CONTEMPORARY WORLD, I: Global Wars (1900-50)
TEXTS -- George Orwell, Animal Farm (Signet Classics, 2004); Kevin Sites, In the Hot Zone: One Man, One Year, Twenty Wars (2007); and William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White, The Elements of Style (Longman, 4e, 2000).
CORE -- Visit this page for the second part of our syllabus (Connecting) and to get started with the crucial attitudes and perspectives for our course.
CLASH OF EMPIRES (1900-29)
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 1: The Clash of the Empires: watch Parts 1 and 2 [to minute 4.28] for the Japan-Russian War and 1905 Revolution in Russia, and A New History of the 20th Century (Channel 4) for series details. Optional: The full show (Documentary Center] [4.45 hours]: scroll through the first episode to get to the others] and an interview with Niall Ferguson (Carnegie Council).
IMPERIALISM -- History of Religion (Maps of War): "See 5,000 years of religion in 90 seconds;" Imperialism (Crash Course World History) [14 minutes]; Empires before World War I (Khan Academy) [7.30 minutes]; and Colonisation 1492-2008 animated map (Wikipedia). Optional: Beginning of World War I: German and Italian Empires in 1914 (Khan Academy); European Imperialism 1880-1900: Theory, Practice, Discourse and Imperialism, 1885-1975 (Wadsworth Modules); Turn of the Century Imperialism (Smitha); William Schneider, "Colonies at the 1900 World Fair," History Today, 31/5 (1981); Maps in Time: From 1900 to 2000 (National Archives); and Handbook of the Maxim Automatic Machine Gun Caliber .30, Model of 1904 (All World Wars).
Great Britain -- The British Empire: Trading Routes and Construction (The Map as History). Optional: A map showing the 22 countries that Great Britain has not invaded (i.imgur).
Africa -- Imperialism in Africa, 1914 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: Imperial Expansion in Africa to 1880 and Partition of Africa, 1880-1914 (Pearson).
Asia -- Imperialism in Asia, 1914 (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Maps) and Japanese Expansion, 1870-1918 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: Imperialism in South Asia, 1900 (Prentice-Hall: Audio Guided Tour); Nations and Empires, 1850-1914: Russian Expansion, 1801-1914 (Norton iMaps); The Russo Japanese War (EmperorTigerstar); and Russian-Japanese War 1904-1905 Photo Gallery, Part I (All World Wars).
Americas -- Optional: American Imperialism (Crash Course U.S. History) and American Imperialism: Definition, Reasons & Rising International Power and American Imperialism in Hawaii, China & the Philippines (Education Portal).
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY
CULTURES -- Cultures of Creativity (Nobel Museum).
Santiniketan -- Santiniketan (West Bengal Tourism); Nobel Prize for Literature 1913: Rabindranath Tagore; and Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize for Economics 1998. Optional: Home Page; UNESCO World Heritage Site; and Santiniketan to Smithsonian: A Tribute to Tagore: Welcome and Invocation [26 minutes] and Rabindranath Tagore: Citizen of His Country and the Universe [33.32 minutes] (Smithsonian, 2011).
Vienna -- Nobel Laureates and the University of Vienna (Universität Wien) and Viennese coffee culture listed as UNESCO intangible heritage (CNTN). Optional: Vienna's coffee house culture (BBC) [3.30 minutes]; UNESCO Heritage - Vienna cafe culture: In pics (MSN); and The Age of Insight: How the Cross-Pollination of Art and Science in Early 20th-Century Vienna Shaped Modern Culture (Maria Popova).
NOBEL PRIZES -- Short about the Nobel Prize and Alfred Nobel's Life and Work (Nobel Prize); Nobel Prize Winners by Country with related charts/graphs (ChartsBin); and Nobel Prizes: Is there a secret formula to winning one? (BBC). Optional: Nobel's full biography, Nobel Prize Facts, Nobel Laureates and Research Affiliations, and From the First Nobel Prize Award Ceremony, 1901 (Nobel Prize); The Norwegian Nobel Committee (Nobel Prize); List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates (Wikipedia); and Nobel Peace Prize Winners from 1901 to the present (The Nobel Prize Internet Archive).
