ANCIENT EASTERN WORLD, I: India

 

 

 

 

 


TEXTS  -- The Bhagavad-Gita: Krishna's Counsel in Time of War, trans. Barbara S. Miller (Bantam, 1986); Sima Qian, The First Emperor: Selections from the Historical Records, trans. Raymond Dawson (Oxford UP, 2007); Murasaki Shikibu, The Tale of Genji Abridged, trans. Royall Tyler (Penguin, 2006); and William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White, The Elements of Style (Longman, 4e, 2000).

 

CORE -- Visit this page for the second part of our syllabus (Connecting) and to get started with the crucial attitudes and perspectives for our course.

 


TOPICS

 

 

FOUNDATIONS

 

BUDDHISM

 

ISLAM

 

 


 

FOUNDATIONS, I: Monsoon Asia

 

ASIA -- Asian Geographic Regions, Bodies of Water, and Rivers (Sheppard Software: All About Asia); Map quiz; Asia Map (Your Child Learns); Asian Religions map (Wadsworth); River Valley Civilizations (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); Early River Valley Civilizations (Pearson: MapMaster); South Asia: Elevation Profile, The Impact of Geography, South Asia: Winter and Summer Monsoons, South Asia: Vegetation, and South Asia: Population Density (Glencoe: In-Motion Animations); Monsoons in India [4 minutes]; Present-Day Southwest Asia and South Asia and Monsoons (McDougal Littell); Asia's Deadly Waves (NY Times on the 2004 tsunami); Asian History Timeline (Norton); and India: World Heritage Cultural and Natural Sites (Archaeological Survey of India), watching the "Main Introduction (video)" (in the column to the right of the map) [20 minutes].  Optional: Investigate Ancient Trade (Pearson: History Interactive); The Rise of Farming Communities 7000-2000 BC (Glencoe: In-Motion Animations); Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004 (McGraw-Hill); Timelines of Asia: Literary & Cultural History (Cora Agatucci: get familiar with this valuable resource); India Rain (National Geographic, 2009); and The Art of South and Southeast Asia: A Resource for Educators (MMOA).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

II: Ancient India

 

LAND AND TRADITIONS -- India [5 minutes] and India Map: select the 3D view (National Geographic); Geography of India and Languages of India (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animation); Geography of India (Macmillan); South Asia: Elevation Profile, South Asia: Vegetation, and Geography of India (McGraw-Hill); Ganges River [1 minute] (Discovery Channel); India/South Asia (Ian Mladjov); India's Resources: Ancient and Modern, Natural Resources of South Asia, Land Use in South Asia, Population Density of India, and Languages of India (McDougal Littell); and The Sacred Rivers of Early Hinduism (Wadsworth).  Optional: Physical Geography and Resources of India, 300s BC and Aryan Migrations, 1500-250 BC (McDougal Littell: Animated History); India [3 minutes]; Ancient India (Washington SU); Ancient Indian, Buddhist, Hindu, Southeast Asian (NY Institute of Technology); Ancient India (British Museum); Indus Seal (BBC: A History of the World in 100 Objects); India: The Empire of the Spirit (Michael Wood's Legacy: The Origins of Civilization) [52 minutes]; The Indians (BBC: What the Ancients Did for Us) [57 minutes]; Ancient Indus Valley Civilization; Introduction to the Pilgrimage Places of India and Sacred Sites of India map (Sacred Sites); Sadhus: Unique photographs of the holy men of India and Nepal (photos by Lex); Incredible India and Pilgrims' Progress (National Geographic: interactive map); Seven Wonders of India (YouTube); Archaeological Survey of India; A History of India companion Website (Routledge); South Asia: Physical and Physical Geography of South Asia (McDougal Littell); and Discover Classical Indian Dance (Pearson: History Interactive).

 

THE STORY OF INDIA: Beginnings (BBC): study through minute 47.17; also here] and then revisit the program's highlights on the PBS companion Web resource: Wood's opening page, the Synopsis of the series, "Episode 1: Beginnings" summary and timeline (items "c. 70,000-50,000 BCE: First humans migrate to India" through "c. 1500-1000 BCE: Earliest hymns of Rig-Veda composed") for information and videos.  Two important notes for using the timelines: 1) some of topics within the paragraph link to videos (follow those links to rewatch the videos); and 2) once started, the videos may continue reaching the end of the clip, even after closed, so that one must click back to the previous Web page to cease the video.  Optional: A transcript of Wood's series (Say2.org) and The Story of India: Pakistan and North India (BBC: Michel Wood).

