CONTEMPORARY WORLD, I: Global Wars (1900-50)
TEXTS -- George Orwell, Animal Farm (Signet Classics, 2004); Kevin Sites, In the Hot Zone: One Man, One Year, Twenty Wars (2007); and William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White, The Elements of Style (Longman, 4e, 2000).
CORE -- Visit this page for the second part of our syllabus (Connecting) and to get started with the crucial attitudes and perspectives for our course.
CLASH OF EMPIRES (1900-29)
THE PLAN (1929-39)
THE KILLING SPACE (1939-50)
Return to WebBooks for History Courses
CLASH OF EMPIRES (1900-29), I: Imperialism
THEME: Our study begins with European imperialism defined (1900) and challenged by the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05) on the eve of World War I (1914) and new senses of humanity explored by Cultures of Creativity. Please study carefully all the require items to the left of the Optional entries.
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 1: The Clash of the Empires: watch Parts 1 and 2 [to minute 4.28] for the Japan-Russian War and 1905 Revolution in Russia, and A New History of the 20th Century (Channel 4) for series details. Optional: The full show (Documentary Center] [4.45 hours]: scroll through the first episode to get to the others] and an interview with Niall Ferguson (Carnegie Council).
IMPERIALISM -- History of Religion (Maps of War); Imperialism [14 minutes] (Crash Course World History); European Empires in 1900 (Norton iMaps); and European International Investment, 1914 (OUP). Optional: Empire: Politics, Conquest, and Dissolution (1500-2000) (Wadsworth: World History Unbound); European Imperialism 1880-1900: Theory, Practice, Discourse (Wadsworth Modules); Empires before World War I and Beginning of World War I: German and Italian Empires in 1914 (Khan Academy); Maps in Time: From 1900 to 2000 (National Archives); American Empire (Norton iMaps); American Imperialism (Crash Course U.S. History); and An American Empire (Norton iMaps). Study at least two maps in two different categories:
Britain -- The British Empire: Trading Routes and Construction (The Map as History). Optional: A map showing the 22 countries that Great Britain has not invaded (i.imgur).
Ottoman Empire -- The Decline of the Ottoman Empire, 1699-1912 (Norton iMaps).
Africa -- Imperialism in Africa, 1914 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion). Optional: Imperialism, 1885-1975: "Africa: 1885-1914: The Scramble" (Wadsworth Modules); Africa, c.1886 and Africa, c.1914 (Norton iMaps); and Imperial Expansion in Africa to 1880 and Partition of Africa, 1880-1914 (Pearson).
PARIS 1900 -- 1900 (Paris: Capital of the 19th Century); World's Fair of 1900, Paris: study at least three photographs (A Digital Archive of Architecture); and Thomas Edison's L' Exposition Universelle de 1900 ŕ Paris [6.30 minutes]. Optional: Exposition Universelle (1900) (Wikipedia); 1900 (Les Expositions Universelles a Paris 1867-1900); Grand Palais and Petit Palais (Essential Architecture); Exposition Universelle. Paris Exhibition, 1900 (Old Paris in Photos), with 195 photographs; Paris World's Fair of 1900 (10 large photographs); and W. E. Burghardt Du Bois, The American Negro at Paris (1900).
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY
Cultures -- Cultures of Creativity (Nobel Museum). And at least one of the three cultures:
Santiniketan -- Santiniketan (West Bengal Tourism); Nobel Prize for Literature 1913: Rabindranath Tagore; and Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize for Economics 1998. Optional: Home Page; UNESCO World Heritage Site; and Santiniketan to Smithsonian: A Tribute to Tagore: Welcome and Invocation [26 minutes] and Rabindranath Tagore: Citizen of His Country and the Universe [33.32 minutes] (Smithsonian, 2011).