And study Peace and at least one other recipient in any other category.
1901: Henry Dunant and Frédéric Passy. Optional: Nobel Peace Prize Winners from 1901 to the present (The Nobel Prize Internet Archive) and The Red Cross: Three-Time Recipient of the Peace Prize (Nobel Prize).
Physiology or Medicine
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 1: The Clash of the Empires: Part 2 [begin at minute 4.28] and Part 3 [end at minute 5.54].
WORLD WAR I: Europe -- Europe Plunges into War (The Map as History); The war to end all wars (BBC); World War I in Europe, 1914-1918 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); The Western Front and the Eastern Front, 1914-1918 (Prentice-Hall); and Archdukes, Cynicism, and World War I (Crash Course World History) [12 minutes]. Optional: Causes of World War I: Factors That Led to War and The United States in World War I: Official Position, Isolation & Intervention (Education Portal); World War I (EmperorTigerstar); The Origins of World War I (Wadsworth Modules); Europe's Slide to War, The War: August 1914 to December 1916, and Revolution, War and Settlement: 1917-19 (Smitha); Beginning of World War I, Western and Eastern fronts of World War I, and Other fronts of World War I (Khan Academy) [episodes 5-15 minutes each]; World War One (Mapping History); and World War I: the European and Middle Eastern Theaters and War and Revolution (Norton iMaps).
THE WESTERN FRONT -- The Great War and the Shaping of the Twentieth Century (PBS): And study fully the Prologue, Part 1 (Explosion/Stalemate and Trench Warfare), Part 2 (Total War/Slaughter), Part 3 (Mutiny/Collapse), Timeline, Maps & Battles; and The Western Front and the Birth of Total War (BBC); and Prisoners of War (Luminous Lint), noting the international flavor in the German camp in Münster (c. 1915). Optional: 1918 Western Front and summary (BBC: 20th Century Battlefields, 2007) [60 minutes]; Western and Eastern fronts of World War I and Other fronts of World War I (Khan Academy); The Western Front: A World War One Summary (The War Times Journal); France at War: Tirailleurs Senegalais for African troops; German World War I Photographic Postcards 1914-1916I (All World Wars); India and the Western Front (BBC); Indian Troops at the Front (1916) (The First World War Poetry Digital Archive); and The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (EmperorTigerstar).
VERDUN -- The Battle of Verdun (PBS): Introduction, Battle Animation, and Historian Commentary; Battle of Verdun: 21 February 1916-July 1916 (BBC); The Battle of Verdun [4 minutes]; and Verdun: Shell Shock [1.30 minutes]. Optional: The Great War, Episode 11: Hell Cannot Be So Terrible (BBC, 1964) [40 minutes]; Verdun: The Nightmare (Deadly Battles of World War I); Visualizing Verdun (France at War); Verdun 1916 map (Bereznay); and Shell Shock during World War One (BBC).
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY -- Conflict Map: 20C Wars (Nobel Prize).
NOBEL PRIZES -- And study Peace and at least one other recipient in any other category.
1919: Fritz Haber (Nobel Prize). Optional: 100 Years Of Ammonia Synthesis: How A Single Patent Changed The World (summary) (Science Today, 2008).
1917: International Committee of the Red Cross (Nobel Prize). Optional: The Red Cross: Three-Time Recipient of the Peace Prize (Nobel Prize).
WORLD WAR I: Beyond Europe -- World War I: the Global Theater (Norton iMaps) and WWI Casualties & Deaths (looking especially at "Casualties as % of Forces") (PBS: The Great War). Optional: Western and Eastern fronts of World War I and Other fronts of World War I (Khan Academy).
MIDDLE EAST -- Imperial History of the Middle East (Maps of War); The Middle East at the Beginning of the 20th Century (The Map as History); Sinai, Palestine and Mesopotamia Campaigns (Khan Academy) [10 minutes]; The Middle East during World War One (BBC); and Lawrence of Arabia (1962) trailer [5 minutes]. Optional: The Great War, Part 24: Allah Made Mesopotamia (BBC, 1964) [40 minutes]; World War I shapes the Middle East (Khan Academy); The Ottoman Empire, 1914-1918 (Prentice-Hall: Audio Guided Tour); The Turkish Army at War: A Photo Essay (World War One); Lawrence of Arabia (PBS); and The Real Lawrence of Arabia: Putting the Man and His Myth Into Historical Context (NPR).