 

INDUS CIVILIZATION -- Indus Valley Civilization (Crash Course World History) [10 minutes]; Planned Cities on the Indus (McDougal Littell: Maps); and Mohenjo-Daro and Sites of Harappan (Holt, Rinehart & Winston).  Optional: and Civilizations before 1000 BCE: The Lost Civilization of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa (Smitha) [pages 4-5]; Indus Civilization (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); Daro, Harappa (McDougal Littell: Maps); Saraswati River, Mohenjo -The Indus River Valley In The Third Millennium BCE (Norton iMaps); Sudeshna Guha, "The Indus Civilization," History Today, 57/10 (2007); and Indus Valley (BBC).

 

ARYANS -- Aryan Migration (2000-500 BC) (McGraw-Hill: In-Motion Animation).  Optional: History of India: "A place to settle" through "Aryans and Alexander" (HistoryWorld); Aryan Migrations, 1500-250 BC (McDougal Littell); and The Ramayana (Learn NC)

 

 

 

 

III: Hinduism

 

HINDUISM -- Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism (Education Portal); Hinduism (HistoryWorld); World Religions in Art: Hinduism (Minneapolis Institute of Arts); Spread of Hinduism and Buddhism, 500 BCE-CE 600 (Houghton Mifflin: Interactive Maps); The Spread of Hinduism and Sikhism (EmperorTigerstar); Varanasi (Sacred Destinations); Dancing Shiva (British Museum); and Discovery Atlas: Reincarnation in India (How Stuff Works) [3 minutes].  Optional: Hinduism (Laura Ellen Shulman); Shiva As Nataraja: The Lord of Dance (Lotus Sculpture); The Lost Temples of India (Discovery Channel) [52 minutes]; Varanasi: An important religious site [5 minutes] and "Hinduism in an Indian Village" [12 minutes] and The Evolution of Hinduism [11 minutes] (The Open University on iTunes U); Diwali: Festival of Lights (National Geographic) [3 minutes]; Diwali and Devotion to Kali (PBS: Religion & Ethics Newsweekly); Shiva Vinadhara (Holder of the Lute) (Learner: Art Through Time); Char Dham Pilgrimage (Smarthistory); Civilisations animated map (BBC); and Hindus, Jains and the Buddha (Smitha).

 

TEMPLES -- Beliefs Made Visible, Part 1: The Arts of Hinduism, studying Shiva, Ganesha, Vishnu, Durga, The Hindu Temple (Kailasanatha at Ellora, Khajuraho, Konark, and Madurai), Worship, and Varanasi (Asian Art Museum, San Francisco) [30 minutes]; and any two of these temples, most designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites and several featured in The Lost Temples of India [Discovery Channel]).  Optional: Temples (Indian Heritage); The Sensuous and the Sacred: Chola Bronzes from South India; Indian Temples (stupa and northern- and southern-styles); Hindu Temple Architecture; Rat Temple (National Geographic" [5 minutes]; Hampi and Mahabalipuram (Archaeological Survey of India); South Indian Architecture (Culturopedia); Vamana Temple (Learner: Art Through Time); Rock Cut Culture; and Times of India's list of seven Wonders of India (Wikipedia).

 

 

 

IV: Gita

 

GITA I -- The Story of India: Beginnings (BBC) [begin at minute 47.17]; New Empires in India (McGraw-Hill) [4 minutes]; Mahabharat (India TV, 1988-90), Episode 72, with the beginning of the Gita [minutes 13.41-24.00, as Krishna initiates his teachings].  Optional: The Mahabharata: A Synopsis of the Great Epic of India (Larry A. Brown); The Mahabharata: The Great Epic of India: "A Brief Description of the Mahabharata" and "The Story of the Mahabharata" (Brown U.); The Mahabharata: A Synopsis of the Great Epic of India; Mahabharat, Episode 1The Bhagavad Gita of Order, with brief summaries, translation, and illustrations; The Condensed Edition of The Bhagavad-Gita (Squashed Writers): "This version of 5500 words represents about 20% of the original. Estimated reading time: 18 minutes"; The Bhagavad-Gita: The Divine Song of God: text, audio, and images; and Bhagavad-Gita As It Is

 

GITA II -- Mahabharat, Episode 74 (1988-90), Episode 74 for Gita 11 [minutes 22.00-30.27]; Moses and the Burning Bush (The Brick Testament and either Cecil Demille's The Ten Commandments [3 minutes] or Prince of Egypt  [5 minutes]), and Fat Man and Little Boy: Trinity Test (reenactment of the first atomic bomb explosion (16 July 1945) [3.30 minutes] and J. Robert Oppenheimer's memory of that moment [2 minutes].

