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EMPIRES, I: Socialism and Liberalism


THEME: Emerging ideologies challenge political capitalism, especially in the writings of Marx and Engels, and Mill. (19C).


REVOLUTIONS, 1815-48 -- Revolutions of National Independence in the Atlantic World, 1776-1829 (Norton iMaps); Europe at the time of the Congress of Vienna, 1815-1848 (The Map as History); and The Revolutions of 1848 (Wadsworth Modules) Optional: France's many revolutions and republics (Khan Academy); Revolutionary Europe 1848 (Norton Anthology of World Literature); and Europe, 1815 and European Revolutions, 1848 (McGraw-Hill).

SOCIALISM -- Capitalism and Socialism (Crash Course World History and transcript) and The Communist Manifesto illustrated by Cartoons [8 minutes].  Optional: Karl Marx (The School of Life); Lectures 21-25 (The History Guide) and Karl Marx [30 minutes] (BBC: The Mark Steel Lectures).


LIBERALISM -- The Harm Principle: How to live your life the way you want to (BBC: A History of Ideas); John Stuart Mill (1806-1873): Introduction, Biography, and On Liberty (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy); and March of Democracy (Maps of War) "See 4,000 years of democracy in 90 seconds."  Optional: On Liberty (Squashed Philosophers); Mill, Autobiography: "A Crisis in my Mental History" [12 minutes]; John Stuart Mill -- On Liberty (2 parts) [20 minutes]; and John Stuart Mill: The Liberal Tradition [30 minutes].





II: Nationalism


THEME: The foundation of modern nation-states in 'murica, Germany, and Italy (mid-19C).


NATIONALISM -- The Western Tradition, 44: The Age of the Nation States and Major European Language Groups and Languages of Central and Eastern Europe (Norton iMaps).  Optional: European Language Groups, c. 1850 and Europe, 1871 (McGraw-Hill); The Peoples of Europe, ca. 1850 (OUP); The Crimean War (Norton iMaps); Victorian art and architecture (Khan Academy); and Nationalism and Revolution and Land of Our Fathers [58 minutes each] (Music in Time).


'MURICA -- Age of Industry: sections 10-12 [10 minutes] (BBC: Andrew Marr's History of the World) and The Civil War, 1861-1865 (Brinkley).  OptionalThe Election of 1860 & the Road to Disunion, The Civil War, Part I, The Civil War, Part II, and Battles of the Civil War (Crash Course US History); American Expansion in the Early 19th Century and American Expansion in the Late 19th Century (Norton iMaps); and the American Civil War section of 'murican History (WebBooks).  And study at least one work:

ITALY -- Unification of Italy and Germany (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); Italian Unification and German Unification, 1815-1871 (Norton iMaps); and Unification of Italy (Wadsworth Modules).  Optional: Unification of Italy (Norton iMaps); Unification of Italy (Pearson Active Maps); Unification of Italy (McGraw-Hill); The Unification of Italy (Pearson); Unifying Italy (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); Italian Unification (Amit Mendelsohn); and Italian satirical map of Europe, 1870 (imgur).  And study at least one work:

GERMANY -- Unification of Germany (Wadsworth Modules) and Nation Building, 1848-1870: Italy, Germany and Comparative Examples: study "Setting: Art and Unification" and "Comparisons: U.S. Civil War" (Wadsworth: History Unbound).  Optional: Forging an Empire: Bismarckian Germany (1866-1890) (German History in Documents and Images); The Road to National Unification (Scheck); Toward the Unification of Germany (Norton iMaps); The German Question, 1815-1871 and Unification of Germany (McGraw-Hill); The Unification of Germany, 1815-1871 (Pearson); The Unification of Germany (Wadsworth); Imperial Germany, 1871 (Bereznay); and Unification of Germany, 1865-1871 (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour).  And study at least one item:


III: Imperialism


EUROPEAN CORE -- The Industrialization of Europe by 1914, Industrialization and Its Impact, 1800-1914, European International Investment, 1914, and Share of World Manufacturing Output 1900 (OUP).


IMPERIALISM -- 19C Imperialism (Crash Course World History and transcript); Patterns of Imperialism and Colonialism: Continuity and Change (OUP); European Imperialism 1880-1900: Theory, Practice, Discourse (Wadsworth: History Unbound); and European Empires in 1900 and Nineteenth-century Migration (Norton iMaps) Optional: Empire: Politics, Conquest, and Dissolution (1500-2000) (Wadsworth: World History Unbound); Empires before World War I and Beginning of World War I: Empires before World War I and German and Italian Empires in 1914 (Khan Academy); Imperialism (Modern World History: Interactive Textbook); An Age of Modernity, Anxiety, and Imperialism, 1891-1914 timeline (Wadsworth); Optional: Colonial Claims, 1900 (McDougal Littell: Chapter Maps); and Nations and Empires, 1850-1914, Imperialism and Colonialism, 1870-1914, Fin de Siècle Europe, An Unsettled World, 1890-1914 (Norton iMaps) Study at least two topics:


Orwell -- Elephant Power (National Geographic) [5 minutes] and "Shooting An Elephant": George Orwell's Essay on his Life in Burma (NEH).  Optional: Exploring Burma through George Orwell (NPR) and Orwell's Burma (Time Traveler).




IV: Realism and Impressionism


THEME: Emerging artistic movements challenge political capitalism (19C).


ART -- Becoming Modern (Khan Academy) and The Art of the Western World, 7: A Fresh View -- Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, Part I [until minute 28.23].  Optional: The Rise of Modernism: Art of the Later 19th Century (Online study Guide for Gardner's Art through the Ages: The Western Perspective).