GALLIPOLI -- Battle for Gallipoli, February 1915-January 1916 (BBC); Gallipoli Campaign and ANZAC Day (Khan Academy) [10 minutes]; The Great War and the Shaping of the Twentieth Century: Gallipoli (PBS): And study the brief introduction, animated map, Historian Commentary (Turkish and Australian perspectives), and Voices of the Great War; Gallipoli film trailer [2 minutes] and ending [6 minutes]; and The Pogues, And the band played Waltzing Matilda [8 minutes]. Optional: Gallipoli, the Documentary Movie by Yavuz Can for Turkuaz TV Video [10 minutes]; The Great War, Episode 09: Please God Send Us A Victory (BBC, 1964) [40 minutes]; Australia in World War One (BBC); Peter Jackson - Restored Gallipoli Film - ANZAC Day [3 minutes]; Australia in World War One (BBC); Gallipoli: The First Day (ABC Australia): a rich 3D documentary; Battle of Gallipoli, 1915-1916 (The Art of Battle: Animated Battle Maps); and Swedish power metal band Sabaton's Cliffs of Gallipoli, The Art of War (2008) [6 minutes].
VERSAILLES, ISTANBUL, and PETROGRAD
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 1: The Clash of Empires, Parts 3 [begin minute 5.54], 4, and 5 for Russia, Turkey, and Versailles.
VERSAILLES -- Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points [16.30 minutes], Paris Peace Conference and Treaty of Versailles [10 minutes], and More detail on the Treaty of Versailles and Germany [6.30 minutes] (Khan Academy); The Great War and the Shaping of the Twentieth Century (PBS): Part 4 (Hatred & Hunger/War without End: text and Voices: Woodrow Wilson: The Versailles Treaty [text, audio, and Historian Commentary]), WWI Casualty and Death Tables, and Then and Now: The Shaping of the 21st Century; and Influenza Epidemic (McGraw Hill: Interactive Map). Optional: End of WWI: the Treaty of Versailles & the League of Nations (Education Portal); The Paris Conference and Versailles Treaty (Smitha); Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points" Speech, 8 January 1918 (firstworldwar.com) and Fourteen Points; Treaty of Versailles, 28 June 1919 (introduction and clause 231); and World War II History: An Open Harvard Course (Harvard Extension School: Charles Maier).
Territorial Changes -- Europe 1914, Europe 1920 (Prentice-Hall: Audio Guided Tour) and Africa, 1919-39 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: Japan in World War I [4 minutes], Sykes-Picot Agreement and the Balfour Declaration [13 minutes], and Arabia after World War I [10 minutes] (Khan Academy); World Migration, ca. 1860-1920 (Pearson: Global Snapshot); Territorial Evolution of Poland, 1635-2009 (Wikipedia); and Europe After the Treaty of Versailles, 1918, Territorial Changes in Europe and the Near East after World War I, Outcomes of World War I in Europe, North Africa, and Some of the Middle East, and Europe in 1923 (Norton iMaps).
League of Nations -- The League of Nations (McGraw-Hill).
ISTANBUL --The Ottoman Empire (EmperorTigerstar); Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and the Turkish War for Independence (Khan Academy) [8.30 minutes]; and A Point of View: Democracy and Islamic law (BBC: Roger Scruton). Optional: Turkey's Struggle for National Independence, Secularization, and Turkey, 1924 map (Smitha); Empire and Turkey (Khan Academy); and Greco-Turkish War (1919-22): account (Lahanas) and map.
Greeks -- Sazak village ruins (featured by Ferguson).
Armenians -- Armenia, The Treaty of Sčvres, and The Greco-Turkish War (EmperorTigerstar) and Turkey: A Family Erased (PBS: Frontline/World): an Armenian-American family faces the massacre in this text and video [12 minutes]. Optional: Young Turks and the Armenians (Khan Academy) [9 minutes]; Armenian Genocide (McGraw-Hill: Beyond the Textbook); Armenian massacres before World War I (Khan Academy) [5 minutes]; What happened to history’s refugees? (Guardian); Talking About Genocide: Armenia 1915 (Peace Pledge Union); The expulsion of non-Turkish ethnic and religious groups from Turkey to Syria during the 1920s and early 1930s (Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence); and A new wave of refugees in the city that was Smyrna (BBC, 2012).