 

GITA III -- New Empires in India (McGraw-Hill) [3 minutes], yes again, please; Mahabharat (1988-90), Episode 74, watching the end of the Gita as Arjuna accepts his duty [minutes 30.27-36.20]; Krishna talks to Prince Arjuna (Peter Brooks' Mahabharata, 1989) [6 minutes]; and The Bhagavad Gita (Learner: Invitation to World Literature) [26 minutes].  Optional: The Condensed Edition of The Bhagavad-Gita (Squashed Writers): "This version of 5500 words represents about 20% of the original. Estimated reading time: 18 minutes"; and The Evolution of Hinduism (The Open University) [11 minutes at iTunes].

 

 


 BUDDHISM, I: Words

 

THE STORY OF INDIA: The Power of Ideas (BBC) [to minute 24.50]; and the online summary for "Episode 2: The Power of Ideas," Timeline 1 ("c. 599-527 BCE: Mahavira" through "518 BCE: Darius of Persia conquers Indus Valley"), and Timeline 2 ("c. 500 BCE: Jainism founded"). 

 

BUDDHISM -- Buddhist Art: The Historical Buddha, Introduction to Buddhism, Buddhist Monasteries, and Four Buddhas at the American Museum of Natural History (Khan Academy); Buddhism (HistoryWorld); Early Civilizations in India (McGraw-Hill) [3 minutes]; World Religions in Art: Buddhism (The Minneapolis Institute of Arts); Buddhism (Laura Ellen Shulman): Origins: "The Buddha" and "PowerPoint Presentation: An Overview of Buddhism;" Bodh Gaya: Center of the Buddhist World (Asian Art Museum, San Francisco) [3 minutes]; Bodhi Tree, Bodhgaya (Sacred Destinations); Tour a Temple (Pearson: History Interactive); and The Spread of Buddhism in Asia (Glencoe: In-Motion Animations).  Optional: Buddhism (Washington SU); Buddhism: The Indian Foundations and The Noble Eightfold Path (Brian Hoffert); The Buddha (PBS), a film by David Grubin [113 minutes]; An Introduction to Buddhism (C. George Boeree); Buddhism (BBC); The Place of Enlightenment [11 minutes on iTunes U] and Becoming a Buddhist monk (The Open University) [14 minutes at iTunes U); The Buddha video series (PBS); Sarnath and Benares (World Art Treasures); Sixteen States In The Time Of The Buddha In South Asia (Norton iMaps); and Sarnath (7 Wonders of India) [4 minutes].  

 

 

 

 

 

 

II: Images

 

IMAGES -- Civilization in Southeast Asia (McGraw-Hill) [2 minutes]; Beliefs Made Visible, Part 2: The Arts of Buddhism (Asian Art Museum, San Francisco): Sarnath & Bodh Gaya, The Great Stupa at Sanchi, Cave Shrines at Ellora & Ajanta, Images of the Buddha, The Bodhisattva, Decline of Buddhism in India, and Legacy of Hindu & Buddhist Arts of India [20 minutes]; Spread of Hinduism and Buddhism, 500 BCE-CE 600 (Houghton Mifflin: Interactive Maps); and Faces of the Divine (National Geographic).  Optional: Ancient India: Buddha (BBC); Mahabodhi Temple at Bodhgaya (ASI); Deciphering Buddha Imager (NOVA; Seated Buddha from Gandhara (BBC: A History of the World in 100 Objects); Elephanta Caves (Smarthistory); and Tibetan Buddhist Mandala (PBS: Religion & Ethics Newsweekly, 2007).