PHOTOGRAPHY -- Early Photography: Niépce, Talbot and Muybridge (Khan Academy).  Optional: Photo Seed: early 19-20C photography.


REALISM -- A beginner's guide to Realism (Khan Academy).  Optional: Realism in France 19th Century, Part 1: Daumier and Courbet [28 minutes] (Mencher)And study the red works and at least one other by any artist.

IMPRESSIONISM -- How the Impressionists Got Their Name (Khan Academy).  Optional: The Art Story; Impressionism: Color in Art (Artyfactory); The First Impressionist Exhibition, 1874 (Artchive); WebMuseum; EyconArt; The Impressionists with Tim Marlow [60 minutes]; Impressionism: A Circle of Friends (WetCanvas); Waldemar Januszczak: The Impressionists (BBC: Your Paintings) [6 minutes]; and The Impressionists (BBC: Richard Armitage).  And study the red works and at least one other by any artist.




V: Post-Impressionism


THEME: Art and conquest in the age of European imperialism before World War I (1914).


POST-IMPRESSIONISM -- The Art Story; Post Impressionism: The Roots of Modern Art (Artyfactory); and The Art of the Western World, 7: A Fresh View -- Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, Part II [minutes 28.23-55.10].  Optional: Post-Impressionism and Sculpture (Khan Academy).  And study the red items and at least four other works by at least three different artists:

ARCHITECTURE -- Optional: 19th C Technology and Architecture [15 minutes] (Mencher).  Study at least one building:

MUSIC: Impressionist -- Study at least one musical piece:






THEME: Russian artists challenge Western European Isms (19C).  Study these materials for our first Tolstoy reading.


RUSSIA -- The Western Tradition, 45: A New Public; Age of Industry: sections 7-9 [7 minutes] (BBC: Andrew Marr's History of the World).  Optional: Russian Expansion (1801-1914) (Norton) and The Mighty Fistful [58 minutes] (Music in Time).


TOLSTOY -- Tolstoy (Famous Authors) and Images of Tolstoy (The Voice of Russia's Global Discussion).  Optional: The Last Station (2009): review (Roger Ebert); Tolstoy (BBC: In Our Time) [45-minute audio]; Tolstoy's estate at Yasnaya Polyana (Wikipedia); and Leo Tolstoy at Yasnaya Polyana [2 minutes].


lILA REPIN -- An Introduction to the Peredvizhniki (The Wanderers) (Khan Academy) and Art of Russia, II: Roads to Revolution, segments 11-14 [10 minutes] (BBC: Andrew Graham-Dixon).  Optional: Russian Painting during the Age of Romanticism and Nineteenth-Century Russian Art: "Ideological Realism" (Dartmouth College); and Realism (Early Twenty-Century Russian Drama).  And study the red item and at least one other item:


II: The Death of Ivan Ilych


TOLSTOY -- The Big Read: Promo [6 minutes] and Reader's Guide (NEA).  Optional: Book Of A Lifetime: The Death of Ivan Ilyich, By Leo Tolstoy (The Independent) and Structure and themes [14 minutes] (John Krapp).



III: Dostoevsky


DOSTOEVSKY -- The Western Tradition, 46: Fin de Siècle; The Brothers Karamazov (Thug Notes); Vasily Perov, Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1872); Fyodor Dostoyevsky - Peter Ustinov (Peter Ustinov's Russia, 1986) [7 minutes]; and Monty Python: The Spanish Inquisition [9 minutes].  Optional: Dostoevsky (Books and Writers); The Dark Knight / The Grand Inquisitor and Notes from Underground (Thug Notes); Mass Society in an "Age of Progress," 1874-1891 timeline; The Soviet film of The Brothers Karamazov (1969) curiously substitutes another story for Dostoevsky's original "The Grand Inquisitor" scene [8 minutes]; The Grand Inquisitor: a clever short story drawing loosely on Dostoevsky's parable [22 minutes]; and The Existentialist Frame of Mind (The History Guide)


MODEST MUSSORGSKY -- Ilya Repin, Modest Mussorgsky (1881).  And study at least one of the musical works:




IV: Vienna


THEME: New ways of understanding humanity through philosophy and the arts at the turn of the century (1900).


NIETZSCHE (German) -- Nietzsche, Freud and the Thrust Toward Modernism, Part 1 and Part 2 (The History Place); Friedrich Nietzsche [7 minutes] (The School of Life); and Friedrich Nietzsche (Three Minute Philosophy) Optional: The Revolt Against the Western Intellectual Tradition: Friedrich Nietzsche and the Birth of Modernism (The History Guide) and Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil [50 minutes] (BBC).


FREUD (Austrian) -- Sigmund Freud [7 minutes] (The School of Life).  Optional: Sigmund Freud: Exploring the Unconscious [25 minutes]; Sigmund Freud (serious fun) [30 minutes] (BBC: Mark Steel); Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy; Sigmund Freud Museum, Vienna; The full Interpretation of Dreams in English translation (1911); Sigmund Freud [51 minutes]; Dream Interpretation Online Course [2 minutes]; City of Dreams (Vienna 1900-1935): Sigmund Freud [4 minutes] (Philharmonia Orchestra); and 1913: When Hitler, Trotsky, Tito, Freud and Stalin all lived in the same place (BBC).