PETROGRAD -- Civil War, Lenin and Rise of Stalin (Smitha). "A New World Arisen": Russia's Revolutions, 1900-1924 (Wadsworth Modules); Seventeen Moments in Soviet History;
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY
Copenhagen -- Niels Bohr (PBS: A Science Odyssey). Optional: Relativity and Energy from Matter (Nobel Prize); Einstein's Big Idea (NOVA); Albert Einstein: Image and Impact (American Institute of Physics); and Einstein (BBC: The Mark Steel Lectures) [60 minutes].
NOBEL PRIZES -- And study at least one Peace and at one other recipient in any other category.
Physiology or Medicine
THE PLAN (1929-39)
USA, USSR, and INDIA
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 2: The Plan: watch Parts 6 and 7 [end at minute 5.47]. Optional: Moscow Canal to the Volga River: map for a cruise.
USA -- The Great Depression and The New Deal (Crash Course US History). Optional: LecturePoint: U.S. History, Lecture 8: Depression and the New Deal (1929-1940); The Great Depression, to 1935 (Smitha); The Great Depression (Mapping History); New Deal Network (The Roosevelt Institute); Picturing the 1930s (Smithsonian Institute); and The Great Depression (Modern American Poetry).
Dust Bowl -- The Dust Bowl (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother Photographs in the Farm Security Administration Collection: An Overview (LOC); and Dorothea Lange (Picturing America On Screen). Optional: The Dust Bowl (Holt, Rinehart and Winston); The Dust Bowl (Pearson: History Interactive); The Dustbowl (PBS, 2012); Migrant Mother (Picture America); In Steinbeck's footsteps: America's middle-class underclass (BBC, 2011); and Girl from iconic Great Depression photo: 'We were ashamed' (CNN).
USSR -- The Soviet Union, 1928-1941 (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour) and 1939: Great Fergana Canal (Seventeen Moments in Soviet History). Optional: Purges and Hysteria in the Soviet Union, Religion in Russia and the Soviet Union, to 1945, Crisis and War in Europe, 1937 to 1940 (Smitha); Seventeen Moments in Soviet History; The Stalin Project; and Soviet Posters 1917-1991.
INDIA -- Nationalist Violence in India, 1908-1939 (Holt, Rinehart, and Winston); Mohatma Gandhi Biography [5 minutes]; and Gandhi: His Triumph changed the World Forever (movie trailer).
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY
The Chicago School of Economics -- Nobel Laureates (U. of Chicago). Optional: The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1982: George J. Stigler.
Berkeley -- UC Berkeley's 22 Nobel Prize winners (UC Berkeley).
Cambridge -- Research at Cambridge: Nobel Prize Winners. Optional: A Nobel prize winner, his dreadful school report and a lesson for teachers today: Sir John Gurdon, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2012 (Daily Mail).
NOBEL PRIZES -- And study Peace and at least one other recipient in any other category.
1931: Jane Addams and Nicholas Murray Butler.
Physiology or Medicine
GERMANY, CHINA, and JAPAN
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 2: The Plan: Parts 7 [begin at minute 5.47], 8, 9, and 10.
GERMANY -- Nazi Aggression and Appeasement (Khan Academy) [7 minutes]; Politics in Europe, 1930s and German and Italian Expansion, 1935-1939 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations) and Unemployment in Europe, 1932 (Holt, Rinehart, and Winston). Optional: Rise of Hitler and the Nazis and Rise of Mussolini and Fascism (Khan Academy); Depression and War (Smitha); The Political Revolution of the 1930s (Mapping History); and Aggression in Europe to 1939 (Pearson: MapMaster).
CHINA -- Overview of Chinese History 1911-1949 (Khan Academy) [11 minutes]; Civil War in China, 1927-1936 (Pearson) and The Long March, 1934-1935 (Norton iMaps). Optional: China, Civil War and Japan's Intrusion, to 1936 (Smitha).
