GREECE, I: Homer's Odyssey
TEXTS -- Aristophanes, Lysistrata and other Plays, trans. Alan H. Sommerstein (2003); Homer, The Odyssey, trans. Robert Fagles (Penguin Classics, 2006); William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White, The Elements of Style (Longman, 4e, 2000); and Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, trans. Martin Hammond (Oxford World's Classics, 2009).
CORE -- Visit this page for the second part of our syllabus (Connecting). and to get started with the crucial attitudes and perspectives for our course.
OTHER RESOURCES (optional) -- Sarah B. Pomeroy et al., A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society and Culture, with chapter summaries (2e, OUP Website); Introducing the Classical World, with detailed maps (The Open University); Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome companion Website and Aspects of Greek History, 750-323 BC maps (Routledge).
HOMER: Odyssey, 1-2
THE GREEKS -- Ancient Greece: a world in evolution (The Map as History) and Thomas Martin, An Overview of Classical Greek History from Mycenae to Alexander, Chapters 1-4. Optional: Geography of Ancient Greece (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); Ancient Greece (British Museum); Introduction to Ancient Greek History: Lectures 1, 2-3: The Dark Ages, and 4-5: The Rise of the Polis (Kagan); Life in Ancient Greece (Lahanas); and Scenes of Everyday Life in Ancient Greece (MMOA).
ODYSSEY -- Homer's Odyssey - Epic Poem Summary & Analysis (Thug Notes); Odysseus (Mythweb); Stanford's Forty Day Chronology (UPenn); and Homer's Odyssey and details (BBC: Gods and Monsters, 2010) [60 minutes]. Optional: Sir Moses Finley, The World of Odysseus (1954), Chapters I-II; Robert Bittlestone et al., Odysseus Unbound: The Search for Homer's Ithaca (2005); The Chicago Homer (Northwestern U.); Milman Parry Collection of Oral Literature On-Line (Harvard U.); Papyrus fragment with lines from Homer's Odyssey (285-250 BC, MMOA, NYC); and The Odyssey (BBC: In Our Time) [45-minute audio].
Study Guides -- Study Guide for Homer's Odyssey: Summaries of individual books in paragraphs, A chronology of the Odyssey, and The Thematic Structure of Odysseus' Wanderings (Mitchell-Boyask) and The Odyssey: Major Characters & Deities (Garrison). Optional: George Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989) and review: Sheila Murnaghan (The Journal of Philology); The Returns and the Odyssey: Myth Summary, Commentary, Representations in Art, and map (Classical Mythology: Morford, Lenardon, and Sham); Plot Outline for Homer's Odyssey (Porter); Odyssey: Introduction, Summaries, and Text of the Odyssey (Johnston); Background Notes: Homer, Odyssey (Katz); The Power of Memory (Powers of Literature: The Magic of Western Classics); Harold Bloom, Homer's Odyssey (1996); and Claudia Durst Johnson and Vernon Johnson, Understanding The Odyssey: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historic Documents (2003)
Maps -- Odyssey Maps (UPenn) and Homer's' Odyssey Map. Optional: The Age of Discovery (Part I): The circumference of the Earth and the Route towards the West (The Map as History) and The World according to Homer, 1895 map (Katz).
Art (optional) -- The Trojan War 2 (Precourt); Odysseus Gallery (Lahanas); Images of the Trojan War Myth: The Homecomings (Mitchell-Boyask); Flaxman's Odyssey (Boston U.); Odysseus is Parading into Queens and Odysseys at Hell Gate: An East River Puppetscape (2011, NYC) [through minute 2.15]; Hans Erni illustrations of Homer, Odyssey, tr. Robert Fitzgerald; and Padraic Colum, The Adventures of Odysseus and the Tale of Troy: an illustrated retelling (1915); Athenian Vase Painting: Black- and Red-Figure Techniques (MMOA); The Colors of Clay: Special Techniques in Athenian Vases (Getty Museum); and Greek Vase Painting (The Classics Pages).
Films (optional) -- O Brother, Where Art Thou? (Lahanas) and Margaret M. Toscano, "Homer Meets the Coen Brothers: Memory as Artistic Pastiche in O Brother, Where Art Thou?" Film & History, 39/2 (2009); The Odyssey (TV miniseries, 1997) (Lahanas); and Wishbone: Home Sweet Homer, Part 1 and Part 2 [60 minutes].
