GREECE, I: Homer's Odyssey

 

 

 

 


 

TEXTS -- Aristophanes, Lysistrata and other Plays, trans. Alan H. Sommerstein (2003); Homer, The Odyssey, trans. Robert Fagles (Penguin Classics, 2006); William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White, The Elements of Style (Longman, 4e, 2000); and Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, trans. Martin Hammond (Oxford World's Classics, 2009).

 

CORE -- Visit this page for the second part of our syllabus (Connecting). and to get started with the crucial attitudes and perspectives for our course.

 

OTHER RESOURCES (optional) -- Sarah B. Pomeroy et al., A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society and Culture, with chapter summaries (2e, OUP Website); Introducing the Classical World, with detailed maps (The Open University); Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome companion Website and Aspects of Greek History, 750-323 BC maps (Routledge).

 


TOPICS

 

 

HOMER, Odyssey

 

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HOMER: Odyssey, 1-2

 

THE GREEKS -- Ancient Greece: a world in evolution (The Map as History) and Thomas Martin, An Overview of Classical Greek History from Mycenae to Alexander, Chapters 1-4.  Optional: Geography of Ancient Greece (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); Ancient Greece (British Museum); Introduction to Ancient Greek History: Lectures 1, 2-3: The Dark Ages, and 4-5: The Rise of the Polis (Kagan); Life in Ancient Greece (Lahanas); and Scenes of Everyday Life in Ancient Greece (MMOA).

 

ODYSSEY -- Homer's Odyssey - Epic Poem Summary & Analysis (Thug Notes); Odysseus (Mythweb); Stanford's Forty Day Chronology (UPenn); and Homer's Odyssey and details (BBC: Gods and Monsters, 2010) [60 minutes].  Optional: Sir Moses Finley, The World of Odysseus (1954), Chapters I-II; Robert Bittlestone et al., Odysseus Unbound: The Search for Homer's Ithaca (2005); The Chicago Homer (Northwestern U.); Milman Parry Collection of Oral Literature On-Line (Harvard U.); Papyrus fragment with lines from Homer's Odyssey (285-250 BC, MMOA, NYC); and The Odyssey (BBC: In Our Time) [45-minute audio].

 

 

BOOK 1: Athena and Telemachus

 

BOOK 1 -- Ancient Greece: Geography: Story to preview Odysseus' story before his return to Ithaca (The British Museum); Apollonio di Giovanni, Adventures of Ulysses (1435) and here; and Ancient Greece: Gods & Goddesses (The British Museum).  Optional: George Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Introduction and Book 1: The Image of Odysseus; Telemachus (Lahanas); The origin of the curse on the house of Atreus cartoon (Gonick at Katz); The Goddess Athena in Homer's Odyssey (The Shrine of the Goddess Athena); and Ian McKellen reads Odyssey 1 (Fagles translation) [30 minutes].

 

 

BOOK 2: Telemachus and Antinous

 

BOOK 2 -- Penelope and Antinous (Lahanas) and Early Greek Ships (War and Game).  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 2: Right and Wrong.

 

 


HOMER: Odyssey, 3-4

 

BOOK 3: Telemachus and Nestor

 

BOOK 3 -- Early Greek Ships (Lahanas).  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 3: Nestor the Home-Goer; Nestor (Lahanas); Greece in the Bronze Age map; Ships (The Greek Age of Bronze: Weapons and warfare in the late Helladic time1600-1100 BC) and The Akrotiri miniature Marine Festival Fresco (Legends).

 

MINOAN CULTURE -- Minoan Art (Otis Art History) and Minoan and Mycenaean Art (Farber)

MYCENAEAN CULTURE

ART

 

 

BOOK 4: Telemachus and Menelaus

 

BOOK 4 --  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 4: The Waiting of Menelaos; Penelope and the Suitors; Ancient Greek Pottery: Parts 1 and 2 (Lahanas); rich in Minoan examples and beyond; Geometric Art in Ancient Greece (MMOA); and Dipylon Amphora, c. 755-750 BCE  and Geometric Greek Krater (Smarthistory).

 

MYCENAEAN CULTURE -- Minoan and Mycenaean Art (Farber).  Optional: Mycenaean Civilization (MMOA); Bronze Age (U. of Arkansas); and Mycenaean Greece (Norton iMaps).