JAPAN -- Japanese Expansion, 1933-1941 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: Japanese Politics and Society, to 1927, Japan and Emperor Hirohito to 1936, and Japan Wars against China and the Soviet Union: 1936-38 (Smitha); Japanese Supremacy in the Pacific, 1914-41 (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz); Japan's Expanding Empire to 1934 (Prentice-Hall); The Japanese Empire in Asia, 1933 (Norton iMaps); and Tractor Drivers (Seventeen Moments in Soviet History).
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY
The Solvay Conferences -- Solvay Conference (Wikipedia) and Is this the greatest meeting of minds ever? Einstein and Curie among SEVENTEEN Nobel prize winners at historic conference (Daily Mail, 2011). Optional: Institut international de physique Solvay (Home Page); Can you name the Nobel prize-winning participants of the 1927 Solvay Conference? (Sporcle); Solvay Conferences: 1911 and 1927 (Numericana); and Solvay Physics Conference 1927 [3 minutes].
NOBEL PRIZES -- And study at least one recipient in any category.
THE KILLING SPACE (1939-50)
COME AND SEE
WAR OF THE WORLD -- 3: Killing Space: Parts 11-15 (the full program).
WORLD WAR II -- The War goes global, June 1941-end 1942 (The Map as History) and World War II (Crash Course World History) [13 minutes]. Optional: World War II, Part I (Crash Course U.S. History); World War II, 1939-41: Western Europe and Eastern Europe (The National Archives) [6 minutes]; World War II: The Start of the Second World War, The European Theater in World War II: The Eastern Front, and Western Front and Fight for North Africa (The Education Portal) [10 minutes]; LecturePoint: U.S. History, 10: WWII: Battle Front (1939/41-1945); World War II: The Start of the Second World War (Education Portal); World War II (McGraw Hill: Interactive Map); Inside World War II: A Global Perspective and The WWII Experience (History); and World War II alliances animated map (Wikipedia).
Europe -- World War II in Europe and North Africa, 1939-1941 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: War in Europe, 1941-45 (Smitha); World War Two: The European Theater (Mapping History); German Aggression, 1936-1941 (Pearson: Geography Interactive); World War Two European Theater Overview (US Military Academy); World War II: Europe (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz); World War II in Europe, 1940-1945 (McGraw-Hill); Europe at War (Norton iMaps); and Russian World War II Propaganda Posters and Nazi Collaboration Posters 1939-1945 (All World Wars).
Nanjing (1937-38) -- Scarred by history: The Rape of Nanjing and 'Good Nazi of Nanjing' sparks debate (BBC). Optional: The Nanking Massacre Project (Yale Divinity School Library); At the Rape of Nanking: A Nazi Who Saved Lives (NY Times); and Shelter Under The Swastika: The John Rabe Story (NPR, 2010).
Pearl Harbor (1941) -- Pearl Harbor: A Rude Awakening (BBC) and Surprise Attack! Pearl Harbor and Japanese Aggression, December 1941-June 1942 (Pearson: History Interactive). Optional: The Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Beginning of American Involvement in World War II (The Education Portal).
EASTERN EUROPE -- And study Come and See and at least one other topic:
Operation Barbarossa -- (Holt, Rinehart & Winston); The Soviet Union and the Eastern Front, Einsatzgruppen (Mobile Killing Units), and Einsatzgruppen activity in the Baltic area, Ukraine, and Soviet Union (USHMM). Optional: From Persecution to Mass Murder: Operation Barbarossa (Yad Vashem); Police Battalion 101 in Poland (Holocaust Education and Archive Research Team): the Germans who executed some 1500 Jews from the Polish town of Jozefow on 13 July 1942; Jedwabne pogrom (Wikipedia); and A Geography of Complicity: Spaces and Mentalities in Wehrmacht participation in Einsatzgruppen Killings in the Soviet Union (USHMM: Geographies of the Holocaust).