SYMBOLISM -- Optional: Symbolism and Art Nouveau (Khan Academy); Dancing over the edge: Vienna in 1914 (BBC); City of Dreams (Vienna 1900-1935): Social Changes in 20th Century Vienna [6 minutes], Popular Culture [5 minutes], Technology in Vienna [3 minutes], and Art in Vienna Part 2 [3 minutes] (Philharmonia Orchestra); The Art of the Western World, 8: Into the Twentieth Century, Part I; The Secession Building (Secession); Otto Wagner, Post Office Savings Bank (1906); Vienna Secession: Klimt, Freud, and Jung (Suites Culturelles); and The Allure of Art Nouveau: Vienna [57 minutes] (BBC) And study at least the red item:

SURREALISM -- Introduction to Surrealism (Khan Academy).  Optional: The Art Story; Surrealism: The Dream of Revolution (All Art); Surrealism (The Minneapolis Museum of Arts); and Surrealism and Freudian Theory and The Surrealist Object (Art History Unstuffed).  And study at the red item and at least one other by any artist:

MUSIC -- Study at least one piece:




V: Paris


THEME: More new ways of understanding humanity through the arts (early 20C).


STRAVNISKY -- Pablo Picasso, Igor Stravinsky (1920); Listening Guide: Stravinsky's Rite of Spring [9 minutes] (Philharmonia Orchestra); and The Rite of Spring: Joffrey Ballet (1987) [30 minutes].  Optional: Stravinsky's Rite of Spring  [55 minutes] (PBS: Keeping Score); Essential Classics (NPR); Stravinsky (ArtsAlive); Documentary [29 minutes] and concert [35 minutes] (Euro Arts Music: Discovering Masterpieces of Classical Music); Milestones of the Millennium: The Rite of Spring (NPR); Walt Disney, Fantasia: Part 1: Genesis (1942): Disney's animated interpretation of The Rite of Spring [7 minutes], with Part 2: Evolution [9 minutes] and Part 3: Extinction [5 minutes]; and Le Sacre du Sacre, a composition student in The Netherlands breaks and bends a few musical rules, beginning with Stravinsky [4 minutes].


MODERNISM -- Modern Art Timeline 1: Artists, Movements and Styles in Modern Art (1870-1930) (Artyfactory).  Optional: Early abstraction: Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism and Futurism (Khan Academy); La Belle Epoque: Paris 1914 and Berlin 1914: A city of ambition and self-doubt (BBC); The Art of the Western World, 8: Into the Twentieth Century, Part I; Herbert Kline's The Challenge: A Tribute to Modern Art [100 minutes]. Aspects of Modernism: The Visual Arts, 1863-1939 and Comparing Modern Art: Realism and the Beginnings of Modernism (Wadsworth Modules); Modern Art Timeline 2: Artists, Movements and Styles in Modern Art (1916-1975) (Artyfactory); and The Turn of the Century [58 minutes] (Music in Time). 


And study the required introductory articles for at least three of these five artistic movements, along with at least one work from each movement:


ART NOUVEAU -- The Art Story.  Optional: Art Deco, Art Deco Byzantine-Deco architecture, and Barcelona (Essential Architecture) and Paris [49 minutes] (BBC: Sex and Sensibility -- The Allure of Art Nouveau).

FAUVISM -- The Art Story; A Beginner's Guide to Fauvism (Khan Academy); and Artyfactory.

CUBISM -- The Art Story and ArtyfactoryOptional: Artchive; Cubism (MMOA); The MoMA's Hot Mamas and Gender and Sexuality in European Art from the Late Nineteenth to the Early Twentieth Centuries (Farber); and Cubist architecture (Essential Architecture). 

EXPRESSIONISM -- Expressionism: The Spirit of Expressionist Art (Artyfactory) and WebMuseum Optional: 20th C Expressionism: Klimt, Munch, and Kirchner [31 minutes] (Mencher); German Expressionism and Der Blaue Reiter (MOMA); and German Expressionism, Der Blaue Reiter, and Der Blaue Reiter Painting (Art History Unstuffed). 

DADA -- The Art Story Optional: Dada [35 minutes] (Mencher); DADA Companion; Dada on Display at the National Gallery of Art (NPR); Dada and the Great War (Art History Unstuffed); and Behold the Buffoon’: Dada, Nietzsche’s Ecce Homo and the Sublime (Tate: The Art of the Sublime).






THEME: The First War to End All Wars redefines realities (1914-18).


WORLD WAR I -- The Western Tradition, 47: The First World War and the Rise of Fascism [minute 00-7.45]; Europe Plunges into War (The Map as History); World War I: the Global Theater, World War I: the European and Middle Eastern Theaters, and Outcomes of World War I in Europe, North Africa, and Some of the Middle East (Norton iMaps); and World War I Troop Strength and Casualties (Holt, Rinehart and Winston)Optional: The Origins of World War I (Wadsworth Modules); Beginning of World War I (Khan Academy); If WWI were a bar fight; World War One (Modern World History: Interactive Textbook); Militarism and Alliances in Europe, 1914 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); World War I: Eastern and Western Europe (Norton iMaps); and The Origins of World War I (Wadsworth: History Unbound); and 1917: Did the War Cause a Revolution? (Digital History Reader).


WESTERN FRONT -- The Western Front (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion) Optional: Western and Eastern fronts of World War I and Other fronts of World War I (Khan Academy); The First World War, World War I in Europe, 1914-1918, The Western Front, 1914-1918, WWI: Western Front, The Western Front, and Territorial Gains, 1914-19 (McGraw-Hill); U.S. Battles, 1918 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); European Alliances On The Eve Of The First World War, The Balkans, 1878-1914, The Schlieffen Plan, The Great War, 1914–1916, and The Great War, 1917-1918 (Norton iMaps); America in World War I: The Western Front, 1918 and Influenza Epidemic (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Maps); and All Quiet on the Western Front: Thug Notes and Lessons of the Great War: All Quiet on the Western Front (Thomson Learning Center); and Death on the eve of Armistice (The Open University: Michael Palin). 