Vienna -- Nobel Laureates and the University of Vienna (Universität Wien) and Viennese coffee culture listed as UNESCO intangible heritage (CNTN). Optional: Vienna's coffee house culture (BBC) [3.30 minutes]; UNESCO Heritage - Vienna cafe culture: In pics (MSN); and The Age of Insight: How the Cross-Pollination of Art and Science in Early 20th-Century Vienna Shaped Modern Culture (Maria Popova).
Nobel Prizes -- Short about the Nobel Prize (Nobel Prize). Optional: Nobel's full biography, Nobel Prize Facts, Nobel Laureates and Research Affiliations, and From the First Nobel Prize Award Ceremony, 1901 (Nobel Prize); The Norwegian Nobel Committee (Nobel Prize); List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates (Wikipedia); and Nobel Peace Prize Winners from 1901 to the present (The Nobel Prize Internet Archive).
And study Peace and at least one other recipient in any other category.
1901: Henry Dunant and Frédéric Passy. Optional: Nobel Peace Prize Winners from 1901 to the present (The Nobel Prize Internet Archive) and The Red Cross: Three-Time Recipient of the Peace Prize (Nobel Prize).
Physiology or Medicine
THEME: The First War to End All Wars (1914-18), Part I: Europe, focusing on the Battle of Verdun in France (1916).
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 1: The Clash of the Empires: Part 2 [begin at minute 4.28] and Part 3 [end at minute 5.54]; A global guide to the first world war - interactive documentary: familiarize yourself with this resource (The Guardian); and World War I: the Global Theater and World War I: the European and Middle Eastern Theaters (Norton iMaps).
WORLD WAR I: Europe -- Europe Plunges into War (The Map as History); Archdukes, Cynicism, and World War I (Crash Course World History) [12 minutes]; World War I in Europe, 1914-1918 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); and Hitler in 1914 (Iconic Photos). Optional: The war to end all wars (BBC); The Great War and the Shaping of the Twentieth Century (PBS); The Origins of World War I (Wadsworth Modules); World War I (Khan Academy); World War One (Mapping History); European Alliances On The Eve Of The First World War, The Balkans, 1878-1914, The Schlieffen Plan, The Great War, 1914–1916, The Great War, 1917-1918, and World War I: the European and Middle Eastern Theaters (Norton iMaps); and Wilhelmine Germany and the First World War (1890-1918) (GHDI).
THE WESTERN FRONT -- The Western Front and the Birth of Total War (BBC) and Maps & Battles of World War I: Europe in 1914 and The Outbreak of War (PBS). Optional: 1918 Western Front [60 minutes] and summary (BBC: 20th Century Battlefields, 2007); The Western Front: A World War One Summary (The War Times Journal).
Colonials -- Prisoners of War (Luminous Lint), noting the international flavor in the German camp in Münster (c. 1915). Optional: India and the Western Front (BBC); Tirailleurs Senegalais (Black Past); and German World War I Photographic Postcards 1914-1916 (All World Wars).
VERDUN -- The Battle of Verdun: Introduction, Battle Animation, and Historian Commentary (PBS); Battle of Verdun: 21 February 1916-July 1916 (BBC); Verdun: Shell Shock [1.30 minutes]; and Mitterrand and Kohl at Verdun (22 September 1984) (Iconic Photos). Optional: The Great War, Episode 11: Hell Cannot Be So Terrible [40 minutes] (BBC, 1964); Verdun: The Nightmare (Deadly Battles of World War I); Visualizing Verdun (France at War); Verdun 1916 map (Bereznay); Ossuaire de Douaumont: official site and WW1 Battlefields; and Shell Shock during World War One (BBC).
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY -- Conflict Map: 20C Wars (Nobel Prize).
NOBEL PRIZES -- Study at least one recipient:
1919: Fritz Haber (Nobel Prize). Optional: 100 Years Of Ammonia Synthesis: How A Single Patent Changed The World (summary) (Science Today, 2008).
1917: International Committee of the Red Cross (Nobel Prize). Optional: The Red Cross: Three-Time Recipient of the Peace Prize (Nobel Prize).