Babi Yar -- Kiev and Babi Yar: article, maps, and photographs (USHMM). Optional: Babi Yar (Death Camps); Babi-Yar-I (The Berdichev Revival); Yevgeni Yevtushenko's poem, Babi Yar (1961) and Dmitri Shostakovich's Symphony No. 13 in B flat minor, Op. 113: Babi Yar (1962) (Wikipedia); and Babi Yar Park, Denver, CO (Mizel Museum).
Katyn Massacre (1940) -- The Katyn Massacre (PBS: WWII Behind Closed Doors) and Katyn Memorial, Krakow (Panoramio). Optional: US 'hushed up' Soviet guilt over Katyn (BBC); Katyn Forest Massacre (Seventeen Moments in Soviet History); and Katyn Files, 1940 (All World Wars).
Come and See (1985) -- Elem Klimov's film Come and See and trailer [2 minutes]: a young partisan's experience with a German SS Einsatzgruppen killing squad in Byelorussia (now Republic of Belarus) in 1942; pistol pointing scene [1 minute]; and Roger Ebert's review. Optional: Don’t Look Back: Come and See (Senses of Cinema); Come and See: An Epic of Derangement (3:AM Magazine); an interview with the director [20 minutes]; God Tortures, Kills Billions: Revelation 6.1-11 (The Brick Testament); and Johnny Cash, The Man Comes Around [4.30 minutes].
STALINGRAD and MIDWAY
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 4: A Tainted Victory: Parts 16-17 [end at minute 6.02].
20th CENTURY BATTLEFIELDS (BBC, 2007) -- And study either 1942 Stalingrad and summary or 1942 The Battle of Midway and summary [60 minutes each], if not both.
STALINGRAD -- World War II: Eastern Europe, 1942-1945 (The National Archives) [2 minutes]; The Soviet-German War 1941-1945 and Hitler's Invasion of Russia in World War Two (BBC); and Stalingrad (Animated Battle Maps Archive). Optional: 1943: The Nazi Tide Stops: The Battle of Stalingrad (Seventeen Moments in Soviet History): introduction, images, music, video, and photo essay; Deadliest Battle (PBS: Secrets of the Dead, 2010); Early Battles on the Eastern Front (PBS: Behind Closed Doors); Effects on Climate on Combat in European Russia and Stalingrad (All World Wars: Soviet War Paintings); and Fedor Bondarchuk, Stalingrad (2013).
Kursk -- 1943: 900 Days: The Siege of Leningrad, and Battle of Kursk (Seventeen Moments in Soviet History). Optional: Kursk (Animated Battle Maps Archive); Kursk legacy: Will there ever be another massive tank battle? (BBC); The Battle of Kursk: Myths and Reality (Michael J. Licari); Deportation of Minorities and The Cult of Personality (Eisenstein's Ivan the Terrible) (Seventeen Moments in Soviet History); and Kursk (All World Wars: Soviet War Paintings).
MIDWAY -- The Pacific Ocean Theater of WWII: Japan vs. The Allies (The Education Portal); World War II in Asia and the Pacific, 1941-1945 and The Battle of Midway, 1942 (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations); and Catawba Alumnus Pilot of Famous Flying Dud. Optional: The Battle of Midway (BBC); Battle of Midway: The Japanese Attack and The American Counterattack (US Navy History) [9 minutes]; and World War II Pacific Animated Maps with The Battle of Midway Island (History Animated).
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY -- Optional: With Fascism on the Doorstep: The Nobel Institution in Norway, 1940-1945 (Nobel Prize).
DRESDEN and HIROSHIMA
THE WAR OF THE WORLD -- 4: A Tainted Victory: Parts 17 [begin at minute 6.03]-19 [end at minute 8.43].
WORLD WAR II -- World War II: Western Europe, 1942-1945, Asia, 1939-45, and Pacific, 1939-1945 (The National Archives) [11 minutes]. Optional: The Second World War (Norton iMaps: America) and The Second World War (Norton iMaps: Western Civilization); and World War Two: World War II in Europe and North Africa, 1942-1945 (Prentice-Hall: Audio Guided Tour).