THE SOMME (1916) -- The Battle of the Somme (PBS), and Battle of the Somme: 1 July-13 November 1916 and Animated Map: Battle of the Somme (BBC).  Optional: The Somme [29 minutes] (War Walks: Richard Holmes); The Somme [50 minutes] (History Channel); Battle of the Somme (BBC History Trail); The Human Face of War, and World War I soldier wills digitised for online archive (BBC); Why was the Battle of the Somme film bigger than Star Wars? (BBC: iWonder); Battle of the Somme: Battlefield, Film, Photographs, and Texts (including a lengthy excerpt from Robert Graves' Goodbye to All That); Thiepval War Memorial Virtual Tour (BBC); The Battle of the Somme (CWGC); and Ypres and the Somme Today (Echoes of War).

ART -- Optional: World War I and Dada (Khan Academy) and British Art and Literature during WWI (Khan Academy); and The Art of War (BBC War Art Documentary).  Study at least two works by two different artists:



II: Petrograd



THEME: Russia emerges from World War I with totalitarian socialism (1917-41).


USSR -- Art of Russia, III: Smashing the Mold, segments 1-6 [22 minutes] (BBC: Andrew Graham-Dixon); War and Revolution in Russia 1914-1921 (BBC); "A New World Arisen": Russia's Revolutions, 1900-1924: Setting, Power on Paper, and Perspectives (Wadsworth: History Unbound); and The Soviet Union (Norton iMaps).  Optional: Lectures on Twentieth Century Europe, 5-7 (The History Guide); Seventeen Moments in Soviet History; Russia in the 20th Century (Mapping History); The Soviet Union, 1928-1941 (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); The Face of Russia (PBS); Russian Revolution (Internet Modern History Sourcebook); Early Twenty-Century Russian Drama: Designers, Directors, Plays, and Visual Arts (Northwestern U. Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures); and Alexander Palace Time Machine


ART -- Study at least two works:

MUSIC -- Study at least one work:


MEXICAN MODERNISM -- Study at least the red works:




III: Berlin and Rome


THEME: In the inter-war era, Germany and Italy transform into powerful totalitarian fascist nations (1919-39).


THE LONG WEEKEND -- Europe After World War I (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); The Western Tradition, 47: The First World War and the Rise of Fascism [begin at minute 7.45]; and Europe after World War I (The Map as History).  Optional: The Age of Anxiety: Europe in the 1920s, Part 1 and Part 2 (The History Guide); Treaty of Versailles Activity (BBC); German and Italian Expansion, 1936-1939 (Norton iMaps); The End of Optimism? The Great Depression in Europe (Digital History Reader); Changes in Europe, 1919 and Politics in Europe, 1930s (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); Territorial Settlements 1919-26 and The League of Nations (McGraw-Hill); and The Political Revolution of the 1930s (Mapping History).




GERMANY -- The Age of Totalitarianism: Stalin and Hitler: study Hitler (The History Guide) and The Swastika: Catawba College's annual Optional: The Weimar Republic: The Fragility of Democracy (Facing History and Ourselves); Rise of Hitler and the Nazis and Rise of Mussolini and Fascism (Khan Academy); Adolf Hitler: Man and monster (BBC iWonder); The Fatal Attraction of Adolf Hitler (BBC); Order from Stone: Nazi Architecture (U. Michigan: Art under Fascism); and Top Ten Nazi Architecture and Fascist Stripped Classical (German) (Essential Architecture) And study at least two topics:

PROPAGANDA -- Experiencing Hitler Through Film [3 minutes] (BBC: Dark Charisma of Hitler, Part 1); The Power of Nazi Propaganda (Reason TV on USHMM exhibit) [6 minutes]; and The Führer and Youth (Adolf Hitler with a Little Girl), Postcard (1933) (GHDI).  Optional: State of Deception: The Power of Nazi Propaganda and May 10, 1933, The Burning of Books [3 minutes] (USHMM); Nazi Propaganda and The Fatal Attraction of Adolf Hitler (BBC); Nazi and East German Propaganda (Calvin College); "Reich Party Rally for Freedom," Nuremberg (September 1, 1935) and Display Window with Busts of Hitler: Souvenirs from the "Reich Party Rally for Freedom," Nuremberg (Fall 1935) (GHDI); Art as a Political Statement in the 1930s (Online study Guide for Gardner's Art through the Ages: The Western Perspective); and Walt Disney, The Story of One of "Hitler's Children" as Adopted from Education for Death (1943) [10 minutes].

NAZI ART -- Art in Nazi Germany and House of German Art and the Entartete Kunst exhibition (Khan Academy).  Optional: House of German Art and the Degenerate Art Show photographs (1937) (Totalitarian Art: Werckmeister); In the Shadow of Hitler, segments 2-3 [5 minutes] (Graham-Dixon: Art of Germany, 3); The Nazi Aesthetic: New Online Database Makes Third Reich Art Public (Spiegel, 2011) and GDK Research – research platform for images of the Great German Art Exhibitions 1937-1944 in Munich, with tour of rooms and search engine, with depictions of Hitler; Nazi History Painting (Painting History); Naked bodies, ideal world: Online archive shows Hitler's artistic vision (DW); House of German Art (Haus der Deutschen Kunst) (Traces of Evil: Remaining Nazi Sites in Germany); Haus der Deutschen Kunst, Munich (Third Reich in Ruins); Nazi Approved Art (Florida Holocaust Museum); The Visualisation of National Socialist Ideology; Works of Art from Nazi Germany (Skidmore); Chaos and Classicism: Art in France, Italy, and Germany, 1918-1936 (The Guggenheim on Art Babble); German Art in its Nazi Expression and Arno Breker: Hitler's Michelangelo (Searching for Hitler and His Henchmen); The Visualisation of National Socialist Ideology (The Censure of Democracy); First "Great German Art Exhibition": "Direction-Setting Works of German Art" (July 18, 1937) (GHDI); and Berlin (Totalitarian Art). And study at least one artwork:




FASCISM -- Europe 1933, Italy indicated and Italy, 1939 (USHMM); and Hitler visits Rome (1938): brief article (History Today) and video [1 minutes].  Optional: Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) (BBC); Benito Mussolini: What is Fascism, 1932 (Modern History Sourcebook); Rome (Totalitarian Art: Werckmeister); Rationalist-Fascist Architecture (Italian Fascist) and Esposizione Universale Roma (EUR, 1935) (Essential Architecture); Hitler Visits Italy: pictures (1934) (The Hitler Pages: Historical Hitler Sites); and Carl Mydans, The Elderly Butcher Boy of Fascism (09 May 1940) (Iconic Photos).


FUTURISM -- Italian Futurism: An Introduction (Khan Academy).  Optional: The Art Story and Futurist architecture (Essential Architecture).  And study at least one art work:




IV: Guernica


THEME: Competing ideologies drive Europe into the Second War to End All Wars, anticipated by the Spanish Civil War and captured by Picasso's Guernica (1930s).


MOVING TOWARD WORLD WAR II -- German and Italian Expansion, 1935-1939, Hitler's Actions in Europe 1936-1939, and The Causes of World War II in Europe, 1935-1939 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion).  Optional: German gains, 1936-1938 and Partition of Czechoslovakia, 1938-1939 (USHMM); Three Patterns of Modernity, 1850-1939 (OUP); and War and Peace [60 minutes] (Music in Time).


SPANISH CIVIL WAR (1936-39) -- The Spanish Civil War (Norton iMaps) and Salvador Dali, Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War) (1936).  Optional: The Spanish Civil War [26 minutes] (PBS: Between the Wars); Paths of Memory: 1936-1939 (European Union Culture 2000); and The Visual Front: Posters of the Spanish Civil War from UCSD's Southworth Collection (U. of CA at San Diego).


GUERNICA (1937) -- Picasso's Guernica and essay (Khan Academy); and Guernica (2002): Marcelo Ricardo Ortiz's clever 3D animation with Duran Duran (The Chauffer, 1983), Vincent van Gogh (Bedroom in Arles, 1888), Salvador Dali (The Persistence of Memory, 1931), M. C. Escher (Relativity, 1953), and Picasso (Guernica).  Optional: Guernica: Testimony of War (PBS: Treasures of the World); The Legacy of Guernica (BBC); War and Peace in the Art of Pablo Picasso: "Guernica" (1937) and Pablo Picasso (1881-1973): From the Spanish Civil War to Vietnam (David Hart); Farber; Artyfactory; Gio's Paint Brush [6 minutes]; The Mystical North: Spanish Art from the 19th Century to the Present, segments 12-13 (BBC: Graham-Dixon); Totalitarian Art; and Keiskamma Guernica (2010).

DEGENERATE ART -- Degenerate art: Why Hitler hated modernism (BBC) and In the Shadow of Hitler, segments 8-10 [9 minutes] (Graham-Dixon: Art of Germany, 3) Optional: Degenerate Art (Entartete Kunst) (U. of South Florida: A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust); "Degenerate" Art (The Greatest Theft in History); From Picasso to Munich: Chaos and Classicism: Modernism between the Wars (Haber); Architecture in the Early 20th Century, Modernism, Bauhaus, DeStijl and International Style [27 minutes] (Mencher); Degenerate Art: Exhibition Guide (1937), Degenerate Art: "Take Dada Seriously! – It’s Worth It ", "German Peasants – From a Jewish Perspective", and Wilhelm Lehmbruck’s Large Kneeling Woman (1937); and Degenerate Art: The Nazis vs. Expressionism [56 minutes]; and 1925: The Year in Review (Artchive).   And study at least one building or artwork:

WORDS -- W. H. Auden, Refugee Blues (1939) (Peace Pledge Union), To an Unknown Citizen (1939), and Funeral Blues (1936) recited in Four Weddings and a Funeral (1994) [2 minutes].


MUSIC -- Samuel Barber, Adagio for Strings (1936) [6 minutes] and The Impact of Barber's Adagio for Strings (NPR): read the main article and What Makes It Great: Barber's Adagio (read and listen from the "More Barber Stories" section) NPR). And study at least one other musical piece:


V: Normandy


THEME: The Second War to End All Wars in Europe (1939-45).


WORLD WAR II -- The Western Heritage, 48: The Second World War; World War II (Crash Course World History and transcript); World War Two: History's most savage and devastating war (BBC iWonder); and World War Two: Summary Outline of Key Events (BBC).  Optional: World War II: In Depth and Timeline (USHMM); Timeline of World War II (PBS: The War); Hitler and World War Two (The History Guide); The Second World War in Europe (Norton iMaps); and The Second World War: five maps and Conflicts in WWII (Norton, requires Google Earth).


EUROPE -- World War II in Europe and North Africa, 1939-1941 and The War in Europe and North Africa, 1942-1945 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion).  Optional: World War II in Europe: Summary and Timeline (USHMM); World War II (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Maps); World War II: the European Theater (Norton iMaps); World War II in Europe and North Africa and Allied Advances and Collapse of German Power (Wadsworth); and Dark Charisma of Hitler, Part 2 and Part 3 (BBC).  And study the red topics and at least two others:


FRANCE, I (10 May-22 June 1940) -- Animated Map: The Fall of France (Dunkirk) and The Fall of France (BBC).  Optional: German Invasion of Western Europe, May 1940, German invasion of western Europe, 1940, German conquests in Europe, 1939-1942 map, and Occupation of the southern zone, November 1942 (USHMM); June 23, 1940 Paris (The Hitler Pages: Historical Hitler Sites).