THEME: The First War to End All Wars (1914-18), Part II: the Middle East, focusing on the Battle of Gallipoli in Turkey (1915-16).
MIDDLE EAST -- Imperial History of the Middle East (Maps of War); The Middle East at the Beginning of the 20th Century (The Map as History); The Middle East during World War One (BBC); and World War I: the European and Middle Eastern Theaters (Norton iMaps). Optional: The Great War, Part 24: Allah Made Mesopotamia and Added Flies (BBC, 1964) [40 minutes]; The Mesopotamia campaign (The National Archives); The Mesopotamian Front and The Palestine Front (firstworldwar.com); Western and Eastern fronts of World War I, Other fronts of World War I, Sinai, Palestine and Mesopotamia Campaigns, and World War I shapes the Middle East (Khan Academy); Turkey in the First World War; The Turkish Army at War: A Photo Essay (World War One); and Why border lines drawn with a ruler in WW1 still rock the Middle East (BBC).
Lawrence of Arabia (1962) -- trailer [5 minutes]. Optional: Lawrence of Arabia (PBS); Lawrence of Arabia: a confabulous romp through the desert (The Guardian); and The Real Lawrence of Arabia: Putting the Man and His Myth Into Historical Context (NPR).
GALLIPOLI -- Battle for Gallipoli, February 1915-January 1916 (BBC); The First World War, Episode 4: Jihad (1914-16) [minute 21.36-37.22] (BBC, 2003); Gallipoli: introduction, animated map, Historian Commentary, and Hasan Etem (PBS); and The Pogues, And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda [8 minutes]. Optional: The Gallipoli campaign (The National Archives); The Gallipoli Front (firstworldwar.com); Gallipoli Campaign and ANZAC Day (Khan Academy) [10 minutes]; Gallipoli (Turkey in the First World War); Gallipoli, the Documentary Movie by Yavuz Can for Turkuaz TV [10 minutes]; Please God Send Us a Victory [40 minutes] (BBC: The Great War, Episode 09, 1964); Gallipoli: The First Day (ABC); Australia in World War One and From Gallipoli to D-Day (BBC); Peter Jackson - Restored Gallipoli Film - ANZAC Day [3 minutes]; Australia in World War One (BBC); Gallipoli: The First Day (ABC Australia): a rich 3D documentary; Battle of Gallipoli, 1915-1916 (The Art of Battle: Animated Battle Maps); and Swedish power metal band Sabaton's Cliffs of Gallipoli, The Art of War [6 minutes] (2008).
IV: Versailles, Istanbul, and Petrograd
THEME: Attempts to redefine the post-war world, focusing on the Treaty of Versailles (1919), Turkey, and Russia (1917-20s).
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 1: The Clash of Empires, Parts 3 [begin minute 5.54], 4, and 5 for Russia, Turkey, and Versailles.
VERSAILLES -- The Great War and the Shaping of the Twentieth Century (PBS): Part 4: Hatred & Hunger/War without End, Voices: Woodrow Wilson (The Versailles Treaty [text, audio, and Historian Commentary]), WWI Casualty and Death Tables, and Then and Now: The Shaping of the 21st Century. Optional: The Ending of World War One, and the Legacy of Peace (BBC) and The Hague Reparation Conference (1930) (Iconic Photos). And study at least one topic:
League of Nations -- The League of Nations (McGraw-Hill).
Territorial Changes -- Europe after World War I (The Map as History) and Outcomes of World War I in Europe, North Africa, and Some of the Middle East (Norton iMaps). Optional: Europe After World War I and Africa, 1919-39 (McGraw-Hill: IMaps in Motion); World Migration, ca. 1860-1920 (Pearson: Global Snapshot); and Europe After the Treaty of Versailles, 1918 and Territorial Changes in Europe and the Near East after World War I (or here) and Europe in 1923 (Norton iMaps).