Theater (optional) -- Odyssey: A Music Theatre Event (The Old Globe, San Diego, 2011).
BOOK 1: Athena and Telemachus
BOOK 1 -- Ancient Greece: Geography: Story to preview Odysseus' story before his return to Ithaca (The British Museum); Apollonio di Giovanni, Adventures of Ulysses (1435) and here; and Ancient Greece: Gods & Goddesses (The British Museum). Optional: George Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Introduction and Book 1: The Image of Odysseus; Telemachus (Lahanas); The origin of the curse on the house of Atreus cartoon (Gonick at Katz); The Goddess Athena in Homer's Odyssey (The Shrine of the Goddess Athena); and Ian McKellen reads Odyssey 1 (Fagles translation) [30 minutes].
William Russell Flint, 'Now all the rest, as many as fled from sheer destruction, were at home, and had escaped both war and sea, but Odysseus only, craving for his wife and for his homeward path, the lady nymph Calypso held, that fair goddess, in here hollow caves, longing to have him for her lord', 'My heart is rent for wise Odysseus, the hapless one, who far from his friends this long while suffereth affliction in a sea-girt Isle', and 'Now when the wooers had put from them the desire of meat and drink, they minded them of other things, even of the song and dance: for these are the crown of the feast' (1924).
N. C. Wyeth, Athene (1929).
Robert Motherwell, Ulysses (1947).
Marc Chagall, Sacrifice at Athenae (1975).
BOOK 2: Telemachus and Antinous
BOOK 2 -- Penelope and Antinous (Lahanas) and Early Greek Ships (War and Game). Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 2: Right and Wrong.
Joseph Wright of Derby, Penelope Unraveling Her Web (1783-84).
John Flaxman, Penelope Surprised by the Suitors (1805).
Dora Wheeler, Penelope Unraveling Her Work at Night (1886).
Max Klinger, Penelope Weaving a Shroud for Laertes (1895).
N. C. Wyeth, The Mourning Penelope (1929).
Gary Stickel, Penelope and the Suitors (The Homeric Project).
Rebecca Romeo, The Odyssey: Penelope and Tiresias (Les Éditions Mugs-design).
Tatiana Blass, Penelope's Shroud (Chapel of São Paulo Morumbin, Brazil).
HOMER: Odyssey, 3-4
BOOK 3: Telemachus and Nestor
BOOK 3 -- Early Greek Ships (Lahanas). Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 3: Nestor the Home-Goer; Nestor (Lahanas); Greece in the Bronze Age map; Ships (The Greek Age of Bronze: Weapons and warfare in the late Helladic time1600-1100 BC) and The Akrotiri miniature Marine Festival Fresco (Legends).
MINOAN CULTURE -- Minoan Art (Otis Art History) and Minoan and Mycenaean Art (Farber).
Knossos -- Crete (Frommer's); Minoan Palace of Knossos, Crete (Sacred Destinations); Knossos (Ancient-Greece.org); and Piet de Jong: North Entrance Passage and Hall of the Double Axes (Agathe). Optional: Minoan Crete and Interkriti: Your gateway to Crete.
Pylos -- Pylos (Perseus); Views and Maps of the Study Area (Map of Peloponnese with location of study area; Voidokoilia bay, view from Cave of Nestor with Mt. Aegalio in the background; and Palace ridge with Mt. Aigaleo in the background) and 3D Tour of the Palace of Nestor (The Pylos Regional Archaeological Project); Palace of Nestor map (PlanetWare); Pylos: Epano Englianos and Cave of Nestor (Metis); and Piet de Jong's watercolors (Agathe). Optional: Dr. J’s Illustrated Pylos (Siegel); Pylos Messinias, Greece (pylos.net); Feasting at Nestor's Palace at Pylos (Deanna L. Wesolowski); and Palace of Nestor photographs (SmugMug).
N. C. Wyeth, Telemachus in the Chariot of Nestor (1929).
Dame Elisabeth Frink, Telemachus and Nestor (1973‑74).