 

LIFE OF THE BUDDHA -- The Illustrated Life of the Buddha (Teaching Comparative Religion through Art and Architecture) and Life of the Buddha (John Knoblock) Optional: Lumbini (birth), Bodhgaya (enlightenment), Sarnath (first teaching), and Kushinagar (Kusinara) (death) (Sacred Destinations); and The Life of the Buddha (BBC) [55 minutes].

 

SACRED SPACES -- Buddhist Monasteries (Smarthistory).

 

  

 

III: Ashoka

 

THE STORY OF INDIA: The Power of Ideas (BBC), watching stories of Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka [minute 24.51-end] and studying the PBS Timeline 2 ("c. 400 BCE: Classical dance form Bharata natyam developed" though "261 BCE: Battle of Kalinga"), "Episode 3: Spice Routes & Silk Roads" summary and timeline Optional: India, Empire and Chaos (Smitha) and Ancient Empires of India (McDougal Littell).

 

ASHOKA -- Buddha and Ashoka (Crash Course World History) [12 minutes]; The Spread of Buddhism (EmperorTigerstar); and Elephant Warriors: Mauryan Empire (HSW) [7 minutes].  Optional: History of India: "Mauryans and Guptas" (HistoryWorld); Maurya dynasty (Livius); The Edicts of King Ashoka; and Ashoka's Pillar (7 Wonders of India) [2 minutes]; Spread of Buddhism to AD 500 (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); and Civilisations animated map (BBC).

THE GREAT STUPA AT SANCHI -- The Stupa (Smarthistory); Sanchi (ASI); Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (World Heritage Site) for NHK World Heritage 100 Sites [3 minutes] and WHTour; The Stupa (Asian Art Museum, San Francisco) [5 minutes]; Sanchi Stupa -- A World Heritage Site (James G. Lochtefeld); Lion Capital, Ashokan Pillar at Sarnath (Smarthistory); Centers of Early Buddhism map (Thompson Wadsworth); and Early Buddhist Worship: The Stupa and Other Aniconic Symbols (JoŽl Dubois).  Optional: Sanchi (World Art Treasures).

 

 

 

 

IV: Borobudur

 

ANGKOR WAT -- Spread of Hinduism and Buddhism 500 BC-AD 600 (McDougal Littell or here); Southeast Asia: Kingdoms, AD 100s-1300s and Southeast Asia: Trade Routes, AD 100s-1300s (McGraw-Hill); Angkor Wat (How Stuff Works) [5 minutes]; Destination: Temples of Angkor Wat (National Geographic); Angkor Wat (Sacred Destinations); Angkor Temple Mountains (Asian Art Museum, San Francisco) [5 minutes]; and The Khmer Empire: Cambodia's Medieval Splendor Optional: AD Classics: Angkor Wat (ArchDaily); Empires and Kingdoms of Southeast Asia (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); Lotus Temple: Angkor Wat, with sights and sounds for atmosphere (National Geographic); Jewels in the Jungle: Angkor Wat (BBC: Mysteries of Asia) [52 minutes]; and Angkor: The Divine Breath of Stones (World Art Treasures).

 

BOROBUDUR -- Maurya and Gupta Empires (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); The Spread of Buddhism (McGraw-Hill); Borobudur (Sacred Destinations), clicking the icon next to the title for the Borobudur Temple Compounds (UNESCO World Heritage Site) for the brief introduction and NHK World Heritage 100 Series video [3 minutes]; My Architectural Moleskin; and Borobudur: Pathway to Enlightenment (PBS), with an optional Word version available on BBD.  Optional: Gupta Empire, AD 400 (McDougal Littell: Chapter Maps); Gupta India, c. AD 400 (Ian Mladjov); Southeast Asia: Kingdoms, AD 100s-1300s and Southeast Asia: Trade Routes, AD 100s-1300s (Glencoe: In-Motion Animations); Borobudur, Borobudur Landscape, and Borobudur: Bouddha Life (World Art Treasures); International Trade Routes in Gupta and Sasanid Times (Pearson: Animated Map); and Southwest Asia, 300-600 CE and Buddhist Landscapes, 300-600 CE (Norton iMaps).  

 

 

 


 ISLAM, I: Mughals

 

ISLAM -- World Religions in Art: Islam (The Minneapolis Institute of Arts). Optional: India, 1200-1650 (Norton World Literature); The Spread of Islam (EmperorTigerstar); History of Islam (HistoryWorld); Islam (BBC); and The architecture of a mosque (The Open University) [3 minutes, on iTunes U] and "An important shrine in Delhi" [5 minutes].

