: Politics, Conquest, and Dissolution (1500-2000) (Wadsworth: World History Unbound); Beginning of World War I: Empires before World War I and German and Italian Empires in 1914 (Khan Academy); Imperialism (Modern World History: Interactive Textbook); and An Age of Modernity, Anxiety, and Imperialism, 1891-1914 timeline (Wadsworth).

 

 

 

 

TOLSTOYISM

 

NOTE: For our last snow-change, please study the items in red for the combined Tolstoy I and II below:

 

THEME: Russian artists challenge Western European Isms (19C).

 

TOLSTOY -- Images of Tolstoy (The Voice of Russia's Global Discussion); The Big Read Promo [6 minutes]; The Western Tradition, 45: A New Public; Leo Tolstoy (Books and Writers); and Images of Tolstoy Optional: The Last Station (2009): review (Roger Ebert); Tolstoy (BBC: In Our Time) [45-minute audio]; Tolstoy's estate at Yasnaya Polyana (Wikipedia); Leo Tolstoy at Yasnaya Polyana [2 minutes].

 

lILA REPIN -- The Peredvizhniki (The Wanderers) Optional: Russian Painting during the Age of Romanticism and Nineteenth-Century Russian Art: "Ideological Realism" (Dartmouth College); and Realism (Early Twenty-Century Russian Drama).

DOSTOEVSKY -- The Western Tradition, 46: Fin de Siècle; Dostoevsky (Books and Writers); Vasily Perov, Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1872); Fyodor Dostoyevsky - Peter Ustinov (Peter Ustinov's Russia, 1986) [7 minutes]; and Monty Python: The Spanish Inquisition [9 minutes].  Optional: Mass Society in an "Age of Progress," 1874-1891 timeline; The Soviet film of The Brothers Karamazov (1969) curiously substitutes another story for Dostoevsky's original "The Grand Inquisitor" scene [8 minutes]; The Grand Inquisitor: a clever short story drawing loosely on Dostoevsky's parable [22 minutes]; Crime and Punishment - Book Summary & Analysis and Notes from Underground (Dostoyevsky) - Book Summary & Analysis (Thug Notes); and The Existentialist Frame of Mind (The History Guide)

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. C. McAllister, Catawba College, Salisbury, NC

 

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