BOOK 4: Telemachus and Menelaus
BOOK 4 -- Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 4: The Waiting of Menelaos; Penelope and the Suitors; Ancient Greek Pottery: Parts 1 and 2 (Lahanas); rich in Minoan examples and beyond; Geometric Art in Ancient Greece (MMOA); and Dipylon Amphora, c. 755-750 BCE and Geometric Greek Krater (Smarthistory).
MYCENAEAN CULTURE -- Minoan and Mycenaean Art (Farber). Optional: Mycenaean Civilization (MMOA); Bronze Age (U. of Arkansas); and Mycenaean Greece (Norton iMaps).
Mycenae -- Mycenae (Lahanas); Mycenae (Perseus Project); Mycenae (Metis); The "Palace" and Grave Circle A at Mycenae, Lion Gate, Mask of Agamemnon, and The Treasury of Atreus (Smarthistory); and Lion Dagger (Joe Tourist). Optional: Dr. J’s Illustrated Mycenae (Siegel); The Shaft Graves (Dartmouth U.); National Archaeological Museum, Athens images (Joe Tourist), including the Mask of Agamemnon; and Mycenae.
William Russell Flint, 'And Helen came up, beautiful Helen, with the robe in her hands, and spake and hailed him' and 'Helen came forth from her fragrant vaulted chamber, like Artemis of the golden arrows' (1924).
N. C. Wyeth, Proteus, the Old Man of the Sea (1929).
Dame Elisabeth Frink, Menelaus and Helen (1973‑74).
HOMER: Odyssey, 5-8
BOOK 5: Odysseus, Calypso, and Leucothea
BOOK 5 -- The Return of Odysseus map (Classical Mythology: Morford, Lenardon, and Sham); Calypso/Kalypso (Lahanas); Where Did Odysseus Sail? and Calypso Locations (John Peradotto: The Odyssey: Mediterranean Itinerary or Geography of the Soul?); and Suzanne Vega, Calypso (1987) [5 minutes]. Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 5: Odysseus Unveiled and map of Odysseus' travels (Katz).
Hendrick van Balen and Jan Brueghel the Elder, Odysseus as a Guest of the Nymph Calypso (c.1616).
Max Beckman, Odysseus and Calypso (1943).
Dame Elisabeth Frink, Calypso (1973‑74).
Marc Chagall, The Lamentations of Ulysses (1975).
Romare Bearden, Odysseus Leaves Nausicaa: The Odyssey, V, 154-158, Poseidon, the Sea God -- Enemy of Odysseus: The Odyssey, V, 291-299, and Romare Bearden, The Sea Nymph: The Odyssey, V, 343-50 (1977).
Gary Stickel, Calypso's Cave (The Homeric Project).
BOOK 6: Odysseus and Nausicaa
BOOK 6 -- Greek Colonization (McGraw-Hill: Palmer) and Phaeacians Locations (John Peradotto: The Odyssey: Mediterranean Itinerary or Geography of the Soul?). Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 6: The Maiden Unmastered and Phaeacia (Corfu) on a map of Odysseus' travels (Katz).
Pyxis depicting the meeting of Odysseus and Nausikaa (c. 420 BC, MFA, Boston).
Honoré Daumier, Nausicaa (1842).
Valentin Serov, Odysseus and Nausicaa (1910, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow).
Pieter Lastman, Odysseus and Nausicaa (1619).
William Russell Flint, 'And the daughter of Alcinous alone stood firm, for Athene gave her courage of heart, and took all trembling from her limbs' (1924).
William McGregor Paxton (1869-1941), Nausicaa (n.d.).
Dame Elisabeth Frink, Nausicaa (1973‑74).
Marc Chagall, Ulysses Before Nausicaa (1975).
Henryk Szydlowski, Odysseus Lands at Nausicaa (1984).
BOOK 7: King Alcinous and the Phaeacians
BOOK 7 -- Big Rock Candy Mountains (1928) from O, Brother, Where Art Thou? [2.30 minutes] and The edges of the earth in Greek and Roman thought, Parts 1 and 2 (Livius). Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 7: The Happy City.