 

THE STORY OF INDIA: The Meeting of Two Oceans (BBC): video [through minute 42.55] and study the PBS Timeline 4 ("c. 600-700: Islam introduced to India by Muslim traders" through "997-1030: Mahmud of Ghazni rules in north"), summary for " Episode 5: The Meeting of Two Oceans," and Timeline 5 ("1193-1386: Construction of Qutub Minar" through "1609: Hargobind builds the Akal Takht").  Optional: India, from 501 to 1200 (Smitha); Major states of postclassical India, 600-1600 CE: Harsha's Kingdom, Vijayanagar, and Chola (McGraw-Hill); South Asia In 1300 (Norton iMaps); Mongol Campaigns of the Thirteenth Century (Pearson: Global Snapshot); The Mongol Empire (Pearson: Interactive Map); and The Mughals (BBC: In Our Time) [45-minute audio].

 

MUGHALS -- The Muslim World Expands, 1300-1700, 1: The Ottomans Build a Vast Empire, pages 504-5 and 515-23, An Age of Explorations and Isolation, 1400-1800, 1: Europeans Explore the East, pages 526-35, and Growth of the Mughal Empire, 1526-1707 (McDougal Littell: Chapter Maps); History of India: "11th-16th century" (HistoryWorld); States of Postclassical India and Mughal Dynasty (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Map Quiz); The Mogul Empire, 1530-1707 (McGraw-Hill); The Great Mughal Emperors 1526-1707 (Paradoxplace); The Legacy of Islamic Empires and their Arts ("Introduction" through "Akbar"); The Mongol Empire (EmperorTigerstar); and any one of the following buildings:

 

 

II: Taj Mahal

 

THE STORY OF INDIA -- The Meeting of the Two Oceans (BBC): video [begin at minute 42.05] and study the PBS Timeline 5 ("1615-1659: Dara Shikoh" through "1658-1707: Aurangzeb rules").  Optional: Portuguese Goa (National Geographic) [2 minutes]; The Mughal Empire, 1530 (Norton iMaps); Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire and Ottoman and Safavid Empires, 1453-1629  (Pearson: Audio Guided Tour); Safavid Empire, 1501-1722 (Glencoe: In-Motion Animations); and The Islamic Empires, 1500-1800 (McGraw-Hill: Interactive Maps).

 

TAJ MAHAL -- History of India: "16th-17th century" and "18th century" (HistoryWorld); The Grandeur of the Moguls (McGraw-Hill) [2.30 minutes]; TAJ MAHAL: Agra - Taj Mahal (ASI); Taj Mahal (UNESCO World Heritage Sites), with the NHK World Heritage 100 Series video [3 minutes], WHTour, and OUR PLACE; The Taj Mahal (Paradox Place); and Explore the Taj Mahal; Shah Jahan Watching an Elephant Fight (Learner: Art Through Time).  Optional: AD Classics: Taj Mahal / Shah Jahan (ArchDaily). Akbar Ahmed, "The Taj Mahal," History Today, 43/5 (1993); Taj Mahal panorama; and Taj Mahal (Google Earth).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

III: Afters

 

THE STORY OF INDIA --Freedom (PBS): study the summary and timeline, and watch the episode [59 minutes]; Independence in South Asia, South Asia: Agriculture Supply, and South Asia: Shrinking Habitats (Glencoe: In-Motion Animations); and Amritsar (Sacred Destinations).  Optional: Amritsar, India (Sacred Sites); Golden Temple [5 minutes] and Victoria Memorial [6 minutes] (7 Wonders of India); and The British in India, 1767-1857 and Indian Rebellion of 1857 (Norton iMaps).

 

TRADITIONS TODAY -- Religions of South Asia, Population Density of India, and Languages of India (McDougal Littell); Hinduism and Modern India (PBS: Religion & Ethics Newsweekly); Navaratri; Untouchable (2003) and Buddha Rising: Out of he monastery, into the living room (2005) (National Geographic).  Optional: What The Ancients Did For Us: The Indians (BBC) [57 minutes]. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Charlie McAllister, Catawba College, Salisbury, NC

 

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