DRESDEN (13-15 February 1945) -- British Bombing Strategy in World War Two (BBC) and The Bombing of Dresden in World War II for photographs (Wikipedia). Optional: Britain and the United States Bomb Germany (Smitha); The Bombing of Germany (PBS: American Experience); Remembering the Dresden Bombing (BBC, 2005); Winston Churchill and the Bombing of Dresden (The National Archives); Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities (World War II Database); : Coventry, England in 1940 and Lubeck, Germany in 1942 (BBC); and Build a Rocket (NOVA).
HIROSHIMA (06 August 1945) -- Japan: No Surrender in World War Two and Hiroshima remembers atomic bomb (BBC); and 24 Hours After Hiroshima (National Geographic Explorer) [50 minutes]. Optional: War against Japan, 1942-45 (Smitha); World War II Pacific Animated Maps (History Animated); Hiroshima videos (BBC); and Photographs of the Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by The Manhattan Engineer District (All World Wars).
Enola Gay -- Rendezvous with History: Thomas W. Ferebee and the Enola Gay (NC Museum of History, 2008); Interview With Crew of the Enola Gay: introduction [minute 0.00-0.30] and pilot Paul Tibbets, bomber Ferebee, and co-pilot Theodore van Kirk [minutes 3.15-end]; and Family Homesite of Colonel Thomas W. Ferebee (NC Historical Markers). Optional: Last Hiroshima bomber: "I'd do it again": Van Kirk (RTAmerica, 2010) [12 minutes]; 'One hell of a big bang': Tibbets interview (2002, The Guardian); Enola Gay Crew: signed photograph and Ferebee's 2000 obituary (photos 178 and 179) (The Manhattan Project Heritage Association).
Memorial -- Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum WebSite.
CULTURES OF CREATIVITY: Nobel Peace Prize -- 1944: International Committee of the Red Cross and The Red Cross Movement (Nobel Prize). Optional: Prisoners of War and The Red Cross: Three-Time Recipient of the Peace Prize (Nobel Prize).
ORWELL -- George Orwell, Why I Write and Preface to the Ukrainian Edition of Animal Farm (March 1947) [Word copies available on Blackboard's Course Materials: Documents], George Orwell and The Last Man in Europe (The History Guide); and Animal Farm: sixty years on (History Today, 2005) Optional: Orwell, Future of a Ruined Germany: Rural Slum Cannot Help Europe (8 April 1945) and You and the Atomic Bomb (19 October 1945); Robert Pearce, Animal Farm cartoon [72 minutes]; and The Red Cross Movement: Prisoners of War Game (Nobel Prize): a game based on the Third Geneva Convention (1929).
COLD WAR -- Europe and the Cold War (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animations). Optional: The United Nations, Victors against the Defeated, and Cold War: 1945-49 (Smitha); Deportation and Settlement, 1945-1950 (McGraw-Hill: Palmer); The Cold War, Decolonization in Africa, Postwar Alliances: The Far East, Europe, North Africa, The Middle East (Norton iMaps); and The Cold War (Mapping History).
United Nations -- UN member states animation (Wikipedia).
Berlin -- The Berlin Crisis (1948-1949) (The Map as History). Optional: Division of Berlin, 1945 (McDougal Littell); The Berlin Airlift (PBS); The Berlin Wall (Essential Architecture); Airlift Saves Blockaded Berlin and Learn More about the Berlin Airlift (Pearson: History Interactive); and The Occupation of Germany and Austria (Norton iMaps).
The Marshall Plan -- The Marshall Plan (Holt, Rinehart & Winston); The Marshall Plan (EmperorTigerstar); and For European Recovery: The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Marshall Plan (Library of Congress).
NATO and Warsaw Pact -- NATO and Warsaw Pact Countries (Norton iMaps) and Map of NATO chronological animated (Wikipedia). Optional: The Marshall Plan: Reconstructing Capitalist Europe, 1945-1951 (Wadsworth Modules) and NATO (CBS), timeline and interactive map.
USSR -- Gulag: Many Days, Many Lives (GMU). Optional: Soviet Forced Labor Camps and the Struggle for Freedom (Gulag History); Days and Lives (GMU); Forced Labor Camps on-line exhibition (Open Society Archives); Gulag (Duke U. Libraries), map and links; and Sakharov: Soviet Physics, Nuclear Weapons & Human Rights (American Institute of Physics).
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