BRITAIN (1939-45) -- Battle of Britain and The Blitz (BBC) and St. Paul's Cathedral during the Blitz: images only (Daily Mail).  Optional: The Battle of Britain (BBC); The Bombers and the Bombed: Coventry, England (1940) and Lübeck, Germany (1942) (BBC: WW2 Movies); The Battle of Britain (History Animated); Balham in the Blitz and now – interactive: click on the image to change (14 October 1940) (The Guardian); and The Anglo-American raids on Hamburg during the Second World War (1943) (The Guardian).


NORTH AFRICA (13 September 1940-13 May 1943) -- Animated Map: The North African Campaign (BBC).  Optional: Southern Europe and North Africa Campaign Interactive Map (EDSITEment!); North African Campaigns, 1942-1945 (Pearson); North Africa (History Animated); The Battle of El Alamein, Animated Map: The Battle of El Alamein, Allied Landings in French North Africa and Second Battle of El Alamein (BBC); Focus on: Kasserine Pass (The National WWII Museum, New Orleans); and Poet Keith Douglas on El Alamein (The Guardian)


ITALY (10 July 1943-02 May 1945) -- Animated Map: The Italian Campaign (BBC).  Optional: Defeat of Nazi Germany, 1942-1945 and Italy (USHMM); The 'D-Day Dodgers', Allied Landings in Sicily, Allied Landings in Italy, Battle of Monte Cassino and World War Two: The Battle of Monte Cassino (BBC); German-occupied areas of Italy, 1943, Major Nazi camps in Occupied Italy, 1943-1944, Italy, camps for displaced persons, and Deportations from Italy, 1943-1945 (USHMM); The Man Who Never Was and Jean Leslie (1923-2010); Focus on: Stalemate at Anzio (The National WWII Museum, New Orleans); The Battles of Cassino, 1944 (Commonwealth War Graves Commission: Information Leaflets); and Roger Waters pens poem for veteran who found father's place of death (Anzio, 1944) (The Guardian).

FRANCE, II: Normandy (06 June 1944) -- Operation Overlord: D-Day to Paris and Animated Map: Operation Overlord, and D-Day: How was the biggest ever seaborne invasion launched? (BBC); and North Europe Campaign Interactive Map (EDSITEment!).  Optional: Special Section: D-Day and Operation Overlord (BBC); D-Day (Pearson: Events that changed the world); Encyclopedia Britannica's Guide to Normandy 1944; The Normandy Landings: text and animated map (The War Times Journal); D-Day (Guardian); D-Day (McGraw-Hill: Beyond the Textbook); The Allies Land on D-Day (Pearson: History Interactive); The 5 Phases of D-Day Explained: Infographic and 9,000 Fallen Soldiers Etched onto the Normandy Beaches in this Amazing Artwork (Made from History); and Saving Private Ryan (1998): Parts 1, 2, and 3. 


BERLIN (June 1944-May 1945) -- The Battle for Berlin in World War Two and World War Two: How the Allies Won (BBC); and Raising Flag Over the Reichstag and Three Flags of Khaldei (Iconic Photos).  Optional: Ian Kershaw, "Europe's Second Thirty Years War," History Today, 55/9 (2005); Victory in Europe and Japan (BBC) and End of the War in the Main-Spessart Region (Third Reich in Ruins); Battle off the Bulge: shorter and longer versions (BBC) and USHMM; Why Hitler's grand plan during the second world war collapsed (The Guardian); Köln and Pariser Platz an Reichstag (Traces of Evil: Remaining Nazi Sites in Germany); Nuremberg and Berlin (Totalitarian Art: Werckmeister); and Battle of Berlin: Part 2 and Raising Flag Over the Reichstag, When Hitler Met His End, and The End of the Thousand-Year Reich (Iconic Photos).





VI: Hiroshima


THEME: The Second War to End All Wars in Asia and the Pacific (1935-45).


WORLD WAR II: Asia and the Pacific -- World War II: Pacific, 1939-1945 (The National Archives) [6 minutes]; World War II in the Pacific and Pacific Basin, Japanese expansion (USHMM); and World War II: the Pacific Theater (Norton iMaps or here).  Optional: World War II in the Pacific (Houghton Mifflin); World War II Pacific Animated Maps (History Animated); World War Two: The Pacific Theater (Mapping History); War in the Pacific, 1936-45 and World War II in Asia and the Pacific, 1941-1945 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); and Ken Burns' The War (PBS, 2007), with full episodes at NCLiveAnd study the red topics and at least three others:


PEARL HARBOR (07 December 1941) -- Pearl Harbor: A Rude Awakening (BBC); Surprise Attack! Pearl Harbor and Japanese Aggression, December 1941-June 1942 (Pearson: History Interactive); and Pearl Harbour (from Above) and The Pearl Harbour Attacks (Iconic Photos).


SINGAPORE (8 December 1941-15 February 1942) -- Wikipedia: first two paragraphs; The Battle for Malaya (History Animated); and Jack Sharpe (Iconic Photos).  Optional: Fall Singapore and Malaya (BBC) and Fall of Singapore (Australia's War 1939-1945).  Optional: The Surrender of Singapore (15 February 1942) (Iconic Photos); "I Will Walk Out On My Own Two Feet" (CM War Stories, 2006); Horror of the fall recalled in POW homage (The Guardian, 2002); and Kranji War Cemetery and the Singapore Memorials (Commonwealth War Graves Commission: Information Leaflets); and Doolittle Raid (18 April 1942): EyeWitness to History: introduction, History Animated, and Naval History & Heritage.


BURMA -- The Burma Campaign, The Burma Campaign 1941-1945, and Animated Map: The Burma Campaign (BBC).  Optional: Maps of the China-Burma-India Theater of World War II and Defence of Imphal and Kohima (BBC); Revealed: The terrible suffering and extraordinary courage of British WW2 soldiers fighting the Japanese in the Burmese jungle (Mail Online); and The Burma-Siam Railway and Its Cemeteries (Commonwealth War Graves Commission: Information Leaflets).

MIDWAY (03-07 June 1942) -- World War II in the Pacific (Houghton Mifflin); The Battle of Midway, 1942 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); The Battle of Midway (BBC); and Island-Hopping in the Pacific, 1942-1945 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion).  Optional: Battle of Midway: The Japanese Attack and The American Counterattack (US Navy History) [9 minutes]; History Animated; and Catawba Alumnus Pilot of Famous Flying Dud. 


GUADALCANAL (August 1942-February 1943) -- History Animated.   Optional: Focus on: Guadalcanal (The National WWII Museum, New Orleans); Guadalcanal Campaign (Naval History & Heritage); First Offensive: The Marine Campaign For Guadalcanal (Marines in World War II Commemorative Series); and Hell in the Pacific: The rare pictures that reveal reality of the Battle of Guadalcanal (Mail Online).



IWO JIMA (February-March 1945) -- History Animated; The First Flag on Iwo Jima (Iconic Photos); and Japan: No Surrender in World War Two (BBC).  Optional: Japan's Plan (PBS: American Experience: Victory in the Pacific).


OKINAWA (April-June 1945) -- History Animated Optional: Profile: Japan's Okinawa (BBC); Ken Burn's The War, Episode 7: A World Without War -- March 1945-September 1945 (PBS) [minutes 0.00.00-0.27.15 and 0.54.20-1.05.17]; and Civilians on Okinawa (PBS: American Experience: Victory in the Pacific). 


HIROSHIMA and NAGASAKI (06 and 09 August 1945) -- Age of Extremes: section 8 [8 minutes] (BBC: Andrew Marr's History of the World); Nuclear Power: The End of the War Against Japan (BBC); and Keisuke Yamamoto, Hiroshima (1948) Optional: Hiroshima remembers atomic bomb (BBC).

VJ -- The Costs of War (PBS: American Experience: Victory in the Pacific); VJ Day (BBC); and VJ Day Kiss (Iconic Photos).


THE WORLD AT WAR -- World War II, A War for Resources (Crash Course World History).




HUMANE RIGHTS, I: Culture Wars


THEME: Casualties of the Second War to End All Wars, Part I: Culture (1933-45).


STOLEN ART -- The Nazi Plundering of Europe  [44 minutes] (BBC).  Optional: Nazi Art Theft (National Geographic); Louvre: Le Louvre pendant la guerre (Liberation Culture), The Louvre During the War (Le Blog, 2009), and How the French Hid the Louvre’s Masterpieces During WWII (Twisted Sifter); Top 10 Famous Pieces of Art Stolen by the Nazis (toptenz); Führermuseum, Nazi plunder, and Soviet Trophy Brigades (Wikipedia); Hitler's Museum: The Secret History of Art Theft during World War II; In the Shadow of Hitler, segment 11 [4 minutes] (Graham-Dixon: Art of Germany, 3); and Top Ten ARTnews Stories: Tracking the Trophy Brigade (2007).

MONUMENTS MEN (Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives Program, 1943-46) -- The WWII soldiers who saved art [3 minutes] (BBC); The Monuments Men and Women [5 minutes]; map (Harvard Magazine); and The Monuments Men film with trailer (2014).  Optional: A. S. Pennoyer and the Monuments Men: photographic exhibit (Princeton U.); Monumental Mission (Smithsonian); Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art; Monuments Men: this commercial site supports Robert M. Edsel's The Mounments Men and Saving Italy (2013); Monuments Men: Tracking looted treasures (DW, 2013); World War II “Monuments Men” Archival Collections at the Archives of American Art (Smithsonian: Archives of American Art) for the exhibition (07 February-20 April 2014 exhibits; Treasure Hunters in Uniform: ‘Monuments Men’ Remembered (NY Times, February 2013); and National Archives Announces Discovery of "Hitler Albums" Documenting Looted Art (2007); and Henry Ettlinger: Biography and video (Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art).  Optional: Meet the Jersey guy who helped liberate art from Nazi Germany (, 2010); 'Monuments Men' veteran predicts more Nazi-seized art will surface with interview [2 minutes] (Reuters, 2013); and In Rockaway Township, Ettlinger shares his story of Monuments Men (


ART WORKS and BUILDINGS (arranged chronologically) -- Study the red items and at least two others (art work and/or buildings):


II-IV: Holocaust



THEME: Casualties of the Second War to End All Wars, Part I: People, captured by the Holocaust experiences depicted in Elie Wiesel's Night (1933-45).


Night, 1


THE HOLOCAUST -- Auschwitz Birkenau: introductory paragraph and video [3 minutes] (UNESCO World Heritage Sites) and here; The Final Solution (The Holocaust, The Shoah) (The Map as History); The Holocaust, 1939-1945 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); Introduction to the Holocaust: text and animated map, World War II and the Holocaust (Animated Map), Concentration Camps, 1942–1945, and European rail system, 1939 (USHMM).  Optional: Genocide Under the Nazis (The Holocaust) (BBC); The Holocaust (McGraw-Hill); Memory of the Camps: Introduction, Map, and Full Program Online [53 minutes] (PBS); Mapping the SS Concentration Camp System over Space and Time (USHMM); Shtetl (PBS); The Holocaust (The Open University); and Where Were the Camps?, Hitler’s “Final Solution”: Jews Marked for Death, and Deportation Railways (Norton iMaps).

WIESEL -- Elie Wiesel, Romania 1933 (with Sighet Marmatiei indicated), Ghettos in occupied Hungary, 1944, and Deportations from Hungarian ghettos to Auschwitz (USHMM); and Life in Sighet, Romania, 1920-1939 (PBS: Elie Wiesel: First Person Singular).  Optional Elie Wiesel: First Person Singular [55 minutes] (PBS); Facing Hate [57 minutes] (Bill Moyers); Elie Wiesel: Dead Stars, Dead Eyes [58 minutes] (2002); Night study and teachers' guides (Macmillan); and Oprah's Book Club.


Night, 2


AUSCHWITZ -- Auschwitz: text and animated map (USHMM); How could they get away with it? (Time Travel Turtle); and Interactive Map (PBS: Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi State).  Optional: A Virtual Tour of Auschwitz/Birkenau ( A Cybrary of the Holocaust); The Last Expression: Art and Auschwitz; Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum (USHMM); Auschwitz: Blueprint for Genocide [49 minutes] (PBS)' and God on Trial [88 minutes] (2009).

Night, 3



AUSCHWITZ -- Beethoven's Violin Concerto in D major op. 61, the last movement of the concerto likely referenced on Night, p. 95: listen while reading the articles below [last 11 minutes].  


DEATH MARCH -- Death Marches and Major death marches from Auschwitz (USHMM).



MEMORIALS -- Speech delivered by Elie Wiesel in 1995, at the ceremony to mark the 50th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz (PBS: Elie Wiesel: First Person Singular) and Poland Rediscovered, segments 6-7 [5 minutes] (Rick Steves). Optional: Holocaust Memorials (Facing History and Ourselves) (PBS). And study at least one building.

REFUGEES -- European Refugee Movements After World War Two (BBC) and Aftermath of the Holocaust and Bergen-Belsen Displaced Persons Camp: text and map (USHMM).





V: Rights

THEME: The struggle to redefine humanity in terms of rights and the arts after World War II (1945-89).


COLD WAR -- The Western Tradition, 49: The Cold War and 50: Europe and the Third World; Cold War (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Maps); and Territorial Changes in Europe After the Second World War (Norton iMaps); and Decolonization in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia since 1945, The Accelerating Pace of Change, 1850-1962, "The End of History," and the Capitalist-Democratic Order, and The Human Impact on the Planet, 1950 and 2011 (OUP).  Optional: The Cold War (Mapping History); Cold War in Europe: 1945-1990 (Wadsworth Modules); Communism: Development and Duration, 1917-2000 animated map; and One Giant Leap for Dogkind: Laika in space and art (Espionart).  And study at least three topics:

Study the red art objects below and least two other items (artworks or buildings):


ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM -- The Art Story.   Optional: Abstract Expressionism and the New York School (Khan Academy) and Abstract Expressionism (ArtLex).


NEW YORK SCHOOL -- Neo-Dada (The Art Story).


POP ART -- The Art Story Optional: Pop and "Getting" Contemporary Art (Khan Academy).

EARTH ART -- Smithson, Spiral Jetty, 1970 (Khan Academy).  Optional: Minimalism and Earthworks (Khan Academy); Conceptual Art (The Art Story); and Learner: Art Through Time.




ARCHITECTURE -- New York Architecture: International Style III and Postmodernism (Essential Architecture).





VI: Questions (not assigned for Spring 2015)


THEME: From the Reformation to the Present, continuing questions about humanity's present and future (1989-present).


THE END OF THE WESTERN TRADITION -- The Western Tradition, 51: The Technological Revolution and 52: Toward the Future.  Optional: Today and Tomorrow [58 minutes] (Music in Time).


BERLIN (1989) -- Revolutions in Eastern Europe (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); 1989: The Walls Came Tumbling Down (The History Guide); and The Berlin Wall in the cold war and now - interactive (The Guardian).  Optional: Collapse of the Communist Bloc in Europe (Norton iMaps); Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall [3 minutes]; Berlin Wall, Berlin [6 minutes] (World Site Guides); Hans Scharoun, Berlin Philharmonic (1956-63) (ArchDaily); and The Deadly Love of the GDR (Espionart).

USSR (1991) -- Breakup of the Soviet Union, 1991 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion) and The Breakup of the Soviet Union (Norton iMaps). Optional: The Art of Russia, III: Smashing the Mould (BBC: Andrew Graham-Dixon) [60 minutes]. 


NYC (2001) -- 9/11 Attacks: 102 Minutes That Changed America and related media ( and Leonard Slatkin conducts the BBC Orchestra in Barber's Adagio for Strings (1936) during "The Last Night of the Proms" in Albert Hall, London (15 September 2001) [10 minutes].  Optional: U2 Super Bowl 36 Halftime Performance (2002) [7 minutes] and Requiems (Alex Ross: The Rest is Noise, 2001).


Study Art, Architecture, and at least three works by at least two artists or architects:


ART -- Art in the 21st Century (Khan Academy).  Optional: From the Modern to the Postmodern and beyond: Art of the Later 20th Century (Online And study Guide for Gardner's Art through the Ages: The Western Perspective).  And study at least two artworks:

ARCHITECTURE -- The world's 25 greatest modern buildings (CNN, 2010) and 50 Strange Buildings of the World for fun (Essential Architecture).  Optional: Great modern buildings (The Guardian, 2007) and Early 21st century International / Minimalist Modernism and Interactive architecture (Essential Architecture).  And study at least two buildings:




Dr. C. McAllister, Catawba College, Salisbury, NC


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