ISTANBUL -- Kemal Atatürk (BBC) and A Point of View: Democracy and Islamic law (BBC). Optional: Turkey: A brief history: slide the timeline to 1914, 1920, and 1923 (The Guardian); Atatürk: Turkish News and Armenian National Institute; and Empire and Turkey and Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and the Turkish War for Independence (Khan Academy).
Armenians -- Armenian Genocide of 1915: An Overview (NY Times); Turkey: A Family Erased (PBS: Frontline/World): an Armenian-American family faces the massacre [12 minutes]; and Tsitsernakaberd (Wikipedia). Optional: Map of the 1915 Armenian Genocide in the Turkish Empire (Armenian National Institute); Armin Wegner (PBS); Voyage to Amasia (2011): About (text and trailer [3 minutes]); Armenian Genocide (McGraw-Hill: Beyond the Textbook); Young Turks and the Armenians and Armenian massacres before World War I (Khan Academy); What happened to history’s refugees? (Guardian); Talking About Genocide: Armenia 1915 (Peace Pledge Union); The expulsion of non-Turkish ethnic and religious groups from Turkey to Syria during the 1920s and early 1930s (Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence); The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute; and The Armenian Genocide: An 80-Year Perspective (USHMM, 1995).
Greeks -- Greco-Turkish War (1919-22): account (Lahanas) and map; and Sazak village ruins (featured by Ferguson). Optional: A new wave of refugees in the city that was Smyrna (BBC, 2012).
PETROGRAD -- War and Revolution in Russia 1914-1921 (BBC) and "A New World Arisen": Russia's Revolutions, 1900-1924: Interactive Module: Setting and Perspectives (Wadsworth Modules). Lectures on Twentieth Century Europe, 5-7 (The History Place); Seventeen Moments in Soviet History; and Battle of Tannenberg: 26-30 August 1914 (BBC).
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY
CULTURES -- Study at least one culture:
Copenhagen -- Niels Bohr (PBS: A Science Odyssey). Optional: Relativity and Energy from Matter (Nobel Prize); Einstein's Big Idea (NOVA); Albert Einstein: Image and Impact (American Institute of Physics); and Einstein (BBC: The Mark Steel Lectures) [60 minutes].
NOBEL PRIZES -- And study at least one Peace and one other recipient in any other category.
Physiology or Medicine
THE PLAN (1929-39), I: USA and USSR
THEME: The Interwar Era of Totalitarian States during the Great Depression, Part I: 'murica, Russia, and India (1929-39).
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 2: The Plan: watch Parts 6 and 7 [end at minute 5.47].
USA -- The Great Depression and The New Deal (Crash Course US History). Optional: LecturePoint: U.S. History, Lecture 8: Depression and the New Deal (1929-1940); FDR and the Depression (A Biography of America); The Great Depression (Mapping History); New Deal Network (The Roosevelt Institute); Picturing the 1930s (Smithsonian Institute); The Great Depression (Modern American Poetry); and America on the Sidelines: The United States and World Affairs, 1931-1941 (Teaching American History).
Dust Bowl -- The Dust Bowl (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother Photographs in the Farm Security Administration Collection: An Overview (LOC); and Dorothea Lange (Picturing America On Screen). Optional: The Dust Bowl (Holt, Rinehart and Winston); The Dust Bowl (Pearson: History Interactive); The Dustbowl (PBS, 2012); Migrant Mother (Picture America); In Steinbeck's footsteps: America's middle-class underclass (BBC, 2011); and Girl from iconic Great Depression photo: 'We were ashamed' (CNN).
Tennessee Valley Authority -- Tennessee Valley Authority (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) (Encyclopedia Britannica); and "Saved by the Flood" [2 minutes] and here for the conclusion [2 minutes] (O Brother, Where Art Thou?, 2000). Optional: Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) (United States History) and Hoover Dam (PBS: American Experience).