BOOK 8: The bard Demodocus and Games
BOOK 8 -- Ancient Greece: Festivals & Games (The British Museum); Music in Ancient Greece (MMOA); Ancient Greek Music, Part 1: Instruments and Part 2: Musicians, Theory, Images for the images (Lahanas); Praise-singer, Palace of Nestor (John Curtis Franklin); and
Ancient Greek Music, for The Melodies, The Instruments, and Homeric Singing, with "Demodokos' song about Ares and Aphrodite: Od. 8, 267-366" [12 minutes] (Hagel). Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 8: The City Sacker and The Cyprosyrian Girl: Hits of the Ancient Hellenes (John Curtis Franklin).
John Flaxman, Ulysses Weeps at the Song of Demodocus (1805).
Francesco Hayez, Odysseus in the court of Alcinous: Demodokos singing (1813-15).
Romare Bearden, The Fall of Troy: The Odyssey, VIII, 521-532 (1977).
HOMER: Odyssey, 9-10
BOOK 9: Cicones, Lotus-eaters, and Cyclops
BOOK 9 -- Homer's Odyssey (Awesome Classic illustrated!!) Part-1 [5.30 minutes] and then Part 2 [6 minutes] Gary Stickel, Odysseus' Ship (The Homeric Project); and in the Wake of Odysseus: Localization of the journey of Odysseus (Burgess). Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 9: The Kyklops.
Matthew Willey, The Cicones (2007, Tell me O Muse).
Lotus-eaters -- Optional: Nick Cave, Night of the Lotus Eaters [7 minutes].
Romare Bearden, Land of the Lotus Eaters: The Odyssey, IX, 92-97 (1977).
Matthew Willey, The Lotus-Eaters (2007, Tell me O Muse).
Cyclops -- Cyclops Locations (John Peradotto: The Odyssey: Mediterranean Itinerary or Geography of the Soul?); Mixing Vessel with Odysseus Escaping from the Cyclops' Cave and New York Kouros (550-500 BC, Smarthistory); and Polypheums' Cave, Crete (Bob Tait). Optional: Polyphemos (Theoi) and The Cyclops (The Classics Pages).
Odysseus and Ram (c. 700-600 BC, British Museum).
Odysseus and His Men Blinding Polyphemus: proto-attic amphora detail (c. 650 BC, museum of Eleusis).
Drinking cup (kylix). depicting scenes from the Odyssey: Side B: Odysseus in the Cave of Polyphemos (c. 560-550 BC, MFA, Boston).
Odysseus escaping Cyclops (c. 530 BC, Attic black-figure lekythos, Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford, UK).
Escape from the Cave of Polyphemos (c. 530-520 BC, Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH).
Odysseus and Ram: full back view (c. 530-520 BC, British Museum).
The Blinding of Polyphemos (c. 510-490 BC, Louvre, Paris).
Odysseus and Companions Escape (550-450 BC, Attic Black-figure Lekythos, Harvard Museums).
Two-handled jar (pelike). depicting the escape of Odysseus from the cave of Polyphemos (c. 490-480 BC, MFA, Boston).
Odysseus escaping from Polyphemos' cave (c. 480 BC, British Museum, London).
Head of a Companion of Odysseus (Roman copy of c. 200 statue, British Museum).
John Flaxman, Ulysses Giving Wine to Polyphemus (1805).
J. M. W. Turner, Ulysses deriding Polyphemus (1829).
Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg, Ulysses Fleeing the Cave Of Polyphemus (1812).
Arnold Böcklin, Odysseus and Polyphemus (1896).
Louis Frédéric Schützenberger, The Cyclops Polyphemus tosses rocks at the fleeing Odysseus and his crew (1825-1903)
N. C. Wyeth, Polyphemus, the Cyclops (1929).
Henri Matisse, Polyphemus (1935).
Dame Elisabeth Frink, Cyclops (1973‑74).
Marc Chagall, Polyphemus (1975).
Matthew Willey, The Cyclops (2007, Tell me O Muse).
Gary Stickel, The Cave of the Cyclops (The Homeric Project).
Greek crisis: An odyssey seen through ancient myth (2012, Yahoo!).
Polyphemus hurls a stone toward Odysseus (Castel Mola, Sicily).
Cyclops (Homer's Odyssey in Steps, Nice, France).
Rebecca Romeo, The Odyssey: Cyclops (Les Éditions Mugs-design).