 

ART

 

 


HOMER: Odyssey, 5-8

 

BOOK 5: Odysseus, Calypso, and Leucothea

 

BOOK 5 -- The Return of Odysseus map (Classical Mythology: Morford, Lenardon, and Sham); Calypso/Kalypso (Lahanas); Where Did Odysseus Sail? and Calypso Locations (John Peradotto: The Odyssey: Mediterranean Itinerary or Geography of the Soul?); and Suzanne Vega, Calypso (1987) [5 minutes].  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 5: Odysseus Unveiled and map of Odysseus' travels (Katz).

 

 

BOOK 6: Odysseus and Nausicaa

 

BOOK 6 -- Greek Colonization (McGraw-Hill: Palmer) and Phaeacians Locations (John Peradotto: The Odyssey: Mediterranean Itinerary or Geography of the Soul?) Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 6: The Maiden Unmastered and Phaeacia (Corfu) on a map of Odysseus' travels (Katz).

 

 

BOOK 7: King Alcinous and the Phaeacians

 

BOOK 7 -- Big Rock Candy Mountains (1928) from O, Brother, Where Art Thou? [2.30 minutes] and The edges of the earth in Greek and Roman thought, Parts 1 and 2 (Livius).  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 7: The Happy City.

 

 

 

BOOK 8: The bard Demodocus and Games

 

BOOK 8 -- Ancient Greece: Festivals & Games (The British Museum); Music in Ancient Greece (MMOA); Ancient Greek Music, Part 1: Instruments and Part 2: Musicians, Theory, Images for the images (Lahanas); Praise-singer, Palace of Nestor (John Curtis Franklin); and

Ancient Greek Music, for The Melodies, The Instruments, and Homeric Singing, with "Demodokos' song about Ares and Aphrodite: Od. 8, 267-366" [12 minutes] (Hagel) Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 8: The City Sacker and The Cyprosyrian Girl: Hits of the Ancient Hellenes (John Curtis Franklin).

 

 

 

 

 


HOMER: Odyssey, 9-10

 

BOOK 9: Cicones, Lotus-eaters, and Cyclops

 

BOOK 9 -- Homer's Odyssey (Awesome Classic illustrated!!) Part-1 [5.30 minutes] and then Part 2 [6 minutes] Gary Stickel, Odysseus' Ship (The Homeric Project); and in the Wake of Odysseus: Localization of the journey of Odysseus (Burgess) Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 9: The Kyklops.

 

Cicones

Lotus-eaters -- Optional: Nick Cave, Night of the Lotus Eaters [7 minutes].

Cyclops -- Cyclops Locations (John Peradotto: The Odyssey: Mediterranean Itinerary or Geography of the Soul?); Mixing Vessel with Odysseus Escaping from the Cyclops' Cave and New York Kouros (550-500 BC, Smarthistory); and Polypheums' Cave, Crete (Bob Tait) Optional: Polyphemos (Theoi) and The Cyclops (The Classics Pages).

 

 

BOOK 10: Aeolus, Keeper of the Winds; Laestrygonians; and Circe

 

BOOK 10 -- Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 10: Kirke.

 

Aeolus

Laestrygonians -- Laestrygonians (Lahanas).

Circe -- Circe (Lahanas); Circe Locations (John Peradotto: The Odyssey: Mediterranean Itinerary or Geography of the Soul?); The Courtiers of Circe: an art exhibition featuring Circe and pigs (Porkopolis, 2011); and Ulysses (1954): a brief NY Times review and Odysseus leaves Circe [2 minutes].

 

 

 


HOMER: Odyssey, 11-12


BOOK 11: Hades

 

BOOK 11 -- Death, Burial, and the Afterlife in Ancient Greece (MMOA); Euphronios, Attic Calyx-Krater (Smarthistory); The Ultimate Location: The Underworld (Burgess); and Entrance to the underworld 'used as Mafia hideout’ (The Telegraph).  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 11: The Dead; Hades (Lahanas); Jason and the Argonauts: summary and map (Morford and Lenardon, Classical Mythology), Lahanas, Precourt, Mythweb, BBC, and M. L. West, "Odyssey and Argonautica," Classical Quarterly, 55/1 (2005).

 

 

BOOK 12: Sirens, Charybdis and Scylla, and Cattle of the Sun

 

BOOK 12 -- Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 12: Helios.

 

Sirens -- Sirens (Lahanas); Genesis, Chapters 2-3 and The Garden of Eden (The Brick Testament); Claude Debussy's Sirens (1889) [10 minutes], the third part of his Nocturnes, inspired by J. M. Whistlers' paintings; Cream, Tales of Brave Ulysses (1967) [4 minutes]; and Sirens, Go to Sleep You Little Baby (O Brother, Where Art Thou?) [5 minutes] Optional: Homer's Odyssey in Art: Sirens from Greek Vases to Waterhouse (Philolog); Sirens (Flickr); and Iron Maiden, Ghost of the Navigator [7 minutes].

Charybdis and Scylla -- Charybdis and Scylla (Lahanas); Scylla and Charybdis Locations (John Peradotto: The Odyssey: Mediterranean Itinerary or Geography of the Soul?); and The Police, Wrapped around Your Finger (1983) [5 minutes].

Cattle of the Sun -- The Oxen of the Sun (Lahanas).

 

 

 


HOMER: Odyssey, 13-16


BOOK 13: Odysseus in Ithaca

 

BOOK 13 -- Ithaca (Visit Greece); O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000): The Soggy Bottom Boys,  I am a Man of Constant Sorrow [4.30 minutes].  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 13: Athena and Odysseus and Ulysses Returns to Ithaca (Garrison Keillor's Prairie Home Companion, 1997): script and 15-minute audio file.

 

 

BOOKS 14-15: Eumaeus the swineherd

 

BOOKS 14-15 -- Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 14: Eumaios, the Faithful Slave and 15: The Return of Telemachos.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BOOK 16: Odysseus and Telemachus

 

BOOK 16 -- Map of the suitors' islands and numbers (Katz).  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 16: Father and Son.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


HOMER: Odyssey, 17-20

 


BOOK 17: Melanthius, Argos the dog, and Antinous

 

BOOK 17 -- Greeks 'discover Odysseus' palace in Ithaca, proving Homer's hero was real' (Telegraph, 2010); Homer sweet home . . . . Archaeologists find 'Odysseus's island palace' (Mail Online, 2010); Minoan Palace of Knossos, Crete (Sacred Destinations); Piet de Jong's watercolors of the Palace of Minos at Knossos (Agathe); and Minoan Jewelry (U. of Oklahoma).  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 17: Beggar on the Threshold; Knossos (Ian Swindale: Minoan Crete); Knossos; Knossos Plan (Ancient-Greece.Org); The Palace of Knossos (Odyssey: Adventures in Archaeology); and The palace of Knosós and its surroundings: 3D virtual reality tour (British School at Athens).

 

 

 

BOOK 18: Odysseus fights the beggar Irus

 

BOOK 18 -- Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 18: Afternoon to Evening.

 

 

 

 

 

BOOK 19: Odysseus with Penelope and Eurycleia

 

BOOK 19 -- The Penelope Tradition in Artistic Representations Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 19: The Man of Pain.

 

 

BOOK 20: Herdsman and prophet

 

BOOK 20 -- Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 20: A "Sweet" Dinner.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


HOMER: Odyssey, 21-23

 

BOOK 21: The Trial of the Bow

 

BOOK 21 -- Double-axe heads arranged (Katz).  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 21: Odysseus Strings His Bow.

 

 

 

 

 

 

BOOK 22: The Killing of the Suitors

 

BOOK 22 -- The suitors slain in Ulysses (1954) [3 minutes] and the TV series in the (1997) [4 minutes].  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 22: Justice and Events in Mythological Time: Odysseus kills the Suitors (Greek Mythology Link)

 

BOOK 23: Penelope recognizes Odysseus

 

BOOK 23 -- Steely Dan, Home At Last [7 minutes]: "Well the danger on the rocks is surely past / Still I remain tied to the mast / Could it be that I have found my home at last \ Home at last."  Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 23: Penelope.


 


 

HOMER: Odyssey, 24 and Beyond

 

BOOK 24: The Battle at Laertes' Farm and Reconciliation

 

BOOK 24 -- The Odyssey (Learner: Invitation to World Literature); Homer's Odyssey and details (BBC: Gods and Monsters, 2010) [60 minutes]; Odysseus, King of Ithaca resume (HuffEnglish); The Odyssey game (The Classics Pages); and Homer and the Greek Renaissance, 900-600 BC (The History Guide) Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 24: Peace; Introduction to Ancient Greek History, Lecture 4: The Rise of the Polis and Lecture 5: The Rise of the Polis (cont.) (Donald Kagan, Open Yale Courses) [68 minutes each].

 

BEYOND THE ODYSSEY

 

 

 

 


Dr. C. McAllister, Catawba College, Salisbury, NC

 

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