USSR -- The Age of Totalitarianism: Stalin and Hitler: for Stalin (The History Guide); The Soviet Union, 1928-1941 (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); The Soviet Union (Norton iMaps); and The Great Fergana Canal and Uzbekistan (The State Anthem). Optional: Seventeen Moments in Soviet History, including (if the site returns) 1939: Great Fergana Canal; Russia in the 20th Century (Mapping History) and Moscow Canal to the Volga River: map for a cruise; and Soviet Posters 1917-1991.
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY
CULTURES -- Study at least one culture:
The Chicago School of Economics -- Nobel Laureates (U. of Chicago). Optional: The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1982: George J. Stigler.
Berkeley -- UC Berkeley's 22 Nobel Prize winners (UC Berkeley).
Cambridge -- Research at Cambridge: Nobel Prize Winners. Optional: A Nobel prize winner, his dreadful school report and a lesson for teachers today: Sir John Gurdon, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2012 (Daily Mail).
NOBEL PRIZES -- Study Peace and at least one other recipient in any other category.
1931: Jane Addams and Nicholas Murray Butler.
Physiology or Medicine
II: Germany and Japan
THEME: The Interwar Era of Totalitarian States during the Great Depression, Part II: Germany and Japan (1929-39).
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 2: The Plan: Parts 7 [begin at minute 5.47], 8, 9, and 10.
GERMANY -- The Age of Totalitarianism: Stalin and Hitler: for Hitler Stalin (The History Guide); Politics in Europe, 1930s and German and Italian Expansion, 1935-1939 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion) and Unemployment in Europe, 1932 (Holt, Rinehart, and Winston). Optional: Rise of Hitler and the Nazis, Rise of Mussolini and Fascism, and Nazi Aggression and Appeasement (Khan Academy); Nazi Germany (1933-1945) (German History in Documents and Images); The Political Revolution of the 1930s (Mapping History); Ethnic Minorities in East-Central Europe, 1930 (OUP); and Aggression in Europe to 1939 (Pearson: MapMaster).
CHINA -- Overview of Chinese History 1911-1949 (Khan Academy) [11 minutes]; Civil War in China, 1927-1936 (Pearson) and The Long March, 1934-1935 (Norton iMaps).
JAPAN -- Japanese Expansion, 1933-1941 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion) and Imperialism, 1885-1975: "Asia-Pacific: 1931-1945: Japanese domination" (Wadsworth Modules). Optional: Japanese Supremacy in the Pacific, 1914-41 (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz); The Japanese Empire in Asia, 1933 (Norton iMaps); Political Protest in Interwar Japan, Part I and Part II (MIT Visualizing Cultures); and Tractor Drivers (Seventeen Moments in Soviet History).
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY
CULTURES -- Study at least one culture:
The Solvay Conferences -- Solvay Conference (Wikipedia) and Is this the greatest meeting of minds ever? Einstein and Curie among SEVENTEEN Nobel prize winners at historic conference (Daily Mail, 2011). Optional: Institut international de physique Solvay (Home Page); Can you name the Nobel prize-winning participants of the 1927 Solvay Conference? (Sporcle); Solvay Conferences: 1911 and 1927 (Numericana); and Solvay Physics Conference 1927 [3 minutes].
NOBEL PRIZES -- Study at least one recipient in any category.
THE KILLING SPACE (1939-50), I: Come and See
THEME: The beginning of the Second War to End All Wars (1933-45), focusing on the German invasion of the USSR (1941-42).
WAR OF THE WORLD -- 3: Killing Space: Parts 11-15 (the full program).
WORLD WAR II -- The War goes global, June 1941-end 1942 (The Map as History) and World War II (Crash Course World History). Optional: World War II, Part I (Crash Course U.S. History); World War II, 1939-41: Western Europe and Eastern Europe (The National Archives) [6 minutes]; LecturePoint: U.S. History, 10: WWII: Battle Front (1939/41-1945); World War II: The Start of the Second World War; World War II (McGraw Hill: Interactive Map); Inside World War II: A Global Perspective and The WWII Experience (History); and World War II alliances animated map (Wikipedia).