BOOK 10: Aeolus, Keeper of the Winds; Laestrygonians; and Circe
BOOK 10 -- Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 10: Kirke.
Marc Chagall, The Island of Aeoliae (1975).
Romare Bearden, Home to Ithaca: The Odyssey, X, 28-34 (1977).
Matthew Willey, The Bag of Winds (2007, Tell me O Muse).
Laestrygonians -- Laestrygonians (Lahanas).
Laestrygonians (c. 60-40 BC, Vatican Museums).
The Master of the Johnson Collection Assumption of the Magdalene, The Adventures of Ulysses: The Contest with the Laestrygonians (c, 1500).
John Flaxman, The King of the Lestrigens Seizing One of the Companions of Ulysses (1805).
Circe -- Circe (Lahanas); Circe Locations (John Peradotto: The Odyssey: Mediterranean Itinerary or Geography of the Soul?); The Courtiers of Circe: an art exhibition featuring Circe and pigs (Porkopolis, 2011); and Ulysses (1954): a brief NY Times review and Odysseus leaves Circe [2 minutes].
Drinking cup (kylix). depicting scenes from the Odyssey: Side A: Circe and the Companions of Odysseus (c. 560-550 BC, MFA, Boston), with view at Perseus.
Odysseus and Circe (c. 50-90, British Museum).
Boccaccio's De claris mulieribus: Circe turns Odysseus' companions into swine (1361-62) and Circe turns Odysseus' companions into animals (1473).
Michael Wolgemut, Odysseus and Circe (1493).
Dosso Dossi, Circe and Her Lovers in a Landscape (c. 1525, NGA, Washington, DC).
Francesco Xanto Avelli, Circe, Ulysses and his companions (1533) and Ulysses commanding Circe to restore his companions to their rightful forms (1532).
Bartholomäus Spranger, Odysseus and Circe (1580/85).
Annibale Carracci, Mercury protecting Ulysses from the charms of Circe (1595-97, Camerino Farnese, Palazzo Farnese, Rome).
Jacob Jordaens, Ulysses and Circe (c. 1630-35).
Salomon de Bray, Odysseus and Circe (c. 1650-55).
Briton Rivière, Circe and her swine (1896).
Gustave Adolphe Mossa, Circe (1904).
William Russell Flint, 'So spake she, but I drew my sharp sword from my thigh and sprang upon Circe, as one eager to slay her' and 'Circe meanwhile had gone her ways and made fast a ram and a black ewe by the dark ship' (1924).
Adolfo De Carolis, Circe (1926).
George Grosz, Circe (1927).
Charles Edmund Brock, Circe the Sorceress Turns Odysseus' Men into Swine (1929).
N. C. Wyeth, Circe and the Swine (1929).
Paul Manship, Circe Enchants Ulysses' Sailors (1957).
Joseph Beuys, Bathroom of Circe (1954-58).
Dame Elisabeth Frink, Circe (1973‑74).
Marc Chagall, Circe (1975).
Romare Bearden, Circe (Series): The Odyssey, X, 233-235, Circe Turns Odysseus' Men into Swine, and Odysseus Leaves Circe (1977). Optional: Circe, Circe turns Men into Swine, and Circe's Domain (1977).
Roger Payne, Circe and Odysseus (1992).
Jessica Dogde, Circe/disgruntled pigs (1995/96).
Julie Paschkis, Circe (2000).
David Delamare, Circe (2001).
Lilli Ladewig, Circe (2007).
Simon Eckert, Bewitched (2010).
Red Queen's Elf, Circe's Fandango (2010).
Circe (Homer's Odyssey in Steps, Nice, France).
Gary Stickel, Circe the Enchantress (The Homeric Project).
Rebecca Romeo, The Odyssey: Circe (Les Éditions Mugs-design).
HOMER: Odyssey, 11-12
BOOK 11: Hades
BOOK 11 -- Death, Burial, and the Afterlife in Ancient Greece (MMOA); Euphronios, Attic Calyx-Krater (Smarthistory); The Ultimate Location: The Underworld (Burgess); and Entrance to the underworld 'used as Mafia hideout’ (The Telegraph). Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 11: The Dead; Hades (Lahanas); Jason and the Argonauts: summary and map (Morford and Lenardon, Classical Mythology), Lahanas, Precourt, Mythweb, BBC, and M. L. West, "Odyssey and Argonautica," Classical Quarterly, 55/1 (2005).
Dolon Painter, Odysseus, Tiresias, and Eurylochus (4C BC).
John Flaxman, Ulysses Terrified by the Ghosts (1805).
N. C. Wyeth, Odysseus in the Land of the Dead (1929).
Marc Chagall, The Soul of Elpenor (1975).
Gary Stickel, Kingdom of the Dead (The Homeric Project).
BOOK 12: Sirens, Charybdis and Scylla, and Cattle of the Sun
BOOK 12 -- Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 12: Helios.
Sirens -- Sirens (Lahanas); Genesis, Chapters 2-3 and The Garden of Eden (The Brick Testament); Claude Debussy's Sirens (1889) [10 minutes], the third part of his Nocturnes, inspired by J. M. Whistlers' paintings; Cream, Tales of Brave Ulysses (1967) [4 minutes]; and Sirens, Go to Sleep You Little Baby (O Brother, Where Art Thou?) [5 minutes]. Optional: Homer's Odyssey in Art: Sirens from Greek Vases to Waterhouse (Philolog); Sirens (Flickr); and Iron Maiden, Ghost of the Navigator [7 minutes].
Odysseus and Sirens (c. 340 BC, Antikenmuseen, Berlin).
Odysseus Tied to a Mast (c. 1C-3C AD, British Museum).
Odysseus Tied to a Mast (c. 1C-3C AD, British Museum).
John Flaxman, The Sirens (1805).
Victor Mottez, Odysseus and the Sirens (1848).
Gustav Adolf Mossa, Satiated Siren (1887).
J. W. Waterhouse, Ulysses and the Sirens (1891).
Herbert James Draper, Ulysses and the Sirens (1909).
N. C. Wyeth, The Sirens (1929).
Marc Chagall, The Sirens (1975).
Romare Bearden, The Sirens' Song: The Odyssey, XII (1977).
Sirens' Island, in Legos: the first of seven images (2010, Evelyn Aschenbrenner).
Gary Stickel, The Sirens Song (The Homeric Project).
Siren (Homer's Odyssey in Steps, Nice, France).
Charybdis and Scylla -- Charybdis and Scylla (Lahanas); Scylla and Charybdis Locations (John Peradotto: The Odyssey: Mediterranean Itinerary or Geography of the Soul?); and The Police, Wrapped around Your Finger (1983) [5 minutes].
Bronze handled dish (patera) showing Scylla (1C AD, British Museum).
John Flaxman, Scylla (1805).
Ithell Colquhoun, Scylla (1938).
Scylla, in Legos: the first of ten images (2010, Evelyn Aschenbrenner).
Rebecca Romeo, The Odyssey: Scylla (Les Éditions Mugs-design).
Cattle of the Sun -- The Oxen of the Sun (Lahanas).
John Flaxman, Lampetia Complaining to Apollo (1805).
Matthew Willey, Helios & His Sacred Cattle (2007, Tell me O Muse).
Rebecca Romeo, The Odyssey: Cows of the Sun (Les Éditions Mugs-design).
HOMER: Odyssey, 13-16
BOOK 13: Odysseus in Ithaca
BOOK 13 -- Ithaca (Visit Greece); O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000): The Soggy Bottom Boys, I am a Man of Constant Sorrow [4.30 minutes]. Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 13: Athena and Odysseus and Ulysses Returns to Ithaca (Garrison Keillor's Prairie Home Companion, 1997): script and 15-minute audio file.
Claude Lorrain, Port Scene with the Departure of Ulysses from the Land of the Feaci (1646).
John Flaxman, Ulysses Asleep Laid on his Own Coast by the Phaeacian Sailors (1805).
William Russell Flint, 'Therewith the goddess plunged into the shadowy cave' (1924).
Gary Stickel, Poseidon's Wrath (The Homeric Project).
BOOKS 14-15: Eumaeus the swineherd
BOOKS 14-15 -- Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 14: Eumaios, the Faithful Slave and 15: The Return of Telemachos.
William Flaxman, Ulysses with Eumaeus (1805).
N. C. Wyeth, Eumaeus, the Swineherd (1929).
BOOK 16: Odysseus and Telemachus
BOOK 16 -- Map of the suitors' islands and numbers (Katz). Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 16: Father and Son.
John Flaxman, Minerva Restoring Ulysses to his Own Shape (1805).
Henri-Lucien Doucet, Reunion of Odysseus and Telemachus (1880).
HOMER: Odyssey, 17-20
BOOK 17: Melanthius, Argos the dog, and Antinous
BOOK 17 -- Greeks 'discover Odysseus' palace in Ithaca, proving Homer's hero was real' (Telegraph, 2010); Homer sweet home . . . . Archaeologists find 'Odysseus's island palace' (Mail Online, 2010); Minoan Palace of Knossos, Crete (Sacred Destinations); Piet de Jong's watercolors of the Palace of Minos at Knossos (Agathe); and Minoan Jewelry (U. of Oklahoma). Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 17: Beggar on the Threshold; Knossos (Ian Swindale: Minoan Crete); Knossos; Knossos Plan (Ancient-Greece.Org); The Palace of Knossos (Odyssey: Adventures in Archaeology); and The palace of Knosós and its surroundings: 3D virtual reality tour (British School at Athens).
Argos Greets Odysseus (c. 3C-1C BC, British Museum).
Odysseus and Argos: Roman coin (82 BC, The British Museum).
John Flaxman, Ulysses and his Dog (1805).
Louis Frédéric Schützenberger (1825-1903), Return of Ulysses.
Romare Bearden, The Return of Odysseus: The Odyssey, XVII, 505-512 (1977).
BOOK 18: Odysseus fights the beggar Irus
BOOK 18 -- Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 18: Afternoon to Evening.
John Flaxman, Ulysses Preparing to Fight with Irus (1805).
Lovis Corinth, Odysseus Fights with Irus (1903).
William Russell Flint, 'All her joints were loosened as she lay in the chair, and the fair goddess the while was giving here gifts immortal' (1924).
BOOK 19: Odysseus with Penelope and Eurycleia
BOOK 19 -- The Penelope Tradition in Artistic Representations. Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 19: The Man of Pain.
Relief with Eurykleia, Odysseus, and Penelope (Perseus Digital Library).
Penelope and Telemachos
Terracotta plaque with Penelope and Odysseus (c. 460-450 BC, MMOA).
Relief plaque with Penelope and Odysseus (c. 450 BC, MMOA).
Penelope and Telemachos
Pinturicchio, The Return of Odysseus (1509, National Gallery, London).
Gustave Boulanger, Odysseus recognized by Euryclea (1849).
William Russell Flint, 'By the help of the handmaids, shameless things and reckless, the wooers came and trapped me, and chid me loudly' (1924).
N. C. Wyeth, The Boar Hunt (1929).
Romare Bearden, The Return of Odysseus (Homage to Pinturicchio and Benin) (1977, The Art Institute of Chicago), with optional essays: AIC and National Gallery of Art.
David Byers Brown, Penelope's Dream (2012).
BOOK 20: Herdsman and prophet
BOOK 20 -- Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 20: A "Sweet" Dinner.
Odysseus as Beggar (Roman copy of late Hellenistic statue, Musei Vaticani, Vatican City).
William Flaxman, The Harpies Going to Seize the Daughters of Pandarus (1805).
William Russell Flint, 'Others again go for water to the well' (1924).
HOMER: Odyssey, 21-23
BOOK 21: The Trial of the Bow
BOOK 21 -- Double-axe heads arranged (Katz). Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 21: Odysseus Strings His Bow.
John Flaxman, Penelope Carrying the Bow of Ulysses to the Suitors (1805).
William Roberts, The Return of Ulysses (1913).
William Russell Flint, 'She set forth to go to the hall to the company of the proud wooers, with the bent-back bow in her hands, and the quiver for the arrows, etc.' and 'Then in amaze she went back to her chamber, for she laid up the wise saying of her son in her heart' (1924).
N. C. Wyeth, The Trial of the Bow (1929).
Dame Elisabeth Frink, The Great Bow (1973-74).
Romare Bearden, The Bow of Odysseus: The Odyssey, XXI (1977).
BOOK 22: The Killing of the Suitors
BOOK 22 -- The suitors slain in Ulysses (1954) [3 minutes] and the TV series in the (1997) [4 minutes]. Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 22: Justice and Events in Mythological Time: Odysseus kills the Suitors (Greek Mythology Link)
Odysseus Slaying the Suitors (c. 440 BC, Antikenmuseen, Berlin).
Terracotta oinochoe (jug) with Archer (c. 430-420 BC, MMOA, NYC).
John Flaxman, Ulysses Killing the Suitors (1805).
Gustav Schwab, Odysseus Killing the Suitors (1882).
Odysseus killing the suitors (1883).
Odysseus Kills the Suitors (forgery, British Museum, London).
William Russell Flint, 'The Killing of the Wooers' (1924).
N. C. Wyeth, The Slaughter of the Suitors (1929).
Marc Chagall, The Massacre of the Candidates (1975).
Dame Elisabeth Frink, Odysseus and Penelope: killing the servants (1973-74).
The Killing of the Suitors (Homer's Odyssey in Steps, Nice, France).
BOOK 23: Penelope recognizes Odysseus
BOOK 23 -- Steely Dan, Home At Last [7 minutes]: "Well the danger on the rocks is surely past / Still I remain tied to the mast / Could it be that I have found my home at last \ Home at last." Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 23: Penelope.
Odysseus and Penelope (c. 450 BC Louvre, Paris).
Francesco Primaticcio, Ulysses and Penelope (c. 1545).
John Flaxman, The Meeting of Ulysses and Penelope (1805).
Honoré Daumier, Ulysses' Homecoming (1842).
William Russell Flint, 'So he spake, and at once her knees were loosened and her heart melted within her, and she knew the sure tokens that Odysseus showed her' and 'Then joy and anguish came on her in one moment, and both her eyes filled up with tears, and the voice of her utterance was stayed' (1924).
N. C. Wyeth, Odysseus and Penelope Reunited (1929).
Romare Bearden, Odysseus and Penelope Reunited: The Odyssey, VI, 180-185 (1977).
HOMER: Odyssey, 24 and Beyond
BOOK 24: The Battle at Laertes' Farm and Reconciliation
BOOK 24 -- The Odyssey (Learner: Invitation to World Literature); Homer's Odyssey and details (BBC: Gods and Monsters, 2010) [60 minutes]; Odysseus, King of Ithaca resume (HuffEnglish); The Odyssey game (The Classics Pages); and Homer and the Greek Renaissance, 900-600 BC (The History Guide). Optional: Dimock, Unity of the Odyssey (1989), Book 24: Peace; Introduction to Ancient Greek History, Lecture 4: The Rise of the Polis and Lecture 5: The Rise of the Polis (cont.) (Donald Kagan, Open Yale Courses) [68 minutes each].
John Flaxman, Mercury Conducting the Souls of the Suitors to the Infernal Regions (1805).
Romare Bearden, Odysseus Meets his Father: The Odyssey, XXIV (1977).
BEYOND THE ODYSSEY
Fagles -- Robert Fagles, Translator of the Classics, Dies at 74 (The NY Times, 2008). Optional: Robert Fagles, celebrated translator of ancient epics, dies at age 74 (Princeton U.); Immortal Tale: The Odyssey: Fagles interview (PBS Newshour, 1997); and Odyssey and Iliad Translations: Fagles interview (C-Span, 1997) [59 minutes], with transcript: Robert Fagles, The Art of Translation No. 2 (The Paris Review).
Knox -- Professor Bernard Knox (The Telegraph, 2010). Optional: Bernard MacGregor Walker Knox (Yale Department of Classics, 2010); Benjamin F. Jones, "Looking for Bernard Knox: Warrior, Ancient and Modern," War, Literature & the Arts: An International Journal of the Humanities, 15/1-2 (2003); and Knox, Introduction to M. I. Finley, The World of Odysseus (1954/2002).
Others -- C. P. Cavafy, Ithaka (1911).
Interlude: from Homer to Thucydides -- Ancient Greece: a world in evolution (The Map as History); Greek Trade, 500 BC (McDougal Littell: Animated History); and Greek Colonization (McGraw-Hill: Palmer).
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