Europe -- World War II in Europe and North Africa, 1939-1941 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion). Optional: Nazi Germany (1933-1945) (German History in Documents and Images); World War Two: The European Theater (Mapping History); German Aggression, 1936-1941 (Pearson: Geography Interactive); World War Two European Theater Overview (US Military Academy); World War II: Europe (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz); World War II in Europe, 1940-1945 (McGraw-Hill); Europe at War (Norton iMaps); and Russian World War II Propaganda Posters and Nazi Collaboration Posters 1939-1945 (All World Wars).
Nanjing (1937-38) -- Scarred by history: The Rape of Nanjing and 'Good Nazi of Nanjing' sparks debate (BBC). Optional: The Nanking Massacre Project (Yale Divinity School Library); At the Rape of Nanking: A Nazi Who Saved Lives (NY Times); and Shelter Under The Swastika: The John Rabe Story (NPR, 2010).
Pearl Harbor (1941) -- Surprise Attack! Pearl Harbor and Japanese Aggression, December 1941-June 1942 (Pearson: History Interactive); and Pearl Harbour (from Above) and The Pearl Harbour Attacks (Iconic Photos). Optional: Pearl Harbor: A Rude Awakening (BBC).
EASTERN EUROPE -- Study Come and See and at least one other topic:
Operation Barbarossa -- (Holt, Rinehart & Winston); The Soviet Union and the Eastern Front, Einsatzgruppen (Mobile Killing Units), and Einsatzgruppen activity in the Baltic area, Ukraine, and Soviet Union (USHMM). Optional: From Persecution to Mass Murder: Operation Barbarossa (Yad Vashem); Police Battalion 101 in Poland (Holocaust Education and Archive Research Team): the Germans who executed some 1500 Jews from the Polish town of Jozefow on 13 July 1942; Jedwabne pogrom (Wikipedia); and A Geography of Complicity: Spaces and Mentalities in Wehrmacht participation in Einsatzgruppen Killings in the Soviet Union (USHMM: Geographies of the Holocaust).
Babi Yar -- Kiev and Babi Yar: article, maps, and photographs (USHMM). Optional: Babi Yar (Death Camps); Babi-Yar-I (The Berdichev Revival); Yevgeni Yevtushenko's poem, Babi Yar (1961) and Dmitri Shostakovich's Symphony No. 13 in B flat minor, Op. 113: Babi Yar (1962) (Wikipedia); and Babi Yar Park, Denver, CO (Mizel Museum).
Katyn Massacre (1940) -- The Katyn Massacre (PBS: WWII Behind Closed Doors) and Katyn Memorial, Krakow (Panoramio). Optional: US 'hushed up' Soviet guilt over Katyn (BBC); Katyn Forest Massacre (Seventeen Moments in Soviet History); and Katyn Files, 1940 (All World Wars).
Come and See (1985) -- Elem Klimov's film Come and See and trailer [2 minutes]: a young partisan's experience with a German SS Einsatzgruppen killing squad in Byelorussia (now Republic of Belarus) in 1942; pistol pointing scene [1 minute]; and Roger Ebert's review. Optional: Don’t Look Back: Come and See (Senses of Cinema); Come and See: An Epic of Derangement (3:AM Magazine); an interview with the director [20 minutes]; God Tortures, Kills Billions: Revelation 6.1-11 (The Brick Testament); and Johnny Cash, The Man Comes Around [4.30 minutes].
Kolomyja (West Ukraine) -- Kolomyja [West Ukraine] 1941, Bearing Witness (Gott mit uns: German Military History, 1848-1945).
Dmitri Baltermants, Grief, or Searching for the Loved Ones in Kerch (1942, Iconic Photos)
Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya (Iconic Photos).
The Rape of Lvov (Ukraine, 1941) (Iconic Photos).
The Execution of Masha Bruskina (26 October 1941, Minsk, Belorussia) (Iconic Photos).
The Kremlin Bombarded (26 July 1941) (Iconic Photos).
II: Stalingrad and Midway
THEME: Turning points in the Second War to End All Wars (1933-45), focusing on the Battles of Stalingrad and Midway (1942).
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 4: A Tainted Victory: Parts 16-17 [end at minute 6.02].
20th CENTURY BATTLEFIELDS (BBC, 2007) -- And study either Stalingrad and summary or Midway and summary [60 minutes each], if not both.
USSR -- World War II: Eastern Europe, 1942-1945 (The National Archives) [2 minutes]; and The Soviet-German War 1941-1945 and Hitler's Invasion of Russia in World War Two (BBC). Optional: Ingush elders recall the horror of deportation (BBC).
Stalingrad -- Stalingrad (Animated Battle Maps Archive) and Stalin’s Son (Iconic Photos). Optional: 1943: The Nazi Tide Stops: The Battle of Stalingrad (Seventeen Moments in Soviet History): introduction, images, music, video, and photo essay; Deadliest Battle (PBS: Secrets of the Dead, 2010); Early Battles on the Eastern Front (PBS: Behind Closed Doors); Effects on Climate on Combat in European Russia and Stalingrad (All World Wars: Soviet War Paintings); Taking the camera to Stalingrad – German documentary (Gott mit uns: German Military History, 1848-1945); and Fedor Bondarchuk, Stalingrad (2013).
Kursk -- Battle of Kursk (Encyclopedia Britannica); 1943: 900 Days: The Siege of Leningrad and Battle of Kursk (Seventeen Moments in Soviet History). Optional: Battle of Kursk: Eastern Front 1943 (Website); Kursk (Animated Battle Maps Archive); Kursk legacy: Will there ever be another massive tank battle? (BBC); The Battle of Kursk: Myths and Reality (Michael J. Licari); Men against tanks – Fighting Russian armour on the eastern front – Official reports, 1943 (Gott mit uns: German Military History, 1848-1945); Deportation of Minorities and The Cult of Personality (Eisenstein's Ivan the Terrible) (Seventeen Moments in Soviet History); and Kursk (All World Wars: Soviet War Paintings).
MIDWAY -- World War II in Asia and the Pacific, 1941-1945 and The Battle of Midway, 1942 (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion); and Catawba Alumnus Pilot of Famous Flying Dud. Optional: The Battle of Midway (BBC); Battle of Midway: The Japanese Attack and The American Counterattack (US Navy History) [9 minutes]; and World War II Pacific Animated Maps with The Battle of Midway Island (History Animated).
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY -- Optional: With Fascism on the Doorstep: The Nobel Institution in Norway, 1940-1945 (Nobel Prize).
III: Dresden and Hiroshima
THEME: The fighting end of the Second War to End All Wars (1933-45), focusing on the destruction of Dresden (Germany) and Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Japan) (1945).
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 4: A Tainted Victory: Parts 17 [begin at minute 6.03]-19 [end at minute 8.43].
Optional: The Second World War (Norton iMaps: America) and The Second World War (Norton iMaps: Western Civilization).
EUROPE: Dresden (13-15 February 1945) -- Western Europe, 1942-1945 (The National Archives); World War II: the European Theater (Norton iMaps); British Bombing Strategy in World War Two (BBC) and The Bombing of Dresden in World War II for photographs (Wikipedia). Optional: The Bombing of Germany (PBS: American Experience); Remembering the Dresden Bombing (BBC, 2005); Winston Churchill and the Bombing of Dresden (The National Archives); Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities (World War II Database); : Coventry, England in 1940 and Lubeck, Germany in 1942 (BBC); and Build a Rocket (NOVA).
PACIFIC: Hiroshima (06 August 1945) -- Asia, 1939-45 and Pacific, 1939-1945 (The National Archives); World War II: the Pacific Theater (Norton iMaps); and Japan: No Surrender in World War Two and Hiroshima remembers atomic bomb (BBC). Optional: Pacific Theater (Teaching American History); 24 Hours After Hiroshima (National Geographic Explorer) [50 minutes]; World War II Pacific Animated Maps (History Animated); Hiroshima videos (BBC); Photographs of the Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by The Manhattan Engineer District (All World Wars); and Ground Zero 1945: Pictures by Atomic Bomb Survivors and A Schoolboy's Story (MIT Visualizing Cultures: Throwing off Asia). And study at least two topics:
Enola Gay -- Rendezvous with History: Thomas W. Ferebee and the Enola Gay (NC Museum of History, 2008); Interview With Crew of the Enola Gay: introduction [minute 0.00-0.30] and pilot Paul Tibbets, bomber Ferebee, and co-pilot Theodore van Kirk [minutes 3.15-end]; and Family Homesite of Colonel Thomas W. Ferebee (NC Historical Markers). Optional: Last Hiroshima bomber: "I'd do it again": Van Kirk (RTAmerica, 2010) [12 minutes]; 'One hell of a big bang': Tibbets interview (2002, The Guardian); Enola Gay Crew: signed photograph and Ferebee's 2000 obituary (photos 178 and 179) (The Manhattan Project Heritage Association).
Photographs -- Hiroshima and Nagasaki as seen by Japanese Photographers, Hiroshima, 6th August 1945, and Nagasaki, August 9th 1945 (Iconic Photos).
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY: Nobel Peace Prize -- 1944: International Committee of the Red Cross and The Red Cross Movement (Nobel Prize). Optional: Prisoners of War and The Red Cross: Three-Time Recipient of the Peace Prize (Nobel Prize).
V-VI: Animal Farm
THEME: Coming to grips with the post-war world through political realities and Orwell's vision (1943-50).
ORWELL -- George Orwell, Why I Write and Preface to the Ukrainian Edition of Animal Farm (March 1947) [copies available on BBD]; George Orwell and The Last Man in Europe (The History Guide); and Animal Farm - Book Summary & Analysis (Thug Notes). Optional: Orwell, Future of a Ruined Germany: Rural Slum Cannot Help Europe (8 April 1945) and You and the Atomic Bomb (19 October 1945); and The Red Cross Movement: Prisoners of War Game (Nobel Prize): a game based on the Third Geneva Convention (1929).
COLD WAR -- Europe and the Cold War (McGraw-Hill: Maps in Motion) and Territorial Changes in Europe After the Second World War (Norton iMaps). Optional: Deportation and Settlement, 1945-1950 (McGraw-Hill: Palmer); The Cold War, Decolonization in Africa, Postwar Alliances: The Far East, Europe, North Africa, The Middle East (Norton iMaps); and The Cold War (Mapping History). And study at least two topics:
United Nations -- UN member states animation (Wikipedia).
Berlin -- The Berlin Crisis (1948-1949) (The Map as History) and Germany Divided and the Berlin Airlift (Norton iMaps). Optional: Division of Berlin, 1945 (McDougal Littell); The Berlin Airlift (PBS); Airlift Saves Blockaded Berlin and Learn More about the Berlin Airlift (Pearson: History Interactive); and The Occupation of Germany and Austria (Norton iMaps).
The Marshall Plan -- The Marshall Plan (Holt, Rinehart & Winston) and The Marshall Plan: Reconstructing Capitalist Europe, 1945-1951 (Wadsworth Modules). Optional: For European Recovery: The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Marshall Plan (Library of Congress).
USSR -- Gulag: Many Days, Many Lives (GMU). Optional: Soviet Forced Labor Camps and the Struggle for Freedom (Gulag History); Days and Lives (GMU); Forced Labor Camps on-line exhibition (Open Society Archives); Gulag (Duke U. Libraries), map and links; and Sakharov: Soviet Physics, Nuclear Weapons & Human Rights (American Institute of